mavely

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey

“यह आज़ादी की लड़ाई है …ग़ुज़रे हुए कल से आज़ादी … आने वाले कल के लिए”

 

  • An Indian Soldier, who plays a predominant role in the events preceding the rebellion of 1857.
  • Born in 19th July 1857 to a Brahmin Family, Pandey joined in the Bengal Army in 1849. (5th Company of the 34th Native Infantry)
  • The East India Company introduced reforms that were completely unfair and unjust. They made the use of bullet cartridge which were used in P-53, Enfield rifle for all soldiers.
  • These cartridges were coated with a grease membrane that have to cut by teeth before loading. Since this membrane was extracted from the fat of either cow or pig, which was offensive for both Hindus and Muslims.  The Indian troops in some regiments were of the opinion that this was an intentional act of the British, with the aim of defiling their religions.
  • When all other attempts and uproar failed to change this phenomenon, on March 29, 1857, Mangal Pandey launched an open mutiny at Barrackpore in Kolkata. He rebelled and killed many British officers for their cruel and inhuman nature towards his countrymen.
  • He along with his men attacked the sergeant Major Hudson which lead to a tough situation of battle on the army ground.
  • Mangal Pandey was surrounded by the British soldiers, but he collapsed after firing a bullet on his own chest.
  • It is said that even when there was a bullet in his chest, he kept quiet and have not revealed the names of his fellow co-conspirators.
  • He was hanged on 29th March 1857.
  • To commemorate the brave soldier, the Indian government issued a postage stamp with his image in 1984.
  •  A movie on the life and journey of Mangal Pandey was released in 2005, where Aamir Khan played the titular role.

She was known as the “Mickey Mouse” of Gandhi…Read More.

 

The Nightingale of India~ Sarojini Naidu

The Nightingale of India~ Sarojini Naidu

The Nightingale of India~ Sarojini Naidu

A women who stood for Female Rights- A true inspiration for promoting Feminism in India

As long as I have life, as long as blood flows through this arm of mine, I shall not leave the cause of freedom…I am only a woman, only a poet. But as a woman, I give to you the weapons of faith and courage and the shield of fortitude. And as a poet, I fling out the banner of song and sound, the bugle call to battle. How shall I kindle the flame which shall waken you men from slavery”

  • She started her career in literature at the age of 12 by writing a play named Maher Muneer. The play received wide recognition and praises.
  • She received a scholarship at the age of 16 from the Nizam of Hyderabad and went to London King’s College. There, Nobel Laureates Arthur Simon and Edmond Gausse advised her to focus on Indian themes for writing.
  • She became an incredible poet of the 20th century by expressing her feelings, emotions and her experiences through poems.
  • During her college days, she falls in love with a non-Brahmin physicist named Padipati Govindarajulu Naidu. She married him at the age of 19.

Her fight for freedom began when the viceroy of India, Partitioned Bengal.

  • She met  Gopal Krishna Gokhale through whom she came into contact with several prominent faces of India’s freedom struggle including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindranath Tagore and Annie Besant.
  • She was urged by Gokhale to use her intellect for the cause and she dedicated herself to politics and Indian freedom movement, taking a respite from writing.
  • Between 1915 and 1918, Naidu travelled to different regions in India delivering lectures on social welfare, the emancipation of women and Nationalism and established Women’s Indian Association in 1917.
  • In 1916 she fought against the Brtish for the rights of farmers in Champaran, Bihar who were forced by the Britishers to grow Indigo instead for the food crops they used to grow for their survival.
  • Naidu was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal by the British government for her work during the plague epidemic in India, which she later returned in protest over the April 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
  • Naidu again went to London in 1919 as a part of the All India Home Rule League as a part of her continued efforts to advocate for freedom from the British rule. Upon return to India in 1920, she joined Gandhi’s Satyagraha Movement.

Sarojini Naidu presided in the annual session of Indian National Congress (INC) in 1925, and also became the president of the INC.

Naidu said in her address, “In the battle for liberty, fear is one unforgivable treachery and despair, the one unforgivable sin”.

  • Sarojini Naidu participated in the Salt Satyagraha with many other women protesters at Dharsana Salt Works in Gujarat.
  • Naidu was arrested, along with other Congress leaders including Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Madan Mohan Malaviya for participating in 1930 Salt March.
  • Naidu was one of the major figures to have led the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement led by Gandhi. She faced repeated arrests by the British authorities during the time and even spent over 21 months in jail.

Sarojini Naidu was the first female governor of India – she served as the Governor of United Provinces in Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949.

  • She died on 2 March 1949 due to cardiac arrest at the Government House in Lucknow. She had been the strongest advocate of the Father of the Nation “Gandhiji” and had supported him in every ideology to make India free form the British rule. She was nicknamed as Mahatma Gandhi’s “Mickey Mouse”.

Jhansi Rani fall from the horse, but no British soldiers identified her as she was wearing…..Read more

 

The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

  • After the death of Gangadhar Rao, King of Jhansi ( to whom, Laxmi Bahi was married in the age of 7) rani was coronated as the queen of Jhansi.
  • The Britishers took advantage of the lack of experience of the queen and demanded the control of her kingdom. But they were wrong! Rani was strong and determined for her kingdom.
  • Since there was no biological male heir, the kingdom was annexed to British Raj by Governor-General of India under Doctrine of Lapse.
  • Rani adopted a son, but Lord Dalhousie did not consider Damodar Rao as a biological heir and sent the message of merging Jhansi into British.

But Rani, was courageous and was not ready to surrender her land to the invaders

  • She formed an army, including both women and men and trained them in Military techniques.
  • The incident of Britishers looting common people, killing women and children in Jhansi, strengthen her decision to fight against Britishers.

Along with her army, she fought against the Britishers for almost two weeks. She carried her adopted son Damodar Rao on her back and took a sword in each hand, and killed many British soldiers. Her attack have made the British Army to set back from the fight.

  • But later in 18th June 1958, the British attacked the Gwalior and entered into Jhansi.
  • Rani decided to break the military front and while she was trying to break it she came across a garden.
  • Since she was riding a new horse, she felt difficult to control it.
  • Ultimately she fell and got injured. Since Rani was in male warrior costume, the Britishers didn’t recognize her and they left her.
  • Rani’s servant helped her up and gave her ‘gangajal’, which is considered a holy water.
  • Her last wish was that she should not be touched a Britisher, and hence was burn by a hermit.

Reference:

https://indiathedestiny.com/freedom-movement/rani-lakshmi-bhai-symbol-courage-bravery/

 

 

Best Highlights of NEP 2020 in Graduation Levels.

Best Highlights of The National Education Policy 2020 in Graduation Levels.

4-year of Undergraduate programme FYUP

  • NEP 2020 adopted a four year  UG programme, which was earlier proposed by Dinesh Singh ( former V-C of DU)
  • In FYUP, the conventional three-year Bachelor’s degrees will remain, there will now be a four-year “multi-disciplinary” Bachelor’s programme.
  • Students opting for a three-year Bachelor’s programme can choose a two-year Master’s programme which could be followed by a PhD.
  • Students opting for the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research can go for a one-year Master’s which is expected to make students ready for a PhD programme.
  • To enrol for a PhD, a Master’s degree or the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research is now mandatory; it is not clear whether this is referring to a year-long or a two-year Master’s degree(In Defence of MPhil, n.d.).

Dropping out? Don’t worry you ‘ll gain your credit!

Best Highlights of NEP 2020 in Graduation Levels.

According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, In this decade there is an increase in students opting for higher education but the survey also showed that the people who are dropping out is also increasing. We have discussed the example of fish who understand its passion later in their life; Drop out happen when the students have no more interest in continuing the education or when he/she identifies his passion in a different subject. If someone drops the course, what he/she earns is knowledge related to that course and countless shame.

  • NEP 2020 focus on giving credits even though one could not complete his full education.
  • If a student drops in the first year, the student will get a certificate.
  • If the student drops in the second year, will get a Diploma.
  • The students completing the third year will get a bachelor’s degree.
  • The student completing the fourth year will receive a bachelor’s degree with research.

Flexibility in Subject.

As per the second NEP (1986), the students were not having enough freedom to chose their combinations of subjects. The students could only make their selection after the tenth standard. (  Computer science, bio maths, commerce…). Even in college, the students have to go with the complimentary coursed decided by the department.

  • The NEP 2020 envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, and integration of vocational education.
  • Now the students could choose the subjects according to their passion ie: if a student like chemistry and maths but hate physics, he/she could choose another subject.
  • This will help the students to learn different dimensions as per their passions.
  • The students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed until now.
  • This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
  • . There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.

Going Glocal!

  • According to the new National Education Policy, foreign universities will now be able to operate in India.
  • This move will add ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save them a lot on dollars. It will also raise the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
  • The move will allow 200 top global universities to operate in India and provide quality education and raise standards of India varsities as well.

Know more about National Education Policy 2020

Summing up, the new NEP 2020, the policy has brought many significant changes to the Education especially focusing on a “modern-demand” of education. The NEP 2020 was widely accepted by the education experts, teachers and students all over the nation. The base put forward by the Narendra Modi’s Government in the education system has become a success but the real essence lies in the implementation of the NEP 2020, which have to be catered from the top cities to the rural areas of the nation.

What you feel best/your opinion about National Education Policy 2020??

Use the Comment box to express your ideas…

 

Checkout The New Exam Pattern of The NEP 2020.

Checkout The New Exam Pattern of The NEP 2020.

The concept of exam is a terror for all, even at times we used to curse the one who invented the exam because no exams are students friendly. If you get a good score you have to maintain that score for the entire life and if you have less score you have to hear the whole people comparing you with others. Hey! the good news is..we have a hope…

How National Education Policy 2020 addresses the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System?

  • According to NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
  • Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
  • The results of school examinations will be used only for developmental purposes and for continuous monitoring and improvement of the schooling system.

The New Exam Pattern of The NEP 2020.

 

A Holistic Progress card…

The NEP 2020 has brought a multidimensional progress card which include:

  • Self-assessment, peer assessment and teachers assessment.
  • The card not only include your cognitive analysis but also your social-emotional and psychological assessment.
  • the report will include progress in project-based and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group work, portfolios, etc., to be included in report cards.

Click here to Know how National Education Policy 2020 overcomes the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System.

 

wow NEP 2020! The new structure of school education.

The new structure of school education in the NEP 2020.

The (5+3+3+4) structure

Before:

  • The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
  • Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
  • The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
  • After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).

The new structure of school education in the NEP 2020.

Now according to the National Education Policy 2020:

  • The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
  • 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
  • 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
  • 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
  • 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).

Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.

  • The age for Right to Education has extended.
  • Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
  • This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
  • Also before, the students get free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
  • According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).

 More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.

  • As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
  • A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
  • By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
  • Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.

The National Education Policy 2020- A hope to all Indians.

The National Education Policy 2020- A hope to all Indians…

The union cabinet on 29th July 2020 approved the new National Education Policy 2020. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020(HT, 2020).

Aim– To make “India a global knowledge superpower”

 Renaming MHRD to Ministry of Education

The last National Education Policy which was introduced by Rajeev Gandhi in 1986 which renamed the ministry as the Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) and P V Narasimha Rao served as the first minister of MHRD. On last Wednesday, while presenting the third NEP 2020 of India, announced the renaming of MHRD as the Ministry of Education.

Major Highlights of NEP 2020, pulling down the existing Drawbacks

The (5+3+3+4) structure

Before:

  • The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
  • Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
  • The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
  • After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).

Now:

  • The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
  • 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
  • 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
  • 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
  • 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).

Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.

  • The age for Right to Education has extended.
  • Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
  • This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
  • Also before, the students get free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
  • According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).

What are the Drawbacks of Indian Education System?

 More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.

  • As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
  • A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
  • By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
  • Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.

The New Exam Pattern

The concept of exam is a terror for all, even at times we used to curse the one who invented the exam because no exams are students friendly. If you get a good score you have to maintain that score for the entire life and if you have less score you have to hear the whole people comparing you with others. Hey! the good news is..we have a hope….

How National Education Policy 2020 addresses the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System?

  • According to NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
  • Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
  • The results of school examinations will be used only for developmental purposes and for continuous monitoring and improvement of the schooling system.

 

A Holistic Progress card…

The NEP 2020 has brought a multidimensional progress card which include:

  • Self-assessment, peer assessment and teachers assessment.
  • The card not only include your cognitive analysis but also your social-emotional and psychological assessment.
  • the report will include progress in project-based and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group work, portfolios, etc., to be included in report cards.

Best Highlights of NEP-2020 in Graduation Levels.

4-year of Undergraduate programme FYUP

  • NEP 2020 adopted a four year  UG programme, which was earlier proposed by Dinesh Singh ( former V-C of DU)
  • In FYUP, the conventional three-year Bachelor’s degrees will remain, there will now be a four-year “multi-disciplinary” Bachelor’s programme.
  • Students opting for a three-year Bachelor’s programme can choose a two-year Master’s programme which could be followed by a PhD.
  • Students opting for the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research can go for a one-year Master’s which is expected to make students ready for a PhD programme.
  • To enrol for a PhD, a Master’s degree or the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research is now mandatory; it is not clear whether this is referring to a year-long or a two-year Master’s degree(In Defence of MPhil, n.d.).

Dropping out? Don’t worry you ‘ll gain your credit!

According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, In this decade there is an increase in students opting for higher education but the survey also showed that the people who are dropping out is also increasing. We have discussed the example of fish who understand its passion later in their life; Drop out happen when the students have no more interest in continuing the education or when he/she identifies his passion in a different subject. If someone drops the course, what he/she earns is knowledge related to that course and countless shame.

  • NEP 2020 focus on giving credits even though one could not complete his full education.
  • If a student drops in the first year, the student will get a certificate.
  • If the student drops in the second year, will get a Diploma.
  • The students completing the third year will get a bachelor’s degree.
  • The student completing the fourth year will receive a bachelor’s degree with research.

Flexibility in Subject.

As per the second NEP (1986), the students were not having enough freedom to chose their combinations of subjects. The students could only make their selection after the tenth standard. (  Computer science, bio maths, commerce…). Even in college, the students have to go with the complimentary coursed decided by the department.

  • The NEP 2020 envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, and integration of vocational education.
  • Now the students could choose the subjects according to their passion ie: if a student like chemistry and maths but hate physics, he/she could choose another subject.
  • This will help the students to learn different dimensions as per their passions.
  • The students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed until now.
  • This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
  • . There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.

Going Glocal!

  • According to the new National Education Policy, foreign universities will now be able to operate in India.
  • This move will add ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save them a lot on dollars. It will also raise the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
  • The move will allow 200 top global universities to operate in India and provide quality education and raise standards of India varsities as well.

Controversy in National Education Policy 2020

  • In a segment called ‘multilingualism, and power of language’, the new National Education Policy (NEP) says “wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language”.
  • “Experts have found when a child is born he starts learning in his home language. It is not just in our country, in countries like France and Germany and even Nobel laureates have admitted that their knowledge of science or any other subject has been better when they studied it in their language,” Kasturirangan said.
  • However, the policy gravely misses out on the factor that many students come from other states and might not know the regional or local language. As a result, its effort to promote diversity and pluricultural in language may go futile.

Summing up, the new NEP 2020, the policy has brought many significant changes to the Education especially focusing on a “modern-demand” of education. The NEP 2020 was widely accepted by the education experts, teachers and students all over the nation. The base put forward by the Narendra Modi’s Government in the education system has become a success but the real essence lies in the implementation of the NEP 2020, which have to be catered from the top cities to the rural areas of the nation.

What you feel best/your opinion about National Education Policy 2020??

Use the Comment box to express your ideas…

How National Education Policy 2020 Address the Existing Drawbacks of Indian Education System?

The Union Cabinet approved the first National Education Policy 2020 (NEP) of the 21st century on 29th July 2020. The NEP 2020 received large appreciation from the experts, teachers and students as it addresses the modern demands of the education and bring a holistic dimension to the education. The policy also addressed several drawbacks of the present education system.

Briefing the Major Drawbacks of Indian Education System?

The Indian literacy rate has shown a significant improvement in the past decade with the updated technologies and new government measures but thinking deeply in a practical manner (well I am not able to think in a practical manner!) do the Indian Education System impart an effective education? Could the existing education system help to meet the modern days demand? well, my answer is no! Here are a few reasons:

The basic belief on education.

There is a belief that education means Gradeeee. Never! grades and marks you score are just a small part of the education. But then what is a real Education? I would quote Mahatma Gandhi’s ideology there; Education as a holistic approach where Gandhiji believed life-centred and child-centred education. So my dear reader, If your child/student/friend is good in farming, that is an education; if they learn to sing, that is also an education, if they know fashion, is an education; good in sports, education and even if they know reading, writing and arithmetic, that is also an education. The NEP 2020 follows a Holistic approach and is a hope for the upcoming generation.

Exam Centric Curriculum!

The basic standard to measure a well-educated person as per the Indian Education system is the grade/qualification they receive and not based on the skill. From a young age, the parents and teachers squeeze the child to reproduce a good score for their final examinations, wrapping down the child’s potentials and preferences. Who is to be blamed? I would say neither the parent nor the teachers, but the system which made them like that.

The system which makes the student to eat the entire book for the examinations, the system in which the teachers complete the entire portion by three months and prepare the students to score high marks in the examinations. At the end, the ones with high scores will be under the institution’s glory list and rest under the institutions’ sorry list!

Know how the new education policy tackle this problem.

WIll a Fish climb a tree?? Yes, they will!

You may be familiar with this poster, explaining the Indian Education System:

Definitely the fish will climb the tree because the Indian education is good in building average climbers!!! But, later in the life, the fish will realise that they are more passionate and astonishing in swimming. The question is why they don’t realise this before? Maybe its because our education system was busy preparing question papers for final exams and most of the prepared question papers have nothing to do with our future.  This is why APJ Abdul Kalam said:

“When the students pass out of senior secondary schools, they should have two certificates – of passing 10+2 examination and of a specific skill acquired by him during schooling,”.

According to him, besides the normal curriculum, the children should receive special training towards one skill set which will offer an extra certification which will not only help them get a job after school but also make them aware of how real-world industries function(IndiaToday, 2015).

Drop out? The NEP 2020 has an awesome solution for the Graduates and Post Graduates.

Presenting the Academic Pressure Cooker!

The three groups of people that every student is worried in their education life are 1) Parents 2) Teachers and 3) Neighbours. Most of the students study to convince any/all of the numbered group. If you get good marks in exams its a task for you to maintain the consistency of marks in all exams otherwise you will have to hear this  “Hayyo! What happened to you?”. If you are bad at studies you ll hear “You shameless idiot! just watch and learn from Raju uncle’s Son”.

So from childhood, the pressure starts:

  • From class 1-9-  Trying to be the topper of the class by writing the notes, byhearting it and writing those byhearted notes in paper.
  • From 10 – Turning Point of Life ( People randomly meet us, just to say this)-We have to get good grades and percentages to get admission in good schools for our class 11–12.
  • Class 11th- If we take science then we are considered a good student or else if we take arts/commerce then we are considered average or below-average student. No good student wants to have a below-average tag with them so there is only one option if you are good in studies, Go for science!! and if we take bio-maths, we could land up either as Doctor or Engineer(Wow!)
  • Class 12th board- Here comes the greater war. we have to get the best possible percentage in 12th board because the neighbours will start comparing us if we get less mark than that expected mark (expected mark=neighbours brain molecules who built an expectation level for us).
  • Now, we go to some college and would be busy mugging up things, completing assignment and lab notebooks and we ask ourself  “Why I am learning to weld to be a biotechnology engineer”

If one could keep high grades throughout your academics, Congrats and cheers! he/she becomes the part of those 0.1% whom we call as successful people. Else we would continue to be an average person or just like a fish who learned about its passion for swimming very lately.

In short, in Indian Education System we write Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, then Job……

The mismatch on What one study and What one Does!

Let us begin within few statistics:

  • Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy’s survey state that the growth rate of jobs halves as education level rise and from the graph it is evident that, the more educated the less percentage of growth. ie; those educated between 6th and 9th saw the addition of 18 million jobs, implying an increase of 26% of jobs whereas those with graduation and post-graduation saw small growth in jobs.
  • We can conclude from this that most of us invest our strengths (money, time and thoughts) in studies and what we earn is something very different. This is a crucial problem of the Indian Education System.

Let me share my own experience, I did my graduation in physics but now I am a social worker, I realised that my passion is not in physics and is for serving society in the middle of the physics graduation (2nd year). I used to regret my wrong decision at times but I used to suppress those feeling by thinking how I enjoyed my graduation period. There are many cases like this around us, the people who realise the real passion of him/her in later life. What if we had a medium to address our preferences and our passions rather than misinterpretations and mismatched decisions. This situation will lead to a Limbo Period (a period where you don’t know what to do or what decision to be taken).

 The National Education Policy 2020- A hope to all Indians…

The union cabinet on 29th July 2020 approved the new National Education Policy 2020. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020(HT, 2020).

Aim– To make “India a global knowledge superpower”

 Renaming MHRD to Ministry of Education

The last National Education Policy which was introduced by Rajeev Gandhi in 1986 which renamed the ministry as the Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) and P V Narasimha Rao served as the first minister of MHRD. On last Wednesday, while presenting the third NEP 2020 of India, announced the renaming of MHRD as the Ministry of Education.

Major Highlights of NEP 2020, pulling down the existing Drawbacks

Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.

  • The age for Right to Education has extended.
  • Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
  • This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
  • Also before, the students only got free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
  • According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).

The (5+3+3+4) structure

Before:

  • The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
  • Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
  • The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
  • After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).

Now:

  • The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
  • 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
  • 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
  • 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
  • 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).

 More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.

  • As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
  • A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
  • By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
  • Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.

The New Exam Pattern

The concept of exam is a terror for all, even at times we used to curse the one who invented the exam because no exams are students friendly. If you get a good score you have to maintain that score for the entire life and if you have less score you have to hear the whole people comparing you with others. Hey! the good news is..we have a hope…

How National Education Policy 2020 addresses the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System?

  • According to NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
  • Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
  • The results of school examinations will be used only for developmental purposes and for continuous monitoring and improvement of the schooling system.

 

A Holistic Progress card…

The NEP 2020 has brought a multidimensional progress card which include:

  • Self-assessment, peer assessment and teachers assessment.
  • The card not only include your cognitive analysis but also your social-emotional and psychological assessment.
  • the report will include progress in project-based and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group work, portfolios, etc., to be included in report cards.

Best Highlights of NEP-2020 in Graduation Levels.

4-year of Undergraduate programme FYUP

  • NEP 2020 adopted a four year  UG programme, which was earlier proposed by Dinesh Singh ( former V-C of DU)
  • In FYUP, the conventional three-year Bachelor’s degrees will remain, there will now be a four-year “multi-disciplinary” Bachelor’s programme.
  • Students opting for a three-year Bachelor’s programme can choose a two-year Master’s programme which could be followed by a PhD.
  • Students opting for the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research can go for a one-year Master’s which is expected to make students ready for a PhD programme.
  • To enrol for a PhD, a Master’s degree or the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research is now mandatory; it is not clear whether this is referring to a year-long or a two-year Master’s degree(In Defence of MPhil, n.d.).

Dropping out? Don’t worry you ‘ll gain your credit!

According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, In this decade there is an increase in students opting for higher education but the survey also showed that the people who are dropping out is also increasing. We have discussed the example of fish, who understand its passion later in its life; Drop out happen when the students have no more interest in continuing the education or when he/she identifies ones passion in a different subject. If someone drops the course, what he/she earns is knowledge related to that course and countless shame.

  • NEP 2020 focus on giving credits even though one could not complete his full education.
  • If a student drops in the first year, the student will get a certificate.
  • If the student drops in the second year, will get a Diploma.
  • The students completing the third year will get a bachelor’s degree.
  • The student completing the fourth year will receive a bachelor’s degree with research.

Flexibility in Subject.

As per the second NEP (1986), the students were not having enough freedom to chose their combinations of subjects. The students could only make their selection after the tenth standard. (  Computer science, bio maths, commerce…). Even in college, the students have to go with the complimentary coursed decided by the department.

  • The NEP 2020 envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, and integration of vocational education.
  • Now the students could choose the subjects according to their passion ie: if a student like chemistry and maths but hate physics, he/she could choose another subject.
  • This will help the students to learn different dimensions as per their passions.
  • The students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed until now.
  • This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
  • There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.

Going Glocal!

  • According to the new National Education Policy, foreign universities will now be able to operate in India.
  • This move will add ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save them a lot on dollars. It will also raise the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
  • The move will allow 200 top global universities to operate in India and provide quality education and raise standards of India varsities as well.

Controversy in National Education Policy 2020

  • In a segment called ‘multilingualism, and power of language’, the new National Education Policy (NEP) says “wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language”.
  • “Experts have found when a child is born he starts learning in his home language. It is not just in our country, in countries like France and Germany and even Nobel laureates have admitted that their knowledge of science or any other subject has been better when they studied it in their language,” Kasturirangan said.
  • However, the policy gravely misses out on the factor that many students come from other states and might not know the regional or local language. As a result, its effort to promote diversity and pluricultural in language may go futile.

Summing up, the new NEP 2020, has brought many significant changes to the Education especially focusing on a “modern-demand” of education. The NEP 2020 was widely accepted by the education experts, teachers and students all over the nation. The base put forward by the Narendra Modi’s Government in the education system has become a success but the real essence lies in the implementation of the NEP 2020, which have to be catered from the top cities to the rural areas of the nation.

What is your opinion about the National Education Policy 2020??

Use the Comment box to express your ideas…

References:

Brief History.pdf. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://www.mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/document-reports/Brief%20History.pdf
Cognitive Learning Theory—The Peak Performance Center. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://thepeakperformancecenter.com/educational-learning/learning/theories/cognitive-learning-theory/
HT. (2020, July 29). New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: School and higher education to see major changes. Hindustan Times. https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/new-education-policy-2020-live-updates-important-takeaways/story-yYm1QaeNyFW4uTTU3g9bJO.html
In defence of MPhil: Why the degree should not be discontinued. (n.d.). The Week. Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://www.theweek.in/news/india/2020/07/30/in-defence-of-mphil-why-the-degree-should-not-be-discontinued.html
IndiaToday, : (2015). A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s expectations from the Indian education system. India Today. https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/featurephilia/story/a.p.j.-abdul-kalams-expectations-from-the-indian-education-system-285156-2015-07-28
Key issues that Indian education system is facing. (2019, May 6). The Financial Express. https://www.financialexpress.com/education-2/key-issues-that-indian-education-system-is-facing/1568737/
More students opt for higher education, but even more drop out: Survey—Times of India. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/education/news/More-students-opt-for-higher-education-but-even-more-drop-out-Survey/articleshow/22176026.cms
Nanda, P. K. (2020, July 29). What does the New Education Policy say about language of instructions? Livemint. https://www.livemint.com/news/india/what-does-the-new-education-policy-say-about-language-of-instructions-11596041008782.html
National Education Policy 2020.pdf. (n.d.). Google Docs. Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://drive.google.com/file/d/1dgjvt3S8pQ320fBEqZaDpZADTOuMJweq/view?usp=sharing&usp=embed_facebook
National Education Policy foreign universities can set up campuses India NEP 2020 reforms features | Education News – India TV. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://www.indiatvnews.com/education/news-national-education-policy-foreign-universities-can-set-up-campuses-india-nep-2020-reforms-features-638216
New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: Key takeaways of NEP to make India a ‘global knowledge superpower’. (2020a, July 29). Hindustan Times. https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/new-education-policy-2020-highlights-key-takeaways-of-nep-to-make-india-a-global-knowledge-superpower/story-eIXTkJrcNJHhXdshWDpu1I.html
New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: School and higher education to see major changes. (2020b, July 29). Hindustan Times. https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/new-education-policy-2020-live-updates-important-takeaways/story-yYm1QaeNyFW4uTTU3g9bJO.html
Understanding the National Education Policy 2020. (2020, July 30). Finshots. https://finshots.in/archive/understand-national-education-policy-2020/
Why India Should Worry About Its Educated, but Unemployed, Youth. (n.d.). The Wire. Retrieved 30 July 2020, from https://thewire.in/labour/why-india-should-worry-about-its-educated-but-unemployed-youth

 

Details! PUBG Banned in India

Details! PUBG Banned in India

Details! PUBG Banned in India

PUBG – A Brief Introduction

Player Unknown Battle Ground (PUBG), an online multiplayer battleground game which is developed by a South Korean video game company called Bluehole.  The game launched in 2017 for Microsoft Windows, but made accessible as a free to play mobile version for android as well as iOS in 2018. The game received greater reviews from the critics and was also nominated for the categories “Game of the Year” and “Best Ongoing Game” at the Game awards. The game also received the 35th Golden Joystick award for best PC game and 36th Joystick award for best mobile game(‘PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds’, 2020).

The Indian Digital Strike.

  • The Military standoff in Sino -Indian border from the month of may has led to aggressive melee, face-offs and skirmishes among both countries.
  • In order to save the country’s sovereignty and security, the government of India decided to ban 59 Chinese apps in the first phase.
  • Apps like, TikTok, Helo and WeChat, UC Browser and ShareIT are some of the prominent apps which were banned by the Indian Government.
  • In the second phase of the digital strike, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) took the decision to ban 47 more Chinese apps.
  • Another 275 apps are under the radar of the Indian Government as those apps could hinder national security.

    PUBG BANNED IN INDIA

    On Wednesday, September 2020 the Ministry of information and technology banned PUBG along with other 117 apps were banned in India.

Is PUBG a Chinese Game??

  • PUBG  was developed and published by PUBG Corporation, a subsidiary of South Korean video game company Bluehole.
  • Initially was made available for Microsoft Windows through the Steam store.
  • The PUBG game became a part of the Chinese market when the Bluehole company( South Korean) partnered with China’s biggest gaming company which is Tencent (Chinese).
  • Tencent introduced PUBG MOBILE, a mobile version of the game and that is how it became a Chinese App.

Is PUBG banned in India?

Even though many in the country support banning the Chinese apps to ensure the digital security of the nation, the PUBG fans have requested the authorities not to include the game in the ban list.

PUBG BANNED IN INDIA

On Wednesday, September 2020 the Ministry of information and technology banned PUBG along with other 117 apps were banned in India.

 

More Blogs…Click Here

 

 

Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism in Indian Film Industry, Part- II; Analysis of the Survey.

The status of women in many countries has increased post-globalization. They started to represent in different organisations, the gender gap in the payment system decreased and legislation were made to stand for their rights. In India, even though the impact of globalization has strengthened the women movements and their rights, the patriarchal values existing in the society discriminate women in different ways. This discrimination is very high in the film industry as Films are the reflection of the society and vice versa.

Film is a reflection of society, both present and past. I think the film and it’s innovations sometimes has to catch up to society but sometimes it leads society too. Movies are stories, movies are people who come out with ideas about something they want to say, something they want to tell someone. Movies are a form of communication and that communication, those stories, come from societies- not just where society is presently and what it’s doing now- but where society has been. It’s been that way for as long as movies have been around!

Tom Sherak

Before getting to the blog :


Indian Cinema & the Society

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  • The societal beliefs and value system influence the film industry and vice versa. Cinema is one of the medium which brings new trends and lifestyles in the society.
  • From its birth, the Indian film industry has brought out new trends and revolutions through powerful films.
  • From the old style of MGR to the coeval actors, there were numerous adaptation of styles by the common people.
  • For Instance, The Malayalam movie Honey Bee, a trend changing movie in Mollywood which depicts the story of youth and film have brought a new wave among the youth with new slangs like “bro”, “freak”, “machan” along with new generation dressing. Like this, each film has an impact in the society.
  • On the other hand, the impact of the society in the film also plays a large part. Thus the society and film are interrelated.

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  • Even being one of the largest film industry, Indian film Industry still reflects patriarchy and male chauvinism.
  • The patriarchy that exists in the society reflects on the screen. The societal value system which treats women as a divine or good homemaker still exist all over the community. 
  • A film depend on the power structure of the society, which in India is male-is dominated. The Directors take preferences of taking film that go in hand with the societal mores and norms. Since the Indian society is made up of patriarchal values and beliefs, the same get reflected in the big screen.

The Religious aspects affecting the Film.

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  • Indians are entangled by high beliefs and value system through religion and religious scriptures. Most of the religions consider women to be a divine home maker and to be the subordinate of men.
  • They give the men complete power to be dominant in the society. The evil practices of Sati, Child marriage and fate of a widow were all brought to the society by religion.
  • Empowering women through the medium of cinema is tough for the filmmakers as they will have to face consequences from the majority of people who belief in the power system.
  • Deepa Mehtas Fire and water were one among them, as both film shows the freedom of women but were denied by the society. The telecasting of the films were stopped by the RSS, saying that those were against Manusmrithi. 

The Marketing Strategy of films upholding the Patriarchy

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Marketing and publicity, initially represent about five to ten per cent of a film’s success at the box office but today it determines up to fifty per cent of a film’s success. 

Economic liberalisation created a new wave in the marketing strategy of the Indian film Industry. Traditionally, Hindi films were screened in large single-screen theatres with separate seating sections that catered to people from a wide range of social classes and demographics. 

  • Thus, a filmmaker could not make a niche film if he expected to make profits as a theatre owner needed to sell a thousand seat hall. The goal was to make a “super hit” film that would appeal to everyone.
  • While traditional notions of masculinity are still at play, mass media also influences the constructions of gender identity. Cinema halls in India are an extremely gendered space, primarily occupied by young men.
  • Indian male filmgoers enjoy watching male stars, making them objects of their affection. These on-screen images of male stars are objects of the filmgoers’ gaze, while also promoting a strong identification that leads male audience members to view themselves as “framed by the looks of others.”
  • This is manifested in imitation of the stars’ style and swagger. Young men in particular copy the clothes, hairstyles and mannerisms of both heroes and villains, often memorizing whole chunks of dialogues.
  • The largest film audiences come from poor lower caste and lower class urban males. This group numbers around 165 million. They have low levels of disposable income and, as men have much higher status than women, women are more likely to be confined to the home than men, though they still attend the cinema, in lesser numbers.
  • As the reach of media is much narrower in rural areas than in urban centres, the rural counterparts of the urban poor are a less accessible but much larger group. Both urban and rural poor have low levels of disposable income and film choices are made carefully.

Since males are the major theatre visitors, the filmmakers look deeply to the male audience perspective to market films.

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To understand this, (the number of times a female/male visit the theatre) a survey was conducted equally between the male and female. 

 

From the graph certain conclusions can be analysed:

  • From the survey, it is clear that men go to the theatre more than women
  • The percentage of male, always going to the theatre is more than that of the female. It was found that out of 123 respondents of males twenty-three of them visit the theatre most of the times and around 13 females visit the theatre in the same manner. The positive element that we get from this analysis is that the females going to the theatre is increasing.
  •  It’s evident from the graph that most people visit the theatre, not in a regular basis and the men going to the theatre is far more than the females.
  • Looking closely, it is found that women, number in visiting the theatre rarely is more than the males. The females who rarely visit the theatre is far more than those who went to the theatre. Whereas men who go to the theatre always is more in number than who rarely goes to the theatre.  In another study, where the respondents were only women, out of 241 respondents female who goes to theatre rarely is greater in number.
  • We could infer from the graph that the men going to the theatre is far more than women and hence our understanding of the male dominance in the theatre could be traced.
  • Thus to get the profit for the filmmakers, they always think from the male-dominant perspective, as most viewers are men. Majority of the respondents of this survey are from Kerala, one of the developed state in India. But if this is the situation of a literate state like Kerala, what would be the situation of all those other states where patriarchy is high?

 


Item Dance and The Marketing Strategy Behind it.

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  • Item dance is one of the major evil, discriminating women in the film industry. Majority of them are thrilled by the Item dances, while watching Indian films.
  • The term “item” is used as a slang word for an attractive and promiscuous woman in the film industry and so does in the society, consequently viewing a woman as a possessive piece of property that is subject to being owned and objectified by a man. From this slang word came the term “item number” or “item song” referring to a catchy and upbeat song featuring an attractive woman who is dancing for the pleasure and entertainment of her dominantly male audience
  • For an Indian woman in the spotlight, it seems near impossible to escape the male gaze. Female protagonists are often depicted as objects of desire: sexy, playful, coy, flirty, and decidedly feminine. Many a time they are arm candy, or props to the narratives of men
  • The concept of item dance in many films are logic-less and is not justified according to the demanded situation. For instance, In certain films after the introduction or after a fight, The hero get into a bar. There will be few beautiful girls in the bar who gets admired by the hero’s masculinity glamour, try to seduce him through dance and at last there will be more women and hero dancing with all of them~ Item dance end and hero go to love another girl and fight villains. 
  • Item Dances in the films are a marketing strategy for the promotion of the film. 

To know more about the opinion of the people on the topic whether item dance in films is a way of discriminating women, an online survey was conducted among 123 males and 123 females. The response were stunning.

  • From the graph, it is understood that the majority of the male respondents think, item dance is not discriminating women and in a way it convey the thoughts of promoting/supporting item dances in films.
  • Whereas the women consider the item dance as a discrimination against them. The majority of them support for removing item dance from movies.
  • We have described the item dance just being the marketing strategy to promote films and from the samples, it is clear that males look forward for item dances. So once again it’s clear that the filmmakers look toward a male perspective while making a film to make a profit.
  • Most commercial movies have item dances in it, especially Bollywood showcases high number of item dances. Apart from discriminating the women, item dances has fewer or no logic.
  • Majority of the female respondents are against to item dance as they feel offended by seeing it. The society has to realise that the women are no more the pleasure elements for the satisfaction of man and they have equal rights similar to that of men.
  • Most of the respondent in the survey are from Kerala. Unlike Bollywood, there are only less films with item dances in the second decade of twenty-first century, but the item dances from the film Madhuraraja, 916, Lucifer where all topics of debate in many social platforms.

Sexism and Misogyny in the Film Industry

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  • It is true that the support and cheers given by the audience to the sexism and misogynist dialogues, further lead the film makers to bring more such dialogues to the films.
  • In my last blog, I have mentioned few famous dialogues from movies like Narasimham and The King, where the male protagonist’s offensive and idiotic dialogues showered over the women character were highly appreciated by the audience. To know more get into the link:
  • https://mavelysdiary.wordpress.com/2020/04/15/patriarchy-in-indian-cinema/
  • Just think! why are the audience energetic/ enthusiastic to hear such dialogues? Do women like to hear such dialogue presentations? 

To understand the stance of Men and women, when they hear sexist/misogynist dialogues in the film, a survey was conducted.

ladies

  • From the results, it’s clear that the majority (67%) of the women agreed that they get offended when they hear discriminatory dialogues against them.
  • 26% of them at times get offended by such dialogue presentation.
  • 7% of the respondents do not get offended to such patriarchal dialogues.

Now lets look in to the male responses:

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  • From the graph, it’s clear that 43% of the male respondents are aware of the discrimination faced by women on the big screen.
  • 36 out of 123 (29%) of them get offended when they come across patriarchal dialogues. 
  • 28% per cent of them have no problem in hearing such dialogues

Comparing the respondent’s views we could see that Majority(67%) of the women get offended while hearing dialogues which contain the element of patriarchy in it whereas only 29% of men get offended to such dialogues. Also it’s visible that, around 28% of men have no offence in hearing sexist/misogynist dialogues. Maximizing the analysis, we could find that majority of the women in the society does not like to hear misogynist dialogues raised in the film industry.

The Choice of Actor/Actress

  • To understand the level of admiration, whether is towards male actors or to female actors the survey data were analysed.
  • The questionnaires were distributed among two fort six peoples, equally among male and female.
  • Out of this two forty-six respondents, one hundred and twenty called out the names of the male actors and only twenty-three called out female names. The mixed names and writing different answers were neglected.
  • From the names mentioned, the most called out name among the male actors was Mohanlal and the most called out name among the female actresses was Deepika Padukone.
  • This show that the rate of acting influences the audience more than the gender. On the other dimension we could also infer that more the screen appearances, the more are they recognised. Fewer the film appearance the least known.

admiration factor

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  • To get an idea about the genre of the film viewed by the more audience few films were listed out.
  • The list contains both women-centric as well as male-centric movies.
  • Narasimham topped the list with the most number of views. (335)
  • Uyare is in the second position with 329 viewers.
  • Fire(1996) is the film with the least viewers.

Among the top five viewed film list two are women concentric film, which is a good sign of a shift in the thoughts of people. The people start to look at the film making and the content of the film rather than the star acting in it. The attitude of the society toward patriarchy is changing and we could witness this through films like Raazi, padmaavath, 22 FK, Mary Kom, Neerja, English Vinglish, How old Are You..so on.


Women Warriors have raised to fight patriarchy and chauvinism in the Indian film Industry. They marked their signature in the film industry through their mind-blowing works. Things have started to change from then, The films with the women-centric concepts which projected the women oppressions and their feelings, were communicated through films by these women warriors. Two things happened then:

  • Society understood the plight of women oppression in a different part of the country and around the globe.
  • Even little girls, inspired by the women warriors started to dream about their career in film and film making.

In the next Blog we will look into the subject:

The Women Warriors; a Fight against the Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism in the Indian Film Industry.

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Looking forward to your valuable opinions, suggestions and critics…

… Stay Safe and Stay Tuned …