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Bhagat Singh~The Indian Revolutionary

Bhagat Singh~ The Indian Revolutionary

Bhagat Singh is one of the most famous revelationary in Indian Freedom Struggle and is known as Shaheed Bhagat Singh (Shaheed means martyr). He gave a new direction to the revolutionary movement and a goal beyond the elimination of the British. A clarity of vision and determination of purpose distinguished Bhagat Singh from other leaders of his time.

  • Born on 28 September 1907, in Lyallpur district of Panjab Province of British India (Now Pakistan).  His family was actively involved in the freedom struggle.
  • He studied European revolutionary movement and was widely attracted to the socialism.

He realised that the overthrow of British rule should be accompanied by the socialist reconstruction of Indian society and for this political power must be seized by the workers.

  • The incident of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre in 1919 increased his hatred towards the British Rule. He was 12 years old then.

He even collected the blood mixed soil and kept it as a memento that would serve as a motivation for him for his entire lifetime.

  • In 1923, Bhagat Singh won an essay competition set by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. This got the attention of the members of the organization including Prof. Bhim Sen Vidyalankar, its General Secretary. He read a lot of poetry and literature written by Punjabi writers and Allama Iqbal was his favourite poet.
  • Inspiring from the call of Mahatma Gandhi to participate in Non-cooperation movement, Bhagat Singh left the school and joined the movement in 1921.
  • However, in 1922, when Gandhiji suspended the Non-cooperation movement against violence at Chauri Chaura in Gorakhpur, Bhagat Singh was greatly disillusioned. His faith in non-violence weakened and he came to the conclusion that armed revolution was the only practical way of winning freedom.
  • Bhagat Singh joined in the Hindustan Republican Association at Kanpur. After the arrest of the leading figures of the association, he along with the youths formed Hindusthan Socialist Republican Association.
  • He circulated newspapers and notices in different languages to make people more aware about his motives.
  •  In 1928 he attended a meeting of the revolutionaries in Delhi and came into contact with Chandrasekhar Azad. They formed Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha with the objective of establishing a republic in India by means of an armed revolution.

  • In 1928, the British government set up the Simon Commission to report on the political situation in India. Some Indian political parties boycotted the Commission because there were no Indians in its membership, and there were protests across the country. When the Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led a march in protest against it. Police attempt to disperse the large crowd resulted in violence. The superintendent of police, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge (use batons against) the protesters and personally assaulted Rai, who was injured. Rai died of a heart attack on 17 November 1928. Doctors thought that his death might have been hastened by the injuries he had received. When the matter was raised in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the British Government denied any role in Rai’s death.

Shaheed Bhagat Singh respected and idolized Lala Lajpat Rai. So when Lala Lajpat Rai succumbed to injuries by the infamous lathi-charge led by superintendent of police, James A. Scott while protesting against the Simon Commission, Bhagat Singh decided to take revenge and kill Scott. He ended up killing John P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police.

  • Influenced by Auguste Vaillant, a French anarchist who had bombed the Chamber of Deputies in Paris, Singh’s plan was to explode a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly. The nominal intention was to protest against the Public Safety Bill, and the Trade Dispute Act, which had been rejected by the Assembly but were being enacted by the Viceroy using his special powers; the actual intention was for the perpetrators to allow themselves to be arrested so that they could use court appearances as a stage to publicise their cause.
  • On 8 April 1929, Singh, accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt, threw two bombs into the Assembly chamber from its public gallery while it was in session. The bombs had been designed not to kill, but some members, including George Ernest Schuster, the finance member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council, were injured. The smoke from the bombs filled the Assembly so that Singh and Dutt could probably have escaped in the confusion had they wished. Instead, they stayed shouting the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad!” (“Long Live the Revolution”) and threw leaflets. The two men were arrested and subsequently moved through a series of jails in Delhi.

On October 7, 1930, Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru were awarded death sentence by a special tribunal. Bhagat Singh wrote a letter to Viceroy Lord Irwin when he was in prison asking him to execute them not by hanging but by firing squad. But his plea was rejected and he was hanged on March 23, 1931, when he was only 24 years old.

 

Bhagat Singh’s contribution to the nation is highly remembered. He wanted his death to be the inspiration of thousands of youth at that time and for the generation to come.

 

He was hit with a bullet, yet he stayed quiet…..read more

 

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey

“यह आज़ादी की लड़ाई है …ग़ुज़रे हुए कल से आज़ादी … आने वाले कल के लिए”

 

  • An Indian Soldier, who plays a predominant role in the events preceding the rebellion of 1857.
  • Born in 19th July 1857 to a Brahmin Family, Pandey joined in the Bengal Army in 1849. (5th Company of the 34th Native Infantry)
  • The East India Company introduced reforms that were completely unfair and unjust. They made the use of bullet cartridge which were used in P-53, Enfield rifle for all soldiers.
  • These cartridges were coated with a grease membrane that have to cut by teeth before loading. Since this membrane was extracted from the fat of either cow or pig, which was offensive for both Hindus and Muslims.  The Indian troops in some regiments were of the opinion that this was an intentional act of the British, with the aim of defiling their religions.
  • When all other attempts and uproar failed to change this phenomenon, on March 29, 1857, Mangal Pandey launched an open mutiny at Barrackpore in Kolkata. He rebelled and killed many British officers for their cruel and inhuman nature towards his countrymen.
  • He along with his men attacked the sergeant Major Hudson which lead to a tough situation of battle on the army ground.
  • Mangal Pandey was surrounded by the British soldiers, but he collapsed after firing a bullet on his own chest.
  • It is said that even when there was a bullet in his chest, he kept quiet and have not revealed the names of his fellow co-conspirators.
  • He was hanged on 29th March 1857.
  • To commemorate the brave soldier, the Indian government issued a postage stamp with his image in 1984.
  •  A movie on the life and journey of Mangal Pandey was released in 2005, where Aamir Khan played the titular role.

She was known as the “Mickey Mouse” of Gandhi…Read More.

 

The Nightingale of India~ Sarojini Naidu

The Nightingale of India~ Sarojini Naidu

The Nightingale of India~ Sarojini Naidu

A women who stood for Female Rights- A true inspiration for promoting Feminism in India

As long as I have life, as long as blood flows through this arm of mine, I shall not leave the cause of freedom…I am only a woman, only a poet. But as a woman, I give to you the weapons of faith and courage and the shield of fortitude. And as a poet, I fling out the banner of song and sound, the bugle call to battle. How shall I kindle the flame which shall waken you men from slavery”

  • She started her career in literature at the age of 12 by writing a play named Maher Muneer. The play received wide recognition and praises.
  • She received a scholarship at the age of 16 from the Nizam of Hyderabad and went to London King’s College. There, Nobel Laureates Arthur Simon and Edmond Gausse advised her to focus on Indian themes for writing.
  • She became an incredible poet of the 20th century by expressing her feelings, emotions and her experiences through poems.
  • During her college days, she falls in love with a non-Brahmin physicist named Padipati Govindarajulu Naidu. She married him at the age of 19.

Her fight for freedom began when the viceroy of India, Partitioned Bengal.

  • She met  Gopal Krishna Gokhale through whom she came into contact with several prominent faces of India’s freedom struggle including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindranath Tagore and Annie Besant.
  • She was urged by Gokhale to use her intellect for the cause and she dedicated herself to politics and Indian freedom movement, taking a respite from writing.
  • Between 1915 and 1918, Naidu travelled to different regions in India delivering lectures on social welfare, the emancipation of women and Nationalism and established Women’s Indian Association in 1917.
  • In 1916 she fought against the Brtish for the rights of farmers in Champaran, Bihar who were forced by the Britishers to grow Indigo instead for the food crops they used to grow for their survival.
  • Naidu was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal by the British government for her work during the plague epidemic in India, which she later returned in protest over the April 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
  • Naidu again went to London in 1919 as a part of the All India Home Rule League as a part of her continued efforts to advocate for freedom from the British rule. Upon return to India in 1920, she joined Gandhi’s Satyagraha Movement.

Sarojini Naidu presided in the annual session of Indian National Congress (INC) in 1925, and also became the president of the INC.

Naidu said in her address, “In the battle for liberty, fear is one unforgivable treachery and despair, the one unforgivable sin”.

  • Sarojini Naidu participated in the Salt Satyagraha with many other women protesters at Dharsana Salt Works in Gujarat.
  • Naidu was arrested, along with other Congress leaders including Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Madan Mohan Malaviya for participating in 1930 Salt March.
  • Naidu was one of the major figures to have led the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement led by Gandhi. She faced repeated arrests by the British authorities during the time and even spent over 21 months in jail.

Sarojini Naidu was the first female governor of India – she served as the Governor of United Provinces in Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949.

  • She died on 2 March 1949 due to cardiac arrest at the Government House in Lucknow. She had been the strongest advocate of the Father of the Nation “Gandhiji” and had supported him in every ideology to make India free form the British rule. She was nicknamed as Mahatma Gandhi’s “Mickey Mouse”.

Jhansi Rani fall from the horse, but no British soldiers identified her as she was wearing…..Read more

 

The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

  • After the death of Gangadhar Rao, King of Jhansi ( to whom, Laxmi Bahi was married in the age of 7) rani was coronated as the queen of Jhansi.
  • The Britishers took advantage of the lack of experience of the queen and demanded the control of her kingdom. But they were wrong! Rani was strong and determined for her kingdom.
  • Since there was no biological male heir, the kingdom was annexed to British Raj by Governor-General of India under Doctrine of Lapse.
  • Rani adopted a son, but Lord Dalhousie did not consider Damodar Rao as a biological heir and sent the message of merging Jhansi into British.

But Rani, was courageous and was not ready to surrender her land to the invaders

  • She formed an army, including both women and men and trained them in Military techniques.
  • The incident of Britishers looting common people, killing women and children in Jhansi, strengthen her decision to fight against Britishers.

Along with her army, she fought against the Britishers for almost two weeks. She carried her adopted son Damodar Rao on her back and took a sword in each hand, and killed many British soldiers. Her attack have made the British Army to set back from the fight.

  • But later in 18th June 1958, the British attacked the Gwalior and entered into Jhansi.
  • Rani decided to break the military front and while she was trying to break it she came across a garden.
  • Since she was riding a new horse, she felt difficult to control it.
  • Ultimately she fell and got injured. Since Rani was in male warrior costume, the Britishers didn’t recognize her and they left her.
  • Rani’s servant helped her up and gave her ‘gangajal’, which is considered a holy water.
  • Her last wish was that she should not be touched a Britisher, and hence was burn by a hermit.

Reference:

https://indiathedestiny.com/freedom-movement/rani-lakshmi-bhai-symbol-courage-bravery/

 

 

Best Highlights of NEP 2020 in Graduation Levels.

Best Highlights of The National Education Policy 2020 in Graduation Levels.

4-year of Undergraduate programme FYUP

  • NEP 2020 adopted a four year  UG programme, which was earlier proposed by Dinesh Singh ( former V-C of DU)
  • In FYUP, the conventional three-year Bachelor’s degrees will remain, there will now be a four-year “multi-disciplinary” Bachelor’s programme.
  • Students opting for a three-year Bachelor’s programme can choose a two-year Master’s programme which could be followed by a PhD.
  • Students opting for the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research can go for a one-year Master’s which is expected to make students ready for a PhD programme.
  • To enrol for a PhD, a Master’s degree or the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research is now mandatory; it is not clear whether this is referring to a year-long or a two-year Master’s degree(In Defence of MPhil, n.d.).

Dropping out? Don’t worry you ‘ll gain your credit!

Best Highlights of NEP 2020 in Graduation Levels.

According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, In this decade there is an increase in students opting for higher education but the survey also showed that the people who are dropping out is also increasing. We have discussed the example of fish who understand its passion later in their life; Drop out happen when the students have no more interest in continuing the education or when he/she identifies his passion in a different subject. If someone drops the course, what he/she earns is knowledge related to that course and countless shame.

  • NEP 2020 focus on giving credits even though one could not complete his full education.
  • If a student drops in the first year, the student will get a certificate.
  • If the student drops in the second year, will get a Diploma.
  • The students completing the third year will get a bachelor’s degree.
  • The student completing the fourth year will receive a bachelor’s degree with research.

Flexibility in Subject.

As per the second NEP (1986), the students were not having enough freedom to chose their combinations of subjects. The students could only make their selection after the tenth standard. (  Computer science, bio maths, commerce…). Even in college, the students have to go with the complimentary coursed decided by the department.

  • The NEP 2020 envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, and integration of vocational education.
  • Now the students could choose the subjects according to their passion ie: if a student like chemistry and maths but hate physics, he/she could choose another subject.
  • This will help the students to learn different dimensions as per their passions.
  • The students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed until now.
  • This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
  • . There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.

Going Glocal!

  • According to the new National Education Policy, foreign universities will now be able to operate in India.
  • This move will add ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save them a lot on dollars. It will also raise the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
  • The move will allow 200 top global universities to operate in India and provide quality education and raise standards of India varsities as well.

Know more about National Education Policy 2020

Summing up, the new NEP 2020, the policy has brought many significant changes to the Education especially focusing on a “modern-demand” of education. The NEP 2020 was widely accepted by the education experts, teachers and students all over the nation. The base put forward by the Narendra Modi’s Government in the education system has become a success but the real essence lies in the implementation of the NEP 2020, which have to be catered from the top cities to the rural areas of the nation.

What you feel best/your opinion about National Education Policy 2020??

Use the Comment box to express your ideas…

 

Checkout The New Exam Pattern of The NEP 2020.

Checkout The New Exam Pattern of The NEP 2020.

The concept of exam is a terror for all, even at times we used to curse the one who invented the exam because no exams are students friendly. If you get a good score you have to maintain that score for the entire life and if you have less score you have to hear the whole people comparing you with others. Hey! the good news is..we have a hope…

How National Education Policy 2020 addresses the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System?

  • According to NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
  • Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
  • The results of school examinations will be used only for developmental purposes and for continuous monitoring and improvement of the schooling system.

The New Exam Pattern of The NEP 2020.

 

A Holistic Progress card…

The NEP 2020 has brought a multidimensional progress card which include:

  • Self-assessment, peer assessment and teachers assessment.
  • The card not only include your cognitive analysis but also your social-emotional and psychological assessment.
  • the report will include progress in project-based and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group work, portfolios, etc., to be included in report cards.

Click here to Know how National Education Policy 2020 overcomes the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System.

 

wow NEP 2020! The new structure of school education.

The new structure of school education in the NEP 2020.

The (5+3+3+4) structure

Before:

  • The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
  • Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
  • The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
  • After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).

The new structure of school education in the NEP 2020.

Now according to the National Education Policy 2020:

  • The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
  • 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
  • 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
  • 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
  • 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).

Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.

  • The age for Right to Education has extended.
  • Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
  • This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
  • Also before, the students get free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
  • According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).

 More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.

  • As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
  • A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
  • By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
  • Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.

The National Education Policy 2020- A hope to all Indians.

The National Education Policy 2020- A hope to all Indians…

The union cabinet on 29th July 2020 approved the new National Education Policy 2020. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020(HT, 2020).

Aim– To make “India a global knowledge superpower”

 Renaming MHRD to Ministry of Education

The last National Education Policy which was introduced by Rajeev Gandhi in 1986 which renamed the ministry as the Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) and P V Narasimha Rao served as the first minister of MHRD. On last Wednesday, while presenting the third NEP 2020 of India, announced the renaming of MHRD as the Ministry of Education.

Major Highlights of NEP 2020, pulling down the existing Drawbacks

The (5+3+3+4) structure

Before:

  • The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
  • Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
  • The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
  • After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).

Now:

  • The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
  • 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
  • 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
  • 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
  • 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).

Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.

  • The age for Right to Education has extended.
  • Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
  • This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
  • Also before, the students get free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
  • According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).

What are the Drawbacks of Indian Education System?

 More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.

  • As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
  • A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
  • By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
  • Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.

The New Exam Pattern

The concept of exam is a terror for all, even at times we used to curse the one who invented the exam because no exams are students friendly. If you get a good score you have to maintain that score for the entire life and if you have less score you have to hear the whole people comparing you with others. Hey! the good news is..we have a hope….

How National Education Policy 2020 addresses the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System?

  • According to NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
  • Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
  • The results of school examinations will be used only for developmental purposes and for continuous monitoring and improvement of the schooling system.

 

A Holistic Progress card…

The NEP 2020 has brought a multidimensional progress card which include:

  • Self-assessment, peer assessment and teachers assessment.
  • The card not only include your cognitive analysis but also your social-emotional and psychological assessment.
  • the report will include progress in project-based and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group work, portfolios, etc., to be included in report cards.

Best Highlights of NEP-2020 in Graduation Levels.

4-year of Undergraduate programme FYUP

  • NEP 2020 adopted a four year  UG programme, which was earlier proposed by Dinesh Singh ( former V-C of DU)
  • In FYUP, the conventional three-year Bachelor’s degrees will remain, there will now be a four-year “multi-disciplinary” Bachelor’s programme.
  • Students opting for a three-year Bachelor’s programme can choose a two-year Master’s programme which could be followed by a PhD.
  • Students opting for the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research can go for a one-year Master’s which is expected to make students ready for a PhD programme.
  • To enrol for a PhD, a Master’s degree or the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research is now mandatory; it is not clear whether this is referring to a year-long or a two-year Master’s degree(In Defence of MPhil, n.d.).

Dropping out? Don’t worry you ‘ll gain your credit!

According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, In this decade there is an increase in students opting for higher education but the survey also showed that the people who are dropping out is also increasing. We have discussed the example of fish who understand its passion later in their life; Drop out happen when the students have no more interest in continuing the education or when he/she identifies his passion in a different subject. If someone drops the course, what he/she earns is knowledge related to that course and countless shame.

  • NEP 2020 focus on giving credits even though one could not complete his full education.
  • If a student drops in the first year, the student will get a certificate.
  • If the student drops in the second year, will get a Diploma.
  • The students completing the third year will get a bachelor’s degree.
  • The student completing the fourth year will receive a bachelor’s degree with research.

Flexibility in Subject.

As per the second NEP (1986), the students were not having enough freedom to chose their combinations of subjects. The students could only make their selection after the tenth standard. (  Computer science, bio maths, commerce…). Even in college, the students have to go with the complimentary coursed decided by the department.

  • The NEP 2020 envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, and integration of vocational education.
  • Now the students could choose the subjects according to their passion ie: if a student like chemistry and maths but hate physics, he/she could choose another subject.
  • This will help the students to learn different dimensions as per their passions.
  • The students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed until now.
  • This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
  • . There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.

Going Glocal!

  • According to the new National Education Policy, foreign universities will now be able to operate in India.
  • This move will add ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save them a lot on dollars. It will also raise the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
  • The move will allow 200 top global universities to operate in India and provide quality education and raise standards of India varsities as well.

Controversy in National Education Policy 2020

  • In a segment called ‘multilingualism, and power of language’, the new National Education Policy (NEP) says “wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language”.
  • “Experts have found when a child is born he starts learning in his home language. It is not just in our country, in countries like France and Germany and even Nobel laureates have admitted that their knowledge of science or any other subject has been better when they studied it in their language,” Kasturirangan said.
  • However, the policy gravely misses out on the factor that many students come from other states and might not know the regional or local language. As a result, its effort to promote diversity and pluricultural in language may go futile.

Summing up, the new NEP 2020, the policy has brought many significant changes to the Education especially focusing on a “modern-demand” of education. The NEP 2020 was widely accepted by the education experts, teachers and students all over the nation. The base put forward by the Narendra Modi’s Government in the education system has become a success but the real essence lies in the implementation of the NEP 2020, which have to be catered from the top cities to the rural areas of the nation.

What you feel best/your opinion about National Education Policy 2020??

Use the Comment box to express your ideas…

How National Education Policy 2020 Address the Existing Drawbacks of Indian Education System?

The Union Cabinet approved the first National Education Policy 2020 (NEP) of the 21st century on 29th July 2020. The NEP 2020 received large appreciation from the experts, teachers and students as it addresses the modern demands of the education and bring a holistic dimension to the education. The policy also addressed several drawbacks of the present education system.

Briefing the Major Drawbacks of Indian Education System?

The Indian literacy rate has shown a significant improvement in the past decade with the updated technologies and new government measures but thinking deeply in a practical manner (well I am not able to think in a practical manner!) do the Indian Education System impart an effective education? Could the existing education system help to meet the modern days demand? well, my answer is no! Here are a few reasons:

The basic belief on education.

There is a belief that education means Gradeeee. Never! grades and marks you score are just a small part of the education. But then what is a real Education? I would quote Mahatma Gandhi’s ideology there; Education as a holistic approach where Gandhiji believed life-centred and child-centred education. So my dear reader, If your child/student/friend is good in farming, that is an education; if they learn to sing, that is also an education, if they know fashion, is an education; good in sports, education and even if they know reading, writing and arithmetic, that is also an education. The NEP 2020 follows a Holistic approach and is a hope for the upcoming generation.

Exam Centric Curriculum!

The basic standard to measure a well-educated person as per the Indian Education system is the grade/qualification they receive and not based on the skill. From a young age, the parents and teachers squeeze the child to reproduce a good score for their final examinations, wrapping down the child’s potentials and preferences. Who is to be blamed? I would say neither the parent nor the teachers, but the system which made them like that.

The system which makes the student to eat the entire book for the examinations, the system in which the teachers complete the entire portion by three months and prepare the students to score high marks in the examinations. At the end, the ones with high scores will be under the institution’s glory list and rest under the institutions’ sorry list!

Know how the new education policy tackle this problem.

WIll a Fish climb a tree?? Yes, they will!

You may be familiar with this poster, explaining the Indian Education System:

Definitely the fish will climb the tree because the Indian education is good in building average climbers!!! But, later in the life, the fish will realise that they are more passionate and astonishing in swimming. The question is why they don’t realise this before? Maybe its because our education system was busy preparing question papers for final exams and most of the prepared question papers have nothing to do with our future.  This is why APJ Abdul Kalam said:

“When the students pass out of senior secondary schools, they should have two certificates – of passing 10+2 examination and of a specific skill acquired by him during schooling,”.

According to him, besides the normal curriculum, the children should receive special training towards one skill set which will offer an extra certification which will not only help them get a job after school but also make them aware of how real-world industries function(IndiaToday, 2015).

Drop out? The NEP 2020 has an awesome solution for the Graduates and Post Graduates.

Presenting the Academic Pressure Cooker!

The three groups of people that every student is worried in their education life are 1) Parents 2) Teachers and 3) Neighbours. Most of the students study to convince any/all of the numbered group. If you get good marks in exams its a task for you to maintain the consistency of marks in all exams otherwise you will have to hear this  “Hayyo! What happened to you?”. If you are bad at studies you ll hear “You shameless idiot! just watch and learn from Raju uncle’s Son”.

So from childhood, the pressure starts:

  • From class 1-9-  Trying to be the topper of the class by writing the notes, byhearting it and writing those byhearted notes in paper.
  • From 10 – Turning Point of Life ( People randomly meet us, just to say this)-We have to get good grades and percentages to get admission in good schools for our class 11–12.
  • Class 11th- If we take science then we are considered a good student or else if we take arts/commerce then we are considered average or below-average student. No good student wants to have a below-average tag with them so there is only one option if you are good in studies, Go for science!! and if we take bio-maths, we could land up either as Doctor or Engineer(Wow!)
  • Class 12th board- Here comes the greater war. we have to get the best possible percentage in 12th board because the neighbours will start comparing us if we get less mark than that expected mark (expected mark=neighbours brain molecules who built an expectation level for us).
  • Now, we go to some college and would be busy mugging up things, completing assignment and lab notebooks and we ask ourself  “Why I am learning to weld to be a biotechnology engineer”

If one could keep high grades throughout your academics, Congrats and cheers! he/she becomes the part of those 0.1% whom we call as successful people. Else we would continue to be an average person or just like a fish who learned about its passion for swimming very lately.

In short, in Indian Education System we write Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, then Job……

The mismatch on What one study and What one Does!

Let us begin within few statistics:

  • Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy’s survey state that the growth rate of jobs halves as education level rise and from the graph it is evident that, the more educated the less percentage of growth. ie; those educated between 6th and 9th saw the addition of 18 million jobs, implying an increase of 26% of jobs whereas those with graduation and post-graduation saw small growth in jobs.
  • We can conclude from this that most of us invest our strengths (money, time and thoughts) in studies and what we earn is something very different. This is a crucial problem of the Indian Education System.

Let me share my own experience, I did my graduation in physics but now I am a social worker, I realised that my passion is not in physics and is for serving society in the middle of the physics graduation (2nd year). I used to regret my wrong decision at times but I used to suppress those feeling by thinking how I enjoyed my graduation period. There are many cases like this around us, the people who realise the real passion of him/her in later life. What if we had a medium to address our preferences and our passions rather than misinterpretations and mismatched decisions. This situation will lead to a Limbo Period (a period where you don’t know what to do or what decision to be taken).

 The National Education Policy 2020- A hope to all Indians…

The union cabinet on 29th July 2020 approved the new National Education Policy 2020. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020(HT, 2020).

Aim– To make “India a global knowledge superpower”

 Renaming MHRD to Ministry of Education

The last National Education Policy which was introduced by Rajeev Gandhi in 1986 which renamed the ministry as the Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) and P V Narasimha Rao served as the first minister of MHRD. On last Wednesday, while presenting the third NEP 2020 of India, announced the renaming of MHRD as the Ministry of Education.

Major Highlights of NEP 2020, pulling down the existing Drawbacks

Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.

  • The age for Right to Education has extended.
  • Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
  • This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
  • Also before, the students only got free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
  • According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).

The (5+3+3+4) structure

Before:

  • The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
  • Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
  • The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
  • After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).

Now:

  • The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
  • 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
  • 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
  • 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
  • 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).

 More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.

  • As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
  • A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
  • By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
  • Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.

The New Exam Pattern

The concept of exam is a terror for all, even at times we used to curse the one who invented the exam because no exams are students friendly. If you get a good score you have to maintain that score for the entire life and if you have less score you have to hear the whole people comparing you with others. Hey! the good news is..we have a hope…

How National Education Policy 2020 addresses the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System?

  • According to NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
  • Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
  • The results of school examinations will be used only for developmental purposes and for continuous monitoring and improvement of the schooling system.

 

A Holistic Progress card…

The NEP 2020 has brought a multidimensional progress card which include:

  • Self-assessment, peer assessment and teachers assessment.
  • The card not only include your cognitive analysis but also your social-emotional and psychological assessment.
  • the report will include progress in project-based and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group work, portfolios, etc., to be included in report cards.

Best Highlights of NEP-2020 in Graduation Levels.

4-year of Undergraduate programme FYUP

  • NEP 2020 adopted a four year  UG programme, which was earlier proposed by Dinesh Singh ( former V-C of DU)
  • In FYUP, the conventional three-year Bachelor’s degrees will remain, there will now be a four-year “multi-disciplinary” Bachelor’s programme.
  • Students opting for a three-year Bachelor’s programme can choose a two-year Master’s programme which could be followed by a PhD.
  • Students opting for the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research can go for a one-year Master’s which is expected to make students ready for a PhD programme.
  • To enrol for a PhD, a Master’s degree or the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research is now mandatory; it is not clear whether this is referring to a year-long or a two-year Master’s degree(In Defence of MPhil, n.d.).

Dropping out? Don’t worry you ‘ll gain your credit!

According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, In this decade there is an increase in students opting for higher education but the survey also showed that the people who are dropping out is also increasing. We have discussed the example of fish, who understand its passion later in its life; Drop out happen when the students have no more interest in continuing the education or when he/she identifies ones passion in a different subject. If someone drops the course, what he/she earns is knowledge related to that course and countless shame.

  • NEP 2020 focus on giving credits even though one could not complete his full education.
  • If a student drops in the first year, the student will get a certificate.
  • If the student drops in the second year, will get a Diploma.
  • The students completing the third year will get a bachelor’s degree.
  • The student completing the fourth year will receive a bachelor’s degree with research.

Flexibility in Subject.

As per the second NEP (1986), the students were not having enough freedom to chose their combinations of subjects. The students could only make their selection after the tenth standard. (  Computer science, bio maths, commerce…). Even in college, the students have to go with the complimentary coursed decided by the department.

  • The NEP 2020 envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, and integration of vocational education.
  • Now the students could choose the subjects according to their passion ie: if a student like chemistry and maths but hate physics, he/she could choose another subject.
  • This will help the students to learn different dimensions as per their passions.
  • The students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed until now.
  • This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
  • There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.

Going Glocal!

  • According to the new National Education Policy, foreign universities will now be able to operate in India.
  • This move will add ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save them a lot on dollars. It will also raise the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
  • The move will allow 200 top global universities to operate in India and provide quality education and raise standards of India varsities as well.

Controversy in National Education Policy 2020

  • In a segment called ‘multilingualism, and power of language’, the new National Education Policy (NEP) says “wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language”.
  • “Experts have found when a child is born he starts learning in his home language. It is not just in our country, in countries like France and Germany and even Nobel laureates have admitted that their knowledge of science or any other subject has been better when they studied it in their language,” Kasturirangan said.
  • However, the policy gravely misses out on the factor that many students come from other states and might not know the regional or local language. As a result, its effort to promote diversity and pluricultural in language may go futile.

Summing up, the new NEP 2020, has brought many significant changes to the Education especially focusing on a “modern-demand” of education. The NEP 2020 was widely accepted by the education experts, teachers and students all over the nation. The base put forward by the Narendra Modi’s Government in the education system has become a success but the real essence lies in the implementation of the NEP 2020, which have to be catered from the top cities to the rural areas of the nation.

What is your opinion about the National Education Policy 2020??

Use the Comment box to express your ideas…

References:

Brief History.pdf. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://www.mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/document-reports/Brief%20History.pdf
Cognitive Learning Theory—The Peak Performance Center. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://thepeakperformancecenter.com/educational-learning/learning/theories/cognitive-learning-theory/
HT. (2020, July 29). New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: School and higher education to see major changes. Hindustan Times. https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/new-education-policy-2020-live-updates-important-takeaways/story-yYm1QaeNyFW4uTTU3g9bJO.html
In defence of MPhil: Why the degree should not be discontinued. (n.d.). The Week. Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://www.theweek.in/news/india/2020/07/30/in-defence-of-mphil-why-the-degree-should-not-be-discontinued.html
IndiaToday, : (2015). A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s expectations from the Indian education system. India Today. https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/featurephilia/story/a.p.j.-abdul-kalams-expectations-from-the-indian-education-system-285156-2015-07-28
Key issues that Indian education system is facing. (2019, May 6). The Financial Express. https://www.financialexpress.com/education-2/key-issues-that-indian-education-system-is-facing/1568737/
More students opt for higher education, but even more drop out: Survey—Times of India. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/education/news/More-students-opt-for-higher-education-but-even-more-drop-out-Survey/articleshow/22176026.cms
Nanda, P. K. (2020, July 29). What does the New Education Policy say about language of instructions? Livemint. https://www.livemint.com/news/india/what-does-the-new-education-policy-say-about-language-of-instructions-11596041008782.html
National Education Policy 2020.pdf. (n.d.). Google Docs. Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://drive.google.com/file/d/1dgjvt3S8pQ320fBEqZaDpZADTOuMJweq/view?usp=sharing&usp=embed_facebook
National Education Policy foreign universities can set up campuses India NEP 2020 reforms features | Education News – India TV. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from https://www.indiatvnews.com/education/news-national-education-policy-foreign-universities-can-set-up-campuses-india-nep-2020-reforms-features-638216
New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: Key takeaways of NEP to make India a ‘global knowledge superpower’. (2020a, July 29). Hindustan Times. https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/new-education-policy-2020-highlights-key-takeaways-of-nep-to-make-india-a-global-knowledge-superpower/story-eIXTkJrcNJHhXdshWDpu1I.html
New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: School and higher education to see major changes. (2020b, July 29). Hindustan Times. https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/new-education-policy-2020-live-updates-important-takeaways/story-yYm1QaeNyFW4uTTU3g9bJO.html
Understanding the National Education Policy 2020. (2020, July 30). Finshots. https://finshots.in/archive/understand-national-education-policy-2020/
Why India Should Worry About Its Educated, but Unemployed, Youth. (n.d.). The Wire. Retrieved 30 July 2020, from https://thewire.in/labour/why-india-should-worry-about-its-educated-but-unemployed-youth

 

Details! PUBG Banned in India

Details! PUBG Banned in India

Details! PUBG Banned in India

PUBG – A Brief Introduction

Player Unknown Battle Ground (PUBG), an online multiplayer battleground game which is developed by a South Korean video game company called Bluehole.  The game launched in 2017 for Microsoft Windows, but made accessible as a free to play mobile version for android as well as iOS in 2018. The game received greater reviews from the critics and was also nominated for the categories “Game of the Year” and “Best Ongoing Game” at the Game awards. The game also received the 35th Golden Joystick award for best PC game and 36th Joystick award for best mobile game(‘PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds’, 2020).

The Indian Digital Strike.

  • The Military standoff in Sino -Indian border from the month of may has led to aggressive melee, face-offs and skirmishes among both countries.
  • In order to save the country’s sovereignty and security, the government of India decided to ban 59 Chinese apps in the first phase.
  • Apps like, TikTok, Helo and WeChat, UC Browser and ShareIT are some of the prominent apps which were banned by the Indian Government.
  • In the second phase of the digital strike, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) took the decision to ban 47 more Chinese apps.
  • Another 275 apps are under the radar of the Indian Government as those apps could hinder national security.

    PUBG BANNED IN INDIA

    On Wednesday, September 2020 the Ministry of information and technology banned PUBG along with other 117 apps were banned in India.

Is PUBG a Chinese Game??

  • PUBG  was developed and published by PUBG Corporation, a subsidiary of South Korean video game company Bluehole.
  • Initially was made available for Microsoft Windows through the Steam store.
  • The PUBG game became a part of the Chinese market when the Bluehole company( South Korean) partnered with China’s biggest gaming company which is Tencent (Chinese).
  • Tencent introduced PUBG MOBILE, a mobile version of the game and that is how it became a Chinese App.

Is PUBG banned in India?

Even though many in the country support banning the Chinese apps to ensure the digital security of the nation, the PUBG fans have requested the authorities not to include the game in the ban list.

PUBG BANNED IN INDIA

On Wednesday, September 2020 the Ministry of information and technology banned PUBG along with other 117 apps were banned in India.

 

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