Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism in Indian Film Industry, Part- II; Analysis of the Survey.

The status of women in many countries has increased post-globalization. They started to represent in different organisations, the gender gap in the payment system decreased and legislation were made to stand for their rights. In India, even though the impact of globalization has strengthened the women movements and their rights, the patriarchal values existing in the society discriminate women in different ways. This discrimination is very high in the film industry as Films are the reflection of the society and vice versa.

Film is a reflection of society, both present and past. I think the film and it’s innovations sometimes has to catch up to society but sometimes it leads society too. Movies are stories, movies are people who come out with ideas about something they want to say, something they want to tell someone. Movies are a form of communication and that communication, those stories, come from societies- not just where society is presently and what it’s doing now- but where society has been. It’s been that way for as long as movies have been around!

Tom Sherak

Before getting to the blog :

Indian Cinema & the Society


  • The societal beliefs and value system influence the film industry and vice versa. Cinema is one of the medium which brings new trends and lifestyles in the society.
  • From its birth, the Indian film industry has brought out new trends and revolutions through powerful films.
  • From the old style of MGR to the coeval actors, there were numerous adaptation of styles by the common people.
  • For Instance, The Malayalam movie Honey Bee, a trend changing movie in Mollywood which depicts the story of youth and film have brought a new wave among the youth with new slangs like “bro”, “freak”, “machan” along with new generation dressing. Like this, each film has an impact in the society.
  • On the other hand, the impact of the society in the film also plays a large part. Thus the society and film are interrelated.


  • Even being one of the largest film industry, Indian film Industry still reflects patriarchy and male chauvinism.
  • The patriarchy that exists in the society reflects on the screen. The societal value system which treats women as a divine or good homemaker still exist all over the community. 
  • A film depend on the power structure of the society, which in India is male-is dominated. The Directors take preferences of taking film that go in hand with the societal mores and norms. Since the Indian society is made up of patriarchal values and beliefs, the same get reflected in the big screen.

The Religious aspects affecting the Film.


  • Indians are entangled by high beliefs and value system through religion and religious scriptures. Most of the religions consider women to be a divine home maker and to be the subordinate of men.
  • They give the men complete power to be dominant in the society. The evil practices of Sati, Child marriage and fate of a widow were all brought to the society by religion.
  • Empowering women through the medium of cinema is tough for the filmmakers as they will have to face consequences from the majority of people who belief in the power system.
  • Deepa Mehtas Fire and water were one among them, as both film shows the freedom of women but were denied by the society. The telecasting of the films were stopped by the RSS, saying that those were against Manusmrithi. 

The Marketing Strategy of films upholding the Patriarchy


Marketing and publicity, initially represent about five to ten per cent of a film’s success at the box office but today it determines up to fifty per cent of a film’s success. 

Economic liberalisation created a new wave in the marketing strategy of the Indian film Industry. Traditionally, Hindi films were screened in large single-screen theatres with separate seating sections that catered to people from a wide range of social classes and demographics. 

  • Thus, a filmmaker could not make a niche film if he expected to make profits as a theatre owner needed to sell a thousand seat hall. The goal was to make a “super hit” film that would appeal to everyone.
  • While traditional notions of masculinity are still at play, mass media also influences the constructions of gender identity. Cinema halls in India are an extremely gendered space, primarily occupied by young men.
  • Indian male filmgoers enjoy watching male stars, making them objects of their affection. These on-screen images of male stars are objects of the filmgoers’ gaze, while also promoting a strong identification that leads male audience members to view themselves as “framed by the looks of others.”
  • This is manifested in imitation of the stars’ style and swagger. Young men in particular copy the clothes, hairstyles and mannerisms of both heroes and villains, often memorizing whole chunks of dialogues.
  • The largest film audiences come from poor lower caste and lower class urban males. This group numbers around 165 million. They have low levels of disposable income and, as men have much higher status than women, women are more likely to be confined to the home than men, though they still attend the cinema, in lesser numbers.
  • As the reach of media is much narrower in rural areas than in urban centres, the rural counterparts of the urban poor are a less accessible but much larger group. Both urban and rural poor have low levels of disposable income and film choices are made carefully.

Since males are the major theatre visitors, the filmmakers look deeply to the male audience perspective to market films.


To understand this, (the number of times a female/male visit the theatre) a survey was conducted equally between the male and female. 


From the graph certain conclusions can be analysed:

  • From the survey, it is clear that men go to the theatre more than women
  • The percentage of male, always going to the theatre is more than that of the female. It was found that out of 123 respondents of males twenty-three of them visit the theatre most of the times and around 13 females visit the theatre in the same manner. The positive element that we get from this analysis is that the females going to the theatre is increasing.
  •  It’s evident from the graph that most people visit the theatre, not in a regular basis and the men going to the theatre is far more than the females.
  • Looking closely, it is found that women, number in visiting the theatre rarely is more than the males. The females who rarely visit the theatre is far more than those who went to the theatre. Whereas men who go to the theatre always is more in number than who rarely goes to the theatre.  In another study, where the respondents were only women, out of 241 respondents female who goes to theatre rarely is greater in number.
  • We could infer from the graph that the men going to the theatre is far more than women and hence our understanding of the male dominance in the theatre could be traced.
  • Thus to get the profit for the filmmakers, they always think from the male-dominant perspective, as most viewers are men. Majority of the respondents of this survey are from Kerala, one of the developed state in India. But if this is the situation of a literate state like Kerala, what would be the situation of all those other states where patriarchy is high?


Item Dance and The Marketing Strategy Behind it.



  • Item dance is one of the major evil, discriminating women in the film industry. Majority of them are thrilled by the Item dances, while watching Indian films.
  • The term “item” is used as a slang word for an attractive and promiscuous woman in the film industry and so does in the society, consequently viewing a woman as a possessive piece of property that is subject to being owned and objectified by a man. From this slang word came the term “item number” or “item song” referring to a catchy and upbeat song featuring an attractive woman who is dancing for the pleasure and entertainment of her dominantly male audience
  • For an Indian woman in the spotlight, it seems near impossible to escape the male gaze. Female protagonists are often depicted as objects of desire: sexy, playful, coy, flirty, and decidedly feminine. Many a time they are arm candy, or props to the narratives of men
  • The concept of item dance in many films are logic-less and is not justified according to the demanded situation. For instance, In certain films after the introduction or after a fight, The hero get into a bar. There will be few beautiful girls in the bar who gets admired by the hero’s masculinity glamour, try to seduce him through dance and at last there will be more women and hero dancing with all of them~ Item dance end and hero go to love another girl and fight villains. 
  • Item Dances in the films are a marketing strategy for the promotion of the film. 

To know more about the opinion of the people on the topic whether item dance in films is a way of discriminating women, an online survey was conducted among 123 males and 123 females. The response were stunning.

  • From the graph, it is understood that the majority of the male respondents think, item dance is not discriminating women and in a way it convey the thoughts of promoting/supporting item dances in films.
  • Whereas the women consider the item dance as a discrimination against them. The majority of them support for removing item dance from movies.
  • We have described the item dance just being the marketing strategy to promote films and from the samples, it is clear that males look forward for item dances. So once again it’s clear that the filmmakers look toward a male perspective while making a film to make a profit.
  • Most commercial movies have item dances in it, especially Bollywood showcases high number of item dances. Apart from discriminating the women, item dances has fewer or no logic.
  • Majority of the female respondents are against to item dance as they feel offended by seeing it. The society has to realise that the women are no more the pleasure elements for the satisfaction of man and they have equal rights similar to that of men.
  • Most of the respondent in the survey are from Kerala. Unlike Bollywood, there are only less films with item dances in the second decade of twenty-first century, but the item dances from the film Madhuraraja, 916, Lucifer where all topics of debate in many social platforms.

Sexism and Misogyny in the Film Industry


  • It is true that the support and cheers given by the audience to the sexism and misogynist dialogues, further lead the film makers to bring more such dialogues to the films.
  • In my last blog, I have mentioned few famous dialogues from movies like Narasimham and The King, where the male protagonist’s offensive and idiotic dialogues showered over the women character were highly appreciated by the audience. To know more get into the link:
  • Just think! why are the audience energetic/ enthusiastic to hear such dialogues? Do women like to hear such dialogue presentations? 

To understand the stance of Men and women, when they hear sexist/misogynist dialogues in the film, a survey was conducted.


  • From the results, it’s clear that the majority (67%) of the women agreed that they get offended when they hear discriminatory dialogues against them.
  • 26% of them at times get offended by such dialogue presentation.
  • 7% of the respondents do not get offended to such patriarchal dialogues.

Now lets look in to the male responses:


  • From the graph, it’s clear that 43% of the male respondents are aware of the discrimination faced by women on the big screen.
  • 36 out of 123 (29%) of them get offended when they come across patriarchal dialogues. 
  • 28% per cent of them have no problem in hearing such dialogues

Comparing the respondent’s views we could see that Majority(67%) of the women get offended while hearing dialogues which contain the element of patriarchy in it whereas only 29% of men get offended to such dialogues. Also it’s visible that, around 28% of men have no offence in hearing sexist/misogynist dialogues. Maximizing the analysis, we could find that majority of the women in the society does not like to hear misogynist dialogues raised in the film industry.

The Choice of Actor/Actress

  • To understand the level of admiration, whether is towards male actors or to female actors the survey data were analysed.
  • The questionnaires were distributed among two fort six peoples, equally among male and female.
  • Out of this two forty-six respondents, one hundred and twenty called out the names of the male actors and only twenty-three called out female names. The mixed names and writing different answers were neglected.
  • From the names mentioned, the most called out name among the male actors was Mohanlal and the most called out name among the female actresses was Deepika Padukone.
  • This show that the rate of acting influences the audience more than the gender. On the other dimension we could also infer that more the screen appearances, the more are they recognised. Fewer the film appearance the least known.

admiration factor


  • To get an idea about the genre of the film viewed by the more audience few films were listed out.
  • The list contains both women-centric as well as male-centric movies.
  • Narasimham topped the list with the most number of views. (335)
  • Uyare is in the second position with 329 viewers.
  • Fire(1996) is the film with the least viewers.

Among the top five viewed film list two are women concentric film, which is a good sign of a shift in the thoughts of people. The people start to look at the film making and the content of the film rather than the star acting in it. The attitude of the society toward patriarchy is changing and we could witness this through films like Raazi, padmaavath, 22 FK, Mary Kom, Neerja, English Vinglish, How old Are on.

Women Warriors have raised to fight patriarchy and chauvinism in the Indian film Industry. They marked their signature in the film industry through their mind-blowing works. Things have started to change from then, The films with the women-centric concepts which projected the women oppressions and their feelings, were communicated through films by these women warriors. Two things happened then:

  • Society understood the plight of women oppression in a different part of the country and around the globe.
  • Even little girls, inspired by the women warriors started to dream about their career in film and film making.

In the next Blog we will look into the subject:

The Women Warriors; a Fight against the Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism in the Indian Film Industry.


Looking forward to your valuable opinions, suggestions and critics…

… Stay Safe and Stay Tuned …




Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism; A Curse to Indian Film Industry-Part 1.

Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism; A Curse to Indian Film Industry.

In a letter denying permission to screen the award-winning film Lipstick Under My Burkha in India earlier this year, the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) wrote that the film was a “lady-oriented film… with a bit sensitive touch about one particular section of society”. The letter sent to the filmmakers sparked outrage. Eventually, the Bombay high court overruled the CBFC.

Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism

The image shown below is the letter from the CBFC;



Cinemas are medium for social reforms. It is not only a piece of art but a tool for expressing human feelings and idea of the contemporary society. With a value of over 180 billion Indian rupees and producing more than 1500 films per year, Indian Film Industry is one of the largest. Even sustaining the high position, the industry’s distribution of the opportunity in a gender-equal mannerism is a question mark!

why gender inequality and discriminations high among women in the film industry??? What are the situation of the women filmmakers and women-centric characters?? Why are filmmakers thinking from a male audience perspective for making and marketing films?? Why male chauvinism is high in Bollywood?? How Kerala women filmmakers won the battle against patriarchy??

Even when women shines gloriously in various fields like science, space, business and writings by marking their breakthrough achievements, the film industry still showcase male chauvinism and patriarchy in various forms.

Gender Inequality in Indian Films…

Before Independence…A Period of High Patriarchy.

  • In the initial stages of history, the media was handled largely by men and the media images of men and women were tailored according to the preference of men.
  • Being an extremely patriarchal society where the male has a dominant role and women being subordinate of men, highly reflected in Indian Cinema.
  • Inspired by ‘Manusmriti’– an age-old Dharmashastra written by Manu for followers of Hindu faith – a female actor is never allowed to transgresses the scriptural paradigm that mediates women’s role as always in obedience and servitude to man, like Sita – the scriptural paradigm of femininity.
  • In the beginning, the role of women in Indian cinema was always subjected to be an obedient daughter, taking care of her sibling, helping mother in the kitchen and marrying a man of her fathers choice.
  • Another role include as a self-sacrificing mother who don’t have any desires in her life.
  • The third and most abused image of a woman presented onscreen is the role of an ideal wife. Wife who sacrificed everything for her husband. Thus, the wife is expected to be immensely devoted to her husband at the cost of her own pleasures, desires, and ambitions. This ideal wife has to be sexually pure, taking care of the children and live faithfully under the dominance of her husband and once she becomes a widow should lead her life embracing the husband’s memories.
  • Later in Films, there were differences showcased between good women and bad women. The bad women who usually is against the values and beliefs of the society. The dichotomy between good-bad women were popular in films, which distinguish between the heroine and the negative women. whereas men always remain centre character and control other characters and was always pure…
  • Apart from the patriarchal system, the caste system was also a curse to the Indian film industry before independence and portraying a heroic character from the untouchable will certainly lead to failure of the film.

The portrayal of women in the film reflected the societies thoughts before independence where women were considered as impotent, defenceless, low and dependent on the males. In such a situation introducing a role change in films may disturb the patriarchy system and the film would be a fail.

The first Malayalam movie Vikadakumaran directed by J C Daniel in 1930s out of his passion for making a film was stopped screening by the upper caste men as the film portrays a low caste woman as the heroine ( well depicted in the film Celluloid, directed by Kamal).

Indian film post Independence…The Curse of a patrilineal System!

The Indian Film Industry gained more colour after independence. The women gained more freedom from the husbands and four-cornered walls to an open workforce society after feministic movements in India.

  • The representation of women in Indian Cinema has increased after independence but since a patrilineal system( where descent and inheritance are traced through the male line and men are generally in control of the distribution of family resources.) governs the society, the characters given to the female actress were of the same kind.
  • 1980 saw the beginning of the action era in Indian Film Industry where the men were highly worshipped by the audience for the extraordinary superpower he had to fight bunches (12*n) of enemies in the air.
  • The heroines lost their strength and space to the hero. She was reduced to a glamorous component of the films. She danced around trees, kidnapped, raped or get killed.
  • It was the time when the people start to believe the superpowers of the actor is real, started to get admired by their romance, fight and saving poor people from crooked villains. The fan power for such heroes raised in such a way that the incidents of people electing film stars as the chief ministers and leaders are evident in a few states.
  • In such a high time for men in cinemas, the roles of women were less accepted by the common people and female-centric films saw a failure in common people as it showcases the struggles of women rather than thrillers and actions.

Thus in post Independence, the contribution of women in Indian film has increased but always stayed down the line of the patriarchal society. The film gained colour, high sound system, more clarity and high technology but the women still get biased due to highly existing gender discrimination in the society.

#Challenge 1

Hey, have you ever watched these movies????

Well, Good, you may have watched a few( great, if you have watched all) of those movies.

Indian Film Post- globalisation…Liberated but Controlled! 

Globalisation has shifted society to another dimension where liberalisation plays an important role in bringing gender rights. The second feminist wave evolved in America get reflected in India and gender equality in the Indian film industry has stepped up.

  • Still, there were criticisms and patriarchial symptoms which supported mass male-dominant films, where women were considered as an “adding beauty character”. The advancement in film technology rarely supported the women audience and looked from a men perspective way.

Vast differences between the male and female characters also occur in their respective occupations onscreen. While men are shown in their workplaces, in meetings with their colleagues or even in uniforms and hence ‘on duty’, women are largely shown within the domestic sphere—their labour within the home rendered invisible by its marked absence.

Sexism in Indian Film
  • The studies shows that Bollywood stands high in male chauvinism in films. In 1995, it was a leather jacket-clad Raj from Aditya Chopra’s debut, Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge, who found no issues with ‘flirting’ with a woman travelling with her friends, even after she has asked him to back off. The study takes an expansive look at the next couple of decades as well. Whether it is Rahul in Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), Rancho in 3 Idiots (2009) or Barfi in Barfi! (2012), a woman’s personal or professional space is often taken for granted.

A recent analysis which shows about sexism in Bollywood;


  • Sexism is not new to Tamil and Malayalam cinemas, the industry has long been an example of stereotyping, misogyny as ‘macho’ (and macho is always a man!). The whistles, that heroes receive when they berate a woman, chastise her or do moral policing explains the embedded ‘chauvinism’ in Tamil audiences. While these stereotypes flourish under ‘creative freedom’, the glorification of ‘male chauvinism’ has become a genre by its own right.

Characters and dialogue

Male characters account for nearly twice as many as female characters (Graph 2) in the credits. Try looking at the number of dialogues between the male and female protagonists and the latter only manages to cross one-third of the total figure.

Dialogue Distribution among men and women in films

Controversies surrounding Women in Cinemas…

The Post-modern society after globalisation and its impact on liberalisation leads to advancement of high technologies in films. There were may female directors contributing to the Indian Film Industry and most of them have women-centric characters in their films.

Deepa Mehta’s  Fire and Water

  • Women centred films, where women have tried to break the conventions have stirred immense conflicts and controversies in the Indian society. Films like Fire, directed by Deepa Mehta(1998), became the recipient of several international awards when it was released in the US and Europe in 1996.
  • This movie depicted a romantic relationship between two sisters in law in an urban, middle-class household of North India. The film when released in India gained extensive criticisms, especially the rigid Hindu families.
  • The Shiv Sena an extreme right-wing of Hindu organization led by Bal Thackery, violently opposed the screening of this movie leading to riots. According to them, this film’s story attempted to degrade Indian women, and it encouraged the collapse of marriage and family.
  • Another film of her, Water (2005) which showcased a plot supporting the right for women. There were large criticisms and riots all over by the same group which destroyed her fame in her last film.

The main reason of this riot was not due to the portrayal of women like her previous film Fire, but it was because a women director was daring enough to make a period film that divulged the dark side of Hindu religion, especially to the Western audience.

  • The various religious and political groups anticipated that this was an attempt
    to make an anti-Hindu unit for the West. It was further believed that there was political doctrine and plan behind organizing a nuisance even before the shooting of the film.

Aandhi (1975)


  • This political drama centres around a woman politician whose appearance was uncannily similar to that of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
  • This led the film to face allegations that it was based on her, especially Gandhi’s relationship with her estranged husband.
  • However, the filmmakers had only borrowed the protagonist’s look from the Prime Minister and the rest had nothing to do with her life.
  • Even after its release, the director was asked to remove scenes which showed the lead actress smoking and drinking during an election campaign and the film was completely banned during the national Emergency later that year.

Bandit Queen (1994)


  • The biographical film is based on the life of Phoolan Devi, a feared woman dacoit who led a gang of bandits in northern India.
  • Phoolan belonged to a poor low caste family and was married to a man three times her age. She later took to a life of crime.
  • The film, directed by Bafta-winner Shekhar Kapur, was criticised for its excessive use of abusive language, sexual content and nudity.
  • Despite the backlash, Bandit Queen went on to win the National Film Award for Best Feature Film.

The Pink Mirror (2006)


  • The Pink Mirror is the first mainstream film to have two transsexuals as protagonists.

  • While it was a groundbreaking moment in Indian cinema, the Central Board of Film Certification had other opinions, calling the film “’ vulgar and offensive”.
  • The Pink Mirror remains banned in India but it went on to win the Jury Award for Best Feature at the New York LGBT Film Festival and the Best Film of the Festival at Question de Genre in Lille, France. You can catch the film on Netflix now.

S… Durga (2017):


  • Initially called Sexy Durga, the film’s name was changed to S Durga by the CBFC while giving clearance with a U/A certificate.
  • The film also received 21 audio mutes but no scene cuts. Directed by Sanal Kumar Sasidharan, the film highlights the patriarchal set up in Kerala through the eyes of an eloping couple and the horrors they endure on the way.
  • The film, which was first included in IFFI Goa, was later removed from the Indian Panorama section at the behest of the Union Ministry (which considered the title to be insulting to Hindu sentiments).
  • The director then approached the Kerala High Court, which in turn ordered the film to be screened at IFFI.

Kasaba (2016):


  • The film was criticised for glorifying misogyny, more so as it showed Mammootty playing a cop who makes sexually explicit remarks to a lady officer and get away with it, accompanied by celebratory BGM.
  • Two years later, actor Parvathy found herself in the eye of a storm when she criticised Mammootty for acting in a film like Kasaba that glorified misogyny. That was enough for his fans to go on a rampage on her FB page, demanding an apology and showering her with every expletive available in the dictionary.
  • Of course, Parvathy did no such thing and issued a counter-attack, with the adage OMKV – or go to hell for all I care (being the kinder translation) – at those who targeted her, like director Jude Antony Joseph. She proudly hashtagged herself as feminichi and resolutely stuck to her guns.

Portrayal of Men and Women in Indian Film…

In most movies its common that the hero who, initiate a fight as the villain( men) catch his shoulder leading to vengeance and revenge and to add beauty to the revenge in the film he falls in love with a girl that he sees from a bus, helping the blinds to cross the road or bargaining with the flower seller(slow motion). Romance, Songs, Rain dance are welcomed as per the wish of the hero and at last the villains Kidnap his girl, threaten the hero through the phone. Hero will reach the place to fight the villains in air and take back her(slow motion)` happy endings…

Another simple way to analyse stereotyping in films is by closely looking at the trailers of the films. The trailers have a major portion of it as male-centric hiding women faces.

Research analysis on 880 Bollywood movies


  • The use of vulgar words on women by the hero boost the audience and waves of claps and whistles echo in theatre.
  • There is a scene in a Malayalam movie where the hero is proposing a woman with a blatantly chauvinistic dialogue. He says he wants a woman whom he can kick around after returning home sozzled and who would deliver his babies and wail when he dies.
  • There are also characters like Jose Alex IAS from the movie king who says a long dialogues suppressing women.



I feel I shouldn’t have written it. When I wrote it, I never thought of belittling women or even degrading the gender, it was just contextual for the film. Those who clapped for those lines have later found it disturbing. If I knew that what I was writing based on a situation will have a different interpretation in the future, I wouldn’t have written that. Definitely, I regret it. If a woman who sits in a crowd finds that my dialogues in the film is degrading her gender or has offended her, I agree that it was a mistake from my side. But I would like to make it very clear that I have never intended to demean anybody.   ¬ Renji Panicker 

Research analysis on the adjectives used on men and women in Indian Films

  • Not surprisingly, gender stereotyping extends to the kind of roles male and female actors enact and the occupations they are shown to be engaged. In most films, it is evident that the males have the roles of doctor, police officers, gangster… and females have the roles of teacher, secretary, student…



It’s evident than even in films which are widely accepted by the audience( both male and female) there are plots and scenes which show misogynist dialogues. Mind it, these are superstars who can profoundly influence the psyche of the average film-going youth. When they glorify such misogynist scenes in their movies passing it off as heroism, it can have disastrous consequences.

Marketing Strategy Of Indian Films…


  • Film marketing and advertising play a key role in the success or failure of films, and films are also sites for advertising.
  • Research shows that in India, The largest film audiences come from poor lower caste and lower class urban males (Ganti, 2004).
  • This group numbers around 165 million. They have low levels of disposable income and, as men have much higher status than women, women are more likely to be confined to the home than men, though they still attend the cinema, in lesser numbers.
  • Key aspects of Indian society that film advertising represents and encapsulates are the preoccupations, tastes and fantasies of the predominantly male mass market that are being targeted. The pulling power of stars, along with the genre of the movie, is the main attraction for audiences.
  • The movies are marketed from the perspective of men as the audience in the theatre is more men than women
  • There is a change in trend in film marketing in states like Kerala in which the audience accept films both artistic as well as entertainment films and the question of whether the film is “suited for the family” is often asked among the audience a yes to the question is a green flag for the family members( men and women) to be in the theatre or else is men who go for watching it.

Gender Discriminations in the Indian Film Industry…

562928-gender-pay-gap-thinkstock-040617 (1)

Equal Pay????

  • Despite the continued efforts of activists and policymakers, in many ways, gender equality is still a pipe dream. Research shows gender discrimination mostly against women and in favour of men in many realms, including the workplace.
  • Even though the overall gender gap in India has reduced slightly from 2104 to 2015, according to Monster Salary Index, women on the whole still make 25% less than men, and as many as 68.5% of women in Indian workforce feel they have experienced wage inequality.
  • The actresses are paid much less than actors in the  Indian industry even though they have established their stardom through films.

The gender pay gap in Bollywood results from the patriarchal mindset of society, which does not see women as heroes, superstar Amir Khan has said.

  • Globally in Film Industries, the trend of paying less to female stars than male stars are evident form articles and researches… Even Globe itself is a Patriarchal village…


 Casting Couch…


After the #metoo movement, the women were strong enough to raise their voice against the sexual harassment and discrimination they faced. Casting couch, one of the evil in the Indian film industry faced by newcomers was one such harassment faced by women for entering in to cinema.

  • It was the film industry which gave us the term casting couch. Today it remains a professional body where that couch has become almost institutionalised.
  • The metaphorical casting couch is the place where young newcomers, seeking to break into the world of glamour and glitz, are often forced to offer sexual favours in return for roles.
  • And it continues to exist because the laws regarding sexual harassment in the workplace have never applied here.

The casting couch refers to a mentality in which directors and filmmakers take undue advantage and favor from aspiring film actors or actresses. The youngsters are provided with the filmy option in exchanged of sexual favors.

#metoo campaign

  • 2018 saw the rise of the #MeToo movement in India. Inspired by a global campaign against sexual harassment and assault, women across the spectrum opened up and shared their stories about abuse by men in positions of power.
  • And it began in October with actress Tanushree Dutta accusing actor Nana Patekar of sexual harassment while shooting for the 2008 film ‘Horn Ok Please’.
  • What followed was a series of posts by other women who shared their experiences with the world. From actors, film directors, artists and writers and politicians, women professionals called out obnoxious behaviour at the workplace.
  • From unwanted attention in the office to sexual innuendos on the film set, there were many kinds of allegations that surfaced.
  • But, the #metoo challenge does not exile the accused people as they continue to work in the Indian film industry.
  • People who were called out are back at work; they have neither been proven guilty nor acquitted. On the other hand, women who came out have had to face a pushback from the industry…

Kerala Way of Fighting Patriarchy in Indian Film Industry…


Casting couch was visible all over in the Film Industry. The risk for a woman to enter into a profession that she like is tough in a patriarchal society and in film it is far too risky.

  • As the time moves, the role and power of women in the society also increased. Now she has the support of her family and friends to enter in Film, She works hard for her passion to be an actress and she knows how to speak and stand for her right.
  • But is that enough?  But what about the large mass of women… the extras, the group dancers, the aspiring starlets, the production assistants and many others, for whom the job means survival? To whom do they appeal when things go wrong? What do they do when they get pregnant or have small babies to nurse? Do they get proper changing rooms and toilet facilities on site? Do they get properly paid?
  • These were the questions which were asked before, but does not get answered and yes it get an answer now…in Kerala…

Women In Cinema Collective (WCC)


Equal spaces and equal opportunities for women in cinema.


from the left: Rima Kallingal, Manju Warrier, Deedi Damodaran and Anjali Menon


  • It was formed after the horrific abduction and assault of a leading film star in Kerala and work for the right and welfare of women in Film Industry.
  • On November 1, 2017 Women in Cinema Collective was registered as a society in Kerala.


  1. WCC works towards building a safe, non-discriminatory and professional workspace for women in cinema through advocacy and policy change.
  2. WCC encourages more women to be a part of the industry through outreach initiatives for career advancement opportunities, industry support, and mentorship opportunities for its members.
  3. WCC showcases the creative acumen of women by curating films and bodies of work by women.
  4. WCC seeks to create awareness about gender bias and exploitation faced by women in the film industry,  both onscreen and off-screen.
  5. WCC promotes responsible filmmaking practices accelerating the work culture transformations required for a gender-just film industry and cinema.


  • Punarvaayana a major activity done by WWC which focused to bring awareness in the society on issues such as exclusionary workspaces, workplace exploitation and gender discrimination. The initiation of the programme has brought together several successful women from various fields to address these problems.
  • On May 18, 2017, WCC submitted a petition to the Chief Minister Kerala, requesting an inquiry and prompt action on the sexual assault case, against a prominent film actress in the Malayalam Cinema. Later WCC also publicly condemned and revolted against the decision of AMMA to reinstate actor Dileep back into the association. 


WWC members with Chief Minister of Kerala


  • WCC members have requested the intervention of the government to formalise wage structure and welfare schemes for women working in the film industry such as maternity pay and tax subsidies for production crews that have at least 30% women representation, among many others.
  • WCC requested the Kerala government to start more movie production-related technical courses that provide direct employment opportunities for more women and provide for more women’s reservations in government-owned studios.


WWC’s announcement on launching a film society, named after PK Rosy



A statement that you my friend..are making in a million unheard voices!And to those voices I apologise..for at an age and time when I wasn’t wise enough..I have been part of films that celebrated misogyny..I have mouthed lines that vilified regard for your self respect and I have taken a bow to the claps that ensued. NEVER AGAIN..never again will I let disrespect for women be celebrated in my movies! Yes..I’m an actor and this is my craft! I will whole heartedly trudge the grey and black with characters that possess unhinged moral compasses      ~Prithviraj Sukumaran

Even after decades, Indians love to see the big screen and are tirelessly watching movies. Due to this reason, the Indian Film Industry is one of the leading industry in the world. Even being in heights, by bringing high-quality movies, but fails in the aspect of gender equality. The remaining curse of patriarchy, gender discrimination, caste systems and highly stereotyping thoughts in the modern nation hinders the growth of Indian Cinema. Being in a land with existing patriarchy, it is tough to have a feminist perspective for both orthodox males and females. In the book titled Feminist Social Work, Lena Domicellie have written about her perspective towards feminism. Feminism is not against men’s well-being, but it is firmly against sexism and privileging men’s welfare over women’s. This includes privileges emanating from practices that: endorse the preferential treatment of men over women on sexist grounds in any arena. 

If the ideologies and philosophies raised by socialists( in such situation, for gender rights) may feel like piercing an arrow to your thoughts, contradicting your beliefs and value system; Its high time to initiate a journey for the unanswered questions and certainly you may end up in logical interpretations which may support or oppose the dealing scenario.

#Challenge 2

Now, how many of you have watched these movies??

(These are few best movies which fight patriarchy in Indian Film Industry. They may not be in box – office hits but they have told stories about the dreams of millions.)

What is your opinion???


Interpretations for PM Modi’s “April Diwali” in Nation; Based on Religious, Political, Philosophical and Social Perspectives.



On Friday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered a speech where he appealed to the citizens of India to turn their lights off and light candles or turn on their mobile torches on Sunday, April 5, 2020 between 9 pm and 9.09 pm in a collective effort to battle coronavirus. Narendra Modi’s speech about appealing the citizens to light lamps and torch to mark the fight against County’s fight against Corona Virus was widely accepted by the nation amidst large criticisms…

As the clock struck 9 pm on Sunday, as appealed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, lights went out in most houses and people gathered in balconies, flashing mobile, lit candles and diyas while in many places, there were group parties and celebration in fire.

PM’s asked the people to light the Diya and torches with high precautions..( social distance, indoors or balconies, for 9 minutes). But the reality was inverse in many places( Gang celebrations, Go China Virus slogans, rallies…so son..). Amidst strict lockdown policies, why did people formed groups to celebrate the event??? Did PM’s appeal got misinterpreted by the people all over the nation??? 


Difference in thought Process, leading to Interpretation…

People have distinct thoughts based on the achieved beliefs and experiences.


Individuals are more likely to adopt a modeled behavior if the model is similar to the observer and has admired status and the behavior has functional value”       -Albert Bandura, Social Learning Theory

People thoughts are based on the religion in which they believe, the culture they live in, Political party they support,….so on… The Prime Ministers appeal to the people for lighting diyas and lamps were interpreted differently by people. These interpretations are raised from the perceived perception each had; it could be their cultural thoughts, religious thought, social thoughts or say political thoughts. So all the criticisms and Support on “April Diwali” are right!!!! They are sensible considering each individual. But what if the thoughts of an Individual is Poison for the society, and what if those thoughts cause harm to the community, like the thoughts of Hitler causing harm to Jews?????

Well! Let’s see few  Diwali Night interpretations;

When the Diwali appeal gained a Religious Interpretations…


“Jai Shri Ram” echoed in the streets and people could be seen with fire torches; singing, chanting, shouting in groups. The message of Modi was interpreted highly in based on religion(especially concerning Hinduism and astrology ) in the nation. The beliefs about the decimation of coronavirus using fire were widely accepted by uneducated religion- orthodox groups leading to bizarre shows in public. Even people said ” Viruses spread in the environment are burnt to dust with fire”…

On the other side, Other religions interpreted the act as, part of Hindu rituals and oppose the appeal of PM about Diwali Night. They shut the lights off and asked their God to save them from hell Virus ( Corona)…

All were right in their interpretation……

Political interpretation on “Diya Night”…

The political leaders supporting the BJP party celebrated the Diwali with great enthusiasm. Wait a second!!! its BJP’s birthday coming !!!. Interpretations raised when the party followers thought it, as a chance to celebrate the 40 years of BJP and organised rallies in street and all party leaders lighting lamp as per the guidelines.  BJP MLA from Mysuru, S A Ramdas, said that

“If lamps are lit, the viruses approach the lamps and get destroyed by the heat of the lamps. Modi has thought of this idea in order to ensure that viruses should never occupy people’s houses,”(When religion get interpreted by politicians for their followers).


UP CM Yogi Adityanath lights earthen lamps to form an ‘Om’, at his residence. PM Modi had appealed to the nation to switch off all lights of houses today at 9 PM for 9 minutes, and just light a candle, ‘Diya’, or flashlight, to mark India’s fight against COVID 19…

PM Modi also drew flak from the opposition who asked him to focus on real issues and plan policies to contain the COVID-19 impact on the nation and its economy. Senior Congress leader and MP Shashi Tharoor said PM Modi’s speech offered no vision for the future on how to ease people’s pain and financial anxieties. “Listened to the Pradhan Showman. Nothing about how to ease people’s pain, their burdens, their financial anxieties,”.


Moreover, Congress leader P Chidambaram, who has been vocal about his criticism for the BJP-led government, requested PM Modi to listen to experts like epidemiologists and economists. There was also criticism considering this as the second national gimmick by PM for getting the support from the migrant labourers who were forced to return back home in the absence of food or wages in the cities

All were right in their interpretations…..

When April Diwali got a Philosophical interpretation…

There were two profound philosophical presuppositions to PM Narendra Modi’s exhortation to the nation. First One, was based on his quotation from the first sarga of the Kishkindha Kanda of the Valmiki Ramayana:

उत्साहो बलवान् आर्य नास्ति उत्साहात् परम् बलम् ।
सः उत्साहस्य हि लोकेषु न किंचित् अपि दुर्लभम् ॥४-१-१२१॥                                                                       


There is no greater strength, O noble one, than enthusiasm;
For one endowed with enthusiasm, nothing in this world is difficult.

The implication of these words by Lakshmana to his despondent elder brother, Rama, is unmistakable.

  • The fight against the coronavirus pandemic is as much psychological as medical or logistical.
  • If we lose our nerve as a nation, then our mental despair will also spell our corporeal downfall.

Second, The second postulate was that “Janata Janardana,” the personification of the composite populace, is a form of the Divine.

  • In times of crisis, if a direct साक्षात्कार or realisation of this force of the combined will of the people is manifest, it would add greatly to the spirit and confidence of the country.
  • To light a lamp in the dark night of the nation’s soul as a symbolic gesture of solidarity and resolve can thus be a deeply transforming and constructive act, especially during a curfew or lockdown.                                                                                                                       Makarand R. Paranjape
                                           Director, Indian Institute of Advanced Study 

Social Interpretations for “Diwali in April”…an Act of Solidarity.

On the other side, people lit the diyas, candle or torch to showcase their solidarity,  united to fight the virus.diya-1586105090

  • India is a diverse country with unique cultures, traditions and life patterns. There were times when clashes and conflicts arose among the people in the name of land, religion and cast.
  • For many people, this was the time to light diyas and torches and raise it amidst all diversities and proclaims that India is united… So they lit lamps by maintaining social distancing, peacefully in their apartments or in their homes…


  • Thoughts like bringing people together by generating a sense of national purpose will ease anxiety and frustration amid the unprecedented lockdown.
  • For many, the lights were the appreciation for the heroes in health sectors and heroes out there in the community to fight the virus…

Solidarity between Oppression!!… Revolutionaries interpretations!!!

For many the act of solidarity was stupid as criticism evolved when people think why should they light a lamp;

  • When the country is divided based on religion and caste.


  • When people blame other groups for the ownership of the virus (#coronaJihads is an absurd concept)… 


  • When there are no arrangements made for more beds and ventilators…balcony-seat-o
  • When the people of the country have no idea about its present economy…


  • When the salaries of nurses which were pending for months get cut off……


  • When PM come in live for giving tasks rather than putting forward a strategy to deal with the virus…


All were right in their interpretation…

Yes All Were Right In Their Interpretation!!! But Who Were More Right???

The answer to the question of who was more right lies in the future outcomes!…. Even in the past, there were opposing views and thoughts towards the government(every government) decisions and acts. A giant political party like BJP with a strong base in all states was a subject of criticisms, especially for their Hindutva(religious) agendas. But history has showed us amidst large negative judgement and reviews the party could maintain its large followers and even could influence the followers of other parties. The past PM’s appeal of Thali bajao gained criticism similarly but, as far as no cases of the virus were reported after the act, all the judgement went in to vacuum.

So in this event of April Diwali too, all interpretations are right!! Unless there are cases of the virus reported due to the Diwali incidents arise…


This blog is done after researching the above questions and from my personal experience after lighting the lamp from Kerala.


Take LockDown Seriously!!! Let’s Break The Chain!!!

The Religions Impact on Corona Out Break; The Super Spreader.

How did the Corona virus escalated within a short span of time? Is it due to high number of  congregations rather than social distancing??? Before beginning, as a person who believe in Break the Chain rather than Break the Nation…there is no writing on religious (Hindi,Muslim,christian,Jain,…….) issues in this blog.


Corona and Religion

The Novel Corona Virus 2019 pandemic is creating an increased panic and trepidation among people. In most affected countries, one of the major reason for the outbreak of the virus is religious congregations. The people have a false belief that the God will protect one even though if they are out in-group/congregations for charismatic ambitions during the virus outbreak. The religious heads and leaders inflate these ideas of religious gathering, for fighting the virus. It’s just like dusting off the mud while standing in a muddy pit. God is not stupid enough to forgive the one causing harm to the people…God’s peace is with the one who stay in home quarantine…

The Dashing Virus Multiplier in South Korea – Shincheonji Religious Group.

The Shoncheonji Religious group an offshoot of Christianity is one of the major reason behind Virus out break in South Korea, especially in the city of  Daegu. As per the religious culture rule,

even though if a person is sick he should come for the prayer services in Sundays and if he cant attend the prayer service on Sunday he should find time and come on Monday or Tuesday”…more than that, the followers sit on the floor packed together for  long hour  of prayer services..


  • The leader of the sect Leen Man – Hee, an 88-year-old pastor who founded the church, claims that he is the second Jesus Christ and is immortal. Even Jesus in my knowledge has not said that he is immortal!!…
  • All 230,000 members of the church have been interviewed. Nearly 9,000 said they were showing symptoms of coronavirus.
  • The government found 31 positive cases and thought that the cycle came to an end. Within a few days the life in South Korea became normal, people started to travel in buses, metro…and suddenly it happened as
  • A 61-year-old female member of the sect was tested negative for COVID, later came back after ten days as she was sick, was tested positive. In ten days, She had attended two congregations each one having more than a thousand participants.
  • When the government initiated the check-up, the number went up from 20 in the first a day to 1000 within a week.
  • The 61-year-old women gained the title of “Super Spreader” in South Korea after this incidence
  • Later they discovered a branch of this church in Wuhan and the way virus come to Korea.

This was one of the first example for religious congregation spreading the Virus….

Baldev Singh; The Super Spreader of Virus in Punjab.


Baldev Singh is the first confirmed Corona Virus fatality in Punjab. Baldev Singh a 70 year old Kirtani cum preacher who returned after attending two weeks of congregations from German and Italy(the countries worst hit by the virus), was asked by the government to be in home quarantine.

  • He kept his travel history hold from the government
  • Did not pay heed to the government advisory, Baldev attended the Hola Mohalla festival at Anandpur Sahib, a city in Rupnagar district of Punjab. The festival held over three days between Mar. 10 and Mar. 12, around 300,000 usually attend the event each day, camping out and enjoying mock battles, music, and poetry, as well as large communal kitchens.
  • He Kept on visiting the devotees home blessing their babies.
  • He had a direct contact with over 94 people, who further had contact with 500 people.

Out of then 33 cases found in Punjab 32 were due to the contact from the Great infamous (now) Baldev Singh; The first Indian Super Spreader.

Tablighi Jamaat meet and the dispersion of Covid 19.

Tablighi Jamaat, a non-political global Sunni Islamic evangelical movement of Indian origin, is termed as the largest known viral Vector on Novel Cornoa Virus in South Asia. In India it has been one of the most influential religious movement in 20th century among Muslim.


  • In Malaysia, the organisation conducted a meeting in February 2020. At that time there were no travel restrictions imposed in India.
  • More than 620 people connected to this movement has tested positive in Malaysia. Most of the 73 corona virus cases in Brunei are tied to the gathering, as are 10 cases in Thailand.
  • This organisation gathered a meeting in Nizzamuddin markaz in Delhi from March 10 to 13. Preachers and people from Malaysia and Indonesia are said to have been at Nizamuddin for this congregation.
  • These foreign preachers were mostly stationed at Uttar Pradesh (132), followed by Tamil Nadu (124), Maharashtra (115) and Haryana (115). At least 1,500 preachers had already left for various destinations by March 23 after a few of the members had developed symptoms but no one thought about the virus.
  • When reports last came in, more than a 100 attendees, including 50 in Tamil Nadu, 24 in Delhi, 18 in Kashmir, 15 fresh in Telangana and nine in Andaman and Nicobar had tested positive for the disease.
  • It is estimated that from January 1 this year, approximately 2,100 foreigners visited India for preaching purposes. While 824 of them, as on March 21, were dispersed in different parts of the country, 216 of them stayed at the Nizamuddin Markaz.
  • Now many may be left to their villages, unknowing the infection in them, formed clusters of the organisation in their villages and towns; a high chance for super spreading.

Kerala and the great Attukul Pongala festival amid coronavirus scare.


After reporting six fresh cases of Corona in the Kerala state, the Health Minister dismisses to call off the festival in which Millions of women participated. Even though there were serious precautions took by the health department for the devotees coming to the festival, but the number of the people present were in huge mount. There were no cases reported after the festival but conducting such a large festival in a state with fresh cases of COVID was not a good decision.

  • The state government’s decision to let the festival happen has raised eyebrows as it goes against the World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines suggesting that people, especially children and elderly, should avoid crowded areas.
  • The government has been claiming that the Pongala could not be avoided as preparations have been on for months and that no positive cases were reported during the time.
  • But even 24 hours before the festival, Sunday saw five positive cases of the corona virus in the state’s Pathanamthitta district.
  • There is a wide criticism on the Kerala Government as they allowed to conduct the festival due to a political gain rather than religious gain.That is; looking forward to the local body election which is to be held in October and the state election in 2021. “After the Sabarimala controversy, the LDF government in Kerala is scared. Pongala like Sabarimala is a sensitive issue and, clearly, the government is not bold enough to ban the festivities,” said the Thiruvananthapuram-based political commentator Jacob George.

Hope LDF had few hyper pressure sleepless nights….

Yogi Adityanath’s Ceremony inside the Ram Janmabhoomi amidst Modi’s Lock down.


Hours after the Prime Minsters appeal to the people on 21 days complete lock down and strictly observe social distancing, The chief minister of UP along with 20 others attended a ceremony in Ayodhya. The video footages reveal the lack of social distancing among the members. The large plan on conducting the festival was dropped due to the lock down but this act of Yogi and his friends were not appreciated by many leaders and people around the world as it go completely against the words of  Prime Minister.

Religion V/s Superstition for COVID-19

The Great “Thali Bajao” event; and the mass gathering rather than Distancing.


The Thali Bajo event announced by PM in his COVID speech, even though lead to appreciation in may places but was a disaster when superstition get caught on it. Social Medias have brought people celebrating the event in festive-mood at different places of the nation. The superstition of elimination of virus  when they get subjected to the noise of plates was widely spread and some how people believed it, took plates, formed possessions, danced…. praising lord, singing, beating….Thali Bjao to Corona..

The Great Cow dung bath and Gaumutra party; rather than a Proper Hygiene


Swami Chakrapani Maharaj, president of the Hindu Mahasabha—a century-old organization that advocates Hindutva (or “Hinduness”)—declared that “consuming cow urine and cow dung will stop the effect of infectious corona virus.” The swami added that a “person who chants ‘om namah shivay’ and applies cow dung” on his body “will be saved.” The Sanskrit chant is a salutation to Shiva, a Hindu deity. The videos of people having a Cow dung bath, standing in the sun saying its divinity is viral in Social Medias…                                                                                                            *Meanwhile Speechless WHO!

Gaumutra Party!


People lined up for their share of cow urine being poured from kettles into ‘kulhads’, at a ‘gaumutra party’ (cow urine party) here organised by Swami Chakrapani, the president of the Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha.The event began with a ‘yagna’ and prayers to the cow and the virus itself, asking it to leave peacefully and not kill any more people. A large poster in the backdrop depicted an avatar of Hindu god Narsingh as the virus.At the event, Chakrapani claimed that COVID-19 is an “avatar” that has “come to punish those who eat non-vegetarian food.”Asking for forgiveness from the virus on behalf of meat eaters, he pledged that Indians will never eat meat again. “Coronavirus has come because of the people who kill and eat animals. When you kill an animal, it creates a sort of energy that causes destruction in that place,” said Chakprapani at the event.“They (global leaders) should get cow urine imported from India because the almighty resides only in the Indian cow and not in any foreign breed,” he said.

GO CORONA! CORONA GO! The Abstract chants rather than giving some Hope…

In the prayer meeting held in Mumbai, Union Minister of state Ramdas Athawale led chants of Go Corona! Corona Go! along with his Chinese friend. The video got viral and gained international criticism.

Union Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Dr. Ramdas Thawale along with Chinese counsel General Tang Goucai take out a candle march

Have Fear For Corona too!

Its true that every religious person have fear in God. Likewise everyone should fear Corona too! bcz Corona does not check out if you are a believer, an agnostic or an atheist.  Recently there was a twitter post of GOD( Someone who claims to be God in twitter), with a mask in his face and saying to the one who gathers in the name of him;Untitled g

Several Religions were also role model in controlling the spread of the pandemic especially, The activities like; closing the Mecca, The Live telecast of prayer service from Vatican, closing down the churches and temples….so on are good signs in the battle of Corona. Try to be in your home self quarantine and protect the community form the spread rather than acting stupidly. #StaySafe


The Chinese Govt. and Few Indian College Govt; A Subjective Comparison.

# a Subjective thought

Peoples Republic of China, the party which runs the Chinese government proclaims the concept of “New Democracy” by Mao. They has a president head and the president is the authority in finalizing the decisions; wait a second!! is that a democracy????? what about the freedom of press, what about the freedom of speech???? f2f81f1a-4511-11e7-935d-dac9335a3205_image_hires_174320 cg4baaf9c8319530

Now whenever I hear something about Chinese Government, I relate it with few colleges in my country, India. The college give its citizens(students) freedom to talk, freedom to express feelings, freedom to raise voice but the way management( The president who runs the government) want it to do so.

  • Whenever I see the citizens who are part of such college governments, I feel sad as they survive in the four cornered  hi tech walls. Happy that I did my under graduation under Democratic environment with natural walls.

Freedom of Expression!

  • The right to expression is different in these college governments. The citizens could express their talents, artistic skills, thoughts and feelings by either supporting a happy content or by praising the managements achievements. (Realities, self scripted talents,  uncommon , politics – Get suspended or dismissed).
  • I still remember in my college, few students performed a dance with  religious characters, got dismissed just for the reason that college was ran by a religious management.


Your Relations!!!

  • The relationship statuses has no values as they could be misinterpreted by the super egoists in the government who uphold the morals of a gender discriminated ancient society.v-day

What bout your Freedom of Speech!!!

  • What bout Freedom of Speech????? If you want to do a drama, speech, street play the scripts have to be analysed by government’s caretakers and should be flexible enough to support the president and the government of college. There was an incident in my college; The student who made a troll on the exam department criticizing one of their mistake, was given ta warning, as the exam department got an emotional break down after seeing the troll.1_Qd2WfgjLqD4IQRB4Ybw8tA

The Democratic Structure!!!

  • The College Government has the post of chairperson, vice- chairperson, secretary  so on…. I  relate them to The Great  puppet shows!!! where the puppet’s body is tied with colorful threads and yes!!who controls its motion; The President sits in the cabin and control their flow.


NO you don’t have the Voice bcz!!!!

  • But, the fact is no citizens would raise their voice against the college government as they have clean environment(artificial gardens), Celebrations( Under the sun with DJ lambs, but hey! NO Dance!) High Technologies( masking their reality with vitality), Arts Fest (Sorry for the Freedom of Speech), Sports Day(We hate some events¬ college government), College day(Sorry! the package doesn’t support one), Union Valedictory( Yes, Dancers will be executed). no-voice_1x

Studying in such a college government will make one more responsible and well managed,  the citizen will definitely reach heights with the skills they accrued under such autocratic climate of the college. But what about the social skills of the citizen?? will they be able to solve a social problem happening in their life?? Will they know what is happening around them???

At time i feel like the fresh and innocent citizens are fooled by few crooked heads who hide the reality from them and attract them with fake promises and illogical plans. Wait a second is this how we catch a fish; we make a delicious worm hook so that the fish get attracted, we put it in an area rich with fishes,… fish come……. get hinged -the story ends….


Will There be an Economic Crisis, in India after the Corona Pandemic?

ED-AX951_FELDST_GR_20180927100824¬Just a Thought!

The corona pandemic have disturbed the whole balance in the world with high death rate and a huge loss in the global market. A country like India with high rates of malnutrition and unemployment could be severely hit by this Pandemic. So will there be an Economic Pandemic after Corona Pandemic in India?

In India thousands of casual workers who work in hotels, office, factories were send to the home, after shutting their working place with no hope for salary for coming months. If these are the condition of the casual workers what will be the condition of employees that work in the major cities like Bangalore, Delhi, Kolkata, Kochi, Chennai etc. Lakhs of people are send back to their villages because of the virus. The working population are no more active as the companies are shut downed. The worry increase if any of the worker is COVID-positive, will definitely reach the rural population of India when the person move to his home.

The Economic Times has released few data of the major industries working population lets see few of them;

The Tourism and Hotel industry – Employs 4 crore people

The Aviation Industry – Employs 3.5 lakh people

The Retail Industry – Employ 4.6 Crore

The Restaurant Industry- Employ 73 Lakh people

The Ride Hailing Industries(Uber, OLA, etc.) -5 Million drivers partners

With these industries, the major car manufactures like Maruti Suzuki, Hyundai, Honda have shut down their production. The unemployment  and global decline in the production leads to a high chance of imbalance in the World market economy. This will definitely affect India considering the density of population and declined stock market in the past year.

Even though India is fighting the corona pandemic with great hope and the Prime ministers thali bajao appeal was well accepted by many, individually and in crowds(as the virus suicide when they hear the sound of plates¬ unknown), a clear strategy to battle the economic crisis is not designed properly by the government. Since the government is running shot of money, as in 2019 there was a shot by 1.6 lakh crore in GST, its time to think about the after-pandemic situation in India.

In India the government along with its citizen is trying hard to control the Corona pandemic and is seeing a gradual success but the question of survival from an economic crisis and its impact on poor is remaining!

                                                                                                                               ¬ Just a Thought

The Great Man Theory and Political Leadership in India

Well! before getting to the blog, this is a subjective topic and is my personal view points The blog does not mean to harm any personal or political sentiments. I got this view point from Thomas Carlyle’s Great Man Theory. How could one relate it with the leadership in different political parties.


What does The Great Man Theory says?

The Great Man Theory is a leadership theory put forward by Thomas Carlyle in nineteenth century. The central theme of the theory is that “Leaders are born, not made” that is;  the capacity for leadership is inborn. According to this theory, you’re either a natural born leader or you’re not. The trait theory of leadership which is an extension of the Great Man Theory is an early assumption that leaders are born and due to this belief, those that possess the correct qualities and traits are better suited to leadership.

The Congress way of Choosing a Leader; Leadership crisis in Congress

The congress party of India, a well established party with strong and educated political leaders which has contributed lot to the nation’s development, has a weak structure in the present political scenario. We could see lot of internal disputes and splits inside the party.

One of the major dispute in the party is on the topic “Who Will Lead?” , One group will hold the party’s family pride and will opt for members of the Gandhian family as their top priority whereas other group opt members who have the quality and skill to lead the party. Meanwhile BJP won the election with a Chaywala as its leader.

The Party has a strong line of thoughts, creating a gap between the Old generation and the New generation. The old Generation who is loyal to the Gandhian family think that only a Gandhi could do the job of leading the party, like before. Their belief is much supported by the Great Man theory where the traits determine the leader.  The New Generation who support Rahul Gandhi has a different thought about the leader, which looks for the skills and qualities rather than traits. The Old generation’s view on sailing the ship with captain born from a Gandhian family will make less sense in the 21’st century as the people are seeing better captains through different medias. The respect for the Gandhian family is always served…. as there where good leaders from the family, which does not mean that everyone belonging to Gandhian family are leaders. 

Rahul Gandhi after resigning from his post and asked the party to elect the head, Jyotiraditya Scindia, who is one of the potential candidates for the party post, then said: “Already seven weeks have passed, the Congress Working Committee needs to decide the next president of the party.”  well! he is now enjoying a seat in BJP and hoping for the CM post in MP.

What about BJP??

If Congress is Dynastic then BJP is democratic in choosing its leader. As far as the Modi government is considered, they believe in Behavioral Leadership theory rather than trait theory. David McClellan has said that “Leadership is not on the basis of trait but the motive to be a leader“. Thus what they do is they train their follower to be the best leader, If needed they even teach them Hindutva for Hindustan!!!… They  find the best fish in the pool and catch it before others do whereas Congress feed the fishes in the pond and get them old. If a chaiwala could do it, I am also capable?….. they instill hope in every persons mind about the chance of being a leader. The  BJP approach of choosing its leader seem better to me than that of Congress..


The capacity to lead is the major quality to be in Politics. The internal disputes on the subject leadership has dismayed the structure of the political parties and thus leading to political crisis. We even witnessed a crisis  past week in Madya Pradesh. The role of both youth politicians and the aged politicians are important to maintain the democracy.  The youth leaders voice will definitely influence and motivate the other youths in the society. The Senior leaders experience are  important in holding the dignity of the political parties. Thus its time to shift the views of the political parties from a Great Man Theory perspective to a democratic view where the Old and Young political leaders  join their hands and lead the people to make India more Democratic and Developed.

Is Your Bank Healthy?


After the latest decision of government to put private sector lender YES Bank under moratorium till April 3, the fear of whether the banks in India are healthy have raised in the people.

How to check whether your Bank is Healthy?

This could be understood by checking the MCAP ratio (Market Capitalization Ratio).  The MCAP ratio could be find by using a  simple equation;

MCAP= Total Deposits/Value of Company in the stock market.

IF the value of your bank is less than 2.5, your bank is healthy …

The comfortable zone of the MCAP ratio lies between 2.5 – 4.

Here is the list of few famous bank with their MCAP ratio, released by ThePrint



Does the virtuality ruins the reality??



“Virtuality” is a concept in philosophy. The term was first put forward by French thinker Gilles Deleuez. Deleuez use the term “virtual” to something that is ideal(not real) in real world.

Today, In this 21st century the word virtuality  is common between everyone. Especially  for the “Digital natives”(those who born from  the past two decades who are more familiar with digital technologies than analog mechanics),virtual world or say cyber world is part of their life. All the accessories of digital world like mobile,computers,tabs support virtuality. Internet plays a major role in promoting cyber space.



“Reality” is the state of things as they actually exist , rather than as they may appear or might be imagined.

Reality includes everything that  is observable or comprehensible .we are living in  the real world hence we can say our life itself is a reality as it is real and is not ideal.

Is virtuality a threat??

  • The present generation so called “new gen” including me are strict addicts of  that virtual hero called internet and its elements.This includes all the internet activities like browsing ,chatting,gaming etc…
  • These are essential, as it help us to gain knowledge,relation,communication short internet and other social medias plays an important role in moulding us.

But seriously thinking or just say, analyzing the present us.the questions arise:

  • Are we destroying  the reality by being in virtuality?
  • Who is the master? The real “Me” or the Virtual “It”?
  • Is virtuality dominating  the reality?
  • Am I a virtual hero or a real hero?

Use of virtual tools are necessary in this present generation,but addiction to these is really diverting us, giving as a duplicate character or just say a mask  to our real character.


Let me share my experience regarding this. I was born on 1997,in Kerala ,India. Time when LAN-phones where the major communicating tool. Even though there was internet discovered, but was not common. I was born in to a joint family called “MAVELY Family”  When the classes get dispersed, we use to ran home just to reach first in the pit. As the rule of our cricket follows FCFS (First come first served) system in batting. Game changes according to the season.In summer we play cricket, In winter football. The best time I would say is Rainy season,where we got in to rain. Swimming was the main item during rainy season as canals were full with water. Those days of greenery, Where all talk face to face.Enjoying each second of liveness!!


But for past few years things are not compromising. all are busy wit some thing. we rarely play, laugh and talk. All were through communication apps and through SMS.I too was addicted to social medias like watsapp and facebook. My behavior just get altered. I Start to get frustrated very fast ,got angry on silly things .I spend a lot of time in social medias.I lagged in talking to my family members.even, I was not able to talk to anyone by looking in to their eyes.Seriously,for parents I was just like an alien.I forgot  all the manners and social ques that my behavior supports, instead I was becoming some one else.

I was not having any sense to this till Last Easter(celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead). It is because, may be  i was just flowing with the new world. Easter changed me a lot. As for Christians, preparation for Easter includes 50 days fasting(Fasting is a willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.) and when all took fasting on non-veg, I took it for social media. It was bitter for first few weeks but later I got control on myself. Woww!! Those days were amazing I felt very energetic and fresh. I felt freshness for everything.I felt the same liveness that i was missing for many years.Thank God, those period helped me to find another angle and lead to this blog.

Just to think..

  • Cyber space is an area for interacting through an ideal means. It is an another is a virtual world which is entirely different from the real world. It is the beautiful creation of some awesome brains.
  • All the things in the virtual space(every online activities) is separated from real world. because both are two different areas. cyber space is an electronic world and we belongs to real world.
  • The one thread which connect cyber world to real world is  “chatting”. Through chatting we can communicate to anyone in any part of the real world. so we talk through virtual space.Thus we can say chatting links both virtual world and real world.

Is chatting realistic?

For instance, let us take the one of the common chatting tool  called whatsapp .

  1. Well, I am chatting with my friend Robert through whatsapp.  What is the guarantee or assurance that the person to whom I am chatting with, is Robert ?What if  I am cheated?The name indicated as Robert to me  in my chat box, but what if I am chatting with Robert’s father instead of Robert or say to some other friend of Robert? I think this is one of the major reason which lead many to suicides as they were cheated.
  2. Whatsapp is a tool which help to maintain communications and relations between friends,relatives,cousins, etc..But actually, as the communication gap through cyber space is reduced. automatically, the communication gap in reality increases. This is an inverse proportionality.We forgot the communicating style in real life.This is the reason why the young generation are less reactive when a difficult situation arises.
  3. In cyberspace social medias give us an identity.Our identity in Facebook, twitter, blogs, etc..make us strong  and famous among social medias.In Virtuality we are becoming more popular. What is the case in reality? The person who  gets 1k likes in facebook  or any other social media, Does he/she have 1k likes in his/her real life?Being good in social media is temporary action, But being good in life is permanent.
  4. Virtual space is a created space and if we are addicted to this means we are merging to this space and a mask will be automatically hiding our true personality.And this mask which is not real ,never take as to success in life.


All social medias are good and is essential for a person to survive in today’s world.But just give a limit line to everything. While spending too much time in virtual space. Just think, raise your head and look through the window.