Sovereignty at 2021- The Indian Edition.

 The Indian Sovereignty

Sovereignty makes a government independent from others and prevents external forces to interfere in government matters.  According to Coole “A country is said to be Sovereign if there exists within itself supreme and absolute power, acknowledging no superior”. India declare itself as an Independent country on 15th August 1947 and the Constitution solemnly resolve the Republic of India to be a Sovereign nation. We adopted the idea of sovereignty from the fifth article of the Ireland constitution. In India, Sovereignty began from the uppermost layer of International independence to the bottom level of self-independence.

India proclaims its external sovereignty at the International level and the independence of the nation got accepted by other countries in the world. At the geopolitical level, one cannot stand fully Independent particularly after the liberalization policies of 1990. The multilateral ties among other countries, on one hand, has brought development to the economy of the nation but on another hand has pulled the strings of tension and propaganda. There also exist a threat to digital sovereignty to the nation when multinational companies like Twitter and WhatsApp disagree to amend their privacy rules. The prevailing border issues with Pakistan, China and Sri Lanka are still a threat to the nation creating havocs on external and internal sovereignty.

2021 Edition of The Indian Sovereignty

Internally, sovereignty emphasis the relation of state and people within its territory. Also, the nation upholds the ideal of popular sovereignty where the people are considered to have supreme power. The political sovereignty lies with the people and the legislative sovereignty lies with the parliament. At times the indifference in the people opinion with legislative sovereignty leads to conflict and riots within the territory. The farm bill was one such incident that raises conflicts at the national level raising the threat to internal sovereignty. Here the ideals of democratic socialism work and neutralize the issues through negotiations within government and people.

In microscopic level, Individual within the territory of the nation enjoys sovereignty. The constitution guarantees each person fundamental rights (Article 14-35) and directive principles of state policies (Article 36-51). No person has the right to discriminate against others on behalf of cast creed colour sex etc. The government also protect the rights of minorities, senior citizen, Transgender, beggars and other marginalized sessions through effective policies like protection and welfare of parents and senior citizens act, 2007; Transgender person (Protection) Act, 2019; Beggars Act etc. These policies and schemes to enhance the wellbeing of people and help in meeting their needs, thus protecting individual sovereignty.

The pandemic has spread distress and disparities in the community leading to hardships in both international and internal systems of the nation. This is a juncture in Indian history but is also an opportunity to strengthen the fundamentals of Indian Sovereignty. By protecting the independence of the nation from geopolitical competitions, by bringing effective policies and programmatically implementing them, by ensuring the freedom and rights of individual let’s fulfil the dream of a self-sufficient, independent nation. An Atma Nirbhar Bharath.


Indian Constituion 


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Legal Adoption During the 2021 Pandemic

Legal Adoption During the 2021 Pandemic

The increased pandemic scenario of the country has brought another silent crisis; The illegal adoption of children. The second wave has lead to increased fatalities. A lot of children has lost their parents due to the virus and was left as orphans. There were wider requests through social media for adopting the orphan. A few Non Governmental organisation have come forward for lending help to those children. This in turn also create chances for illegal trades and trafficking of children for huge money.

People may offer children instant adoption by cooking up stories on how the child lost parents due to the virus. These people targets innocent people who may fall into the trap, unknowing such adoptions are illegal. Thus the lack of awareness among people on adoption and the pandemic opens opportunity for deplorable business trades.

  • What should you do, if you witness an orphan/abandoned child?

  • Who to inform, if you found illegal trafficking and trade using children?

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What should you do, if you witness an orphan/abandoned child?

This blog gives you three simple options for reporting such cases to the concerned authority…

Option #1- Call 1098

  • 1098 connects you to Childline which is a nodal agency working towards the care and protection of children.
  • Childline has emergency phone outreach service open all over the nation.
  • Once you contacted the Childline, the officials of the agency would show up and would recover the child.

Option #2- Intimate District Protection Officer.

Option #3- Approach the Nearest Police Station.

  • The third alternative is to approach the nearest police station.
  • The police station has a child welfare police officer who is specially trained to handle the child victims or juveniles.
  • You could also access the service of the nearest welfare police officer by dialling the toll-free number 122

 #Remember: Non-reporting of such cases are punishable under the Juvenile Justice (Care and protection of Children) Act, 2015

Legal Adoption During the 2021 Pandemic

Where will the child goes once they are recovered?

  • Once the child (orphan) is recovered by an agency, the agency has the responsibility to produce the child in front of the Child Welfare Committee.  (CWC) within 24 hours.
  • The Child Welfare Committee conducts the inquiry and decides whether to send the child to children home or a fit person or a fit facility.
  • If the child you saved is below the age of six, the CWC will place the child in an adoption agency that is legal and are registered.
  • The adoption agency looks after the child till he/she attains 18 years.
  • If the CWC declare a child as legally free for adoption, adoption could be done by adoptive parents of Indian origin, Non- Residents Indian or Foreigners.

What are the Procedures for Adopting a Child?

  • Once they register, they receive an application number through which the progress could be checked.
  • The adoptive parents then have to choose a nearby adoption agency for the home study report.
  • The home study report is prepared by a social worker, who visit the registered adoptive parents home, analyze the state of habitual residence. The social worker also counsels the adoptive parents during the home study.
  • The social worker will write a report and share it with the adoptive parents, within 30 days of registration. 
  • The Home Study Report will be posted in the Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System by the Specialised Adoption Agency as soon as it is complete.
  • The adoptive parents will be declared eligible and suitable by the Specialised Adoption Agency based upon the Home Study Report.
  • Now the adoptive parents have to wait till there is an availability of child.
  • Based on seniority, the adoptive parents will be referred online profile of three children which will include the photographs, Child Study Report and Medical Examination Report.
  • After viewing the profile of the child or children, the adoptive parents could reserve one child within forty-eight hours for possible adoption.
  • The Specialised Adoption Agency will organise a meeting of the adoptive parents with the child. Later the adoptive parents will be counselled by the adoption agency.
  • The adoptive parents accept the child and sign the Child Study Report and Medical Examination Report in front of the social worker of the adoption agency.
  • The registration of adoptive parents shall continue till child adoption, with revalidation of the Home Study Report every three years.
  • Then the Specialised Adoption Agency will apply to the court concerned with necessary documents to get sanctioned for adoption.

As per UNICEF, India has around 30 million orphans and abandoned children. The death of parents due to the Covid-19 virus will increment this figure. Few people may find this as an opportunity for human trafficking and trading. As an active citizen of India, we should be aware of this situation and should report to the concerned authority if such issues are found.

If you find this blog informative, Please share it with others. Lets! Campaign for Child Rights…

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7 Less Known Freedom Fighters of India

Freedom Fighters of India

Indian independence is the result of the sacrifices of many freedom fighters. These freedom fighters were not born in same place nor they speak same language, most of them even may not know each other. But their heart and vision was united, which was to flew Britain away and make India an Independent nation. We are completely aware of the contributions of  Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru in Indian independence. From young ages, we used to hear the brave stories of them. But do you know about the Nightingale of the country? Do you know about the freedom fighter for whose head the British put Rs.30,000 in the 1930s?  The fighter who was hit with a bullet, yet stayed quiet to save the country? Do you know about the revolutionary who bombed the British Assembly?

Let’s look to some of the courageous and revolutionary freedom fighters :

The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

Freedom Fighters of India

  • After the death of Gangadhar Rao, King of Jhansi ( to whom, Laxmi Bahi was married in the age of 7) rani was coronated as the queen of Jhansi.
  • The Britishers took advantage of the lack of experience of the queen and demanded the control of her kingdom. But they were wrong! Rani was strong and determined for her kingdom.
  • Since there was no biological male heir, the kingdom was annexed to British Raj by Governor-General of India under Doctrine of Lapse.
  • Rani adopted a son, but Lord Dalhousie did not consider Damodar Rao as a biological heir and sent the message of merging Jhansi into British.

But Rani, was courageous and was not ready to surrender her land to the invaders

  • She formed an army, including both women and men and trained them in Military techniques.
  • The incident of Britishers looting common people, killing women and children in Jhansi, strengthen her decision to fight against Britishers.

Along with her army, she fought against the Britishers for almost two weeks. She carried her adopted son Damodar Rao on her back and took a sword in each hand, and killed many British soldiers. Her attack have made the British Army to set back from the fight.

  • But later in 18th June 1958, the British attacked the Gwalior and entered into Jhansi.
  • Rani decided to break the military front and while she was trying to break it she came across a garden.
  • Since she was riding a new horse, she felt difficult to control it.
  • Ultimately she fell and got injured. Since Rani was in male warrior costume, the Britishers didn’t recognize her and they left her.
  • Rani’s servant helped her up and gave her ‘gangajal’, which is considered a holy water.
  • Her last wish was that she should not be touched a Britisher, and hence was burn by a hermit.

She was known as the “Mickey Mouse” of Gandhi…Read More.



The Nightingale of India~ Sarojini Naidu

The Nightingale of India~ Sarojini Naidu

A women who stood for Female Rights- A true inspiration for promoting Feminism in India

As long as I have life, as long as blood flows through this arm of mine, I shall not leave the cause of freedom…I am only a woman, only a poet. But as a woman, I give to you the weapons of faith and courage and the shield of fortitude. And as a poet, I fling out the banner of song and sound, the bugle call to battle. How shall I kindle the flame which shall waken you men from slavery”

  • She started her career in literature at the age of 12 by writing a play named Maher Muneer. The play received wide recognition and praises.
  • She received a scholarship at the age of 16 from the Nizam of Hyderabad and went to London King’s College. There, Nobel Laureates Arthur Simon and Edmond Gausse advised her to focus on Indian themes for writing.
  • She became an incredible poet of the 20th century by expressing her feelings, emotions and her experiences through poems.
  • During her college days, she falls in love with a non-Brahmin physicist named Padipati Govindarajulu Naidu. She married him at the age of 19.

Her fight for freedom began when the viceroy of India, Partitioned Bengal.

  • She met  Gopal Krishna Gokhale through whom she came into contact with several prominent faces of India’s freedom struggle including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindranath Tagore and Annie Besant.
  • She was urged by Gokhale to use her intellect for the cause and she dedicated herself to politics and Indian freedom movement, taking a respite from writing.
  • Between 1915 and 1918, Naidu travelled to different regions in India delivering lectures on social welfare, the emancipation of women and Nationalism and established Women’s Indian Association in 1917.
  • In 1916 she fought against the Brtish for the rights of farmers in Champaran, Bihar who were forced by the Britishers to grow Indigo instead for the food crops they used to grow for their survival.
  • Naidu was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal by the British government for her work during the plague epidemic in India, which she later returned in protest over the April 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
  • Naidu again went to London in 1919 as a part of the All India Home Rule League as a part of her continued efforts to advocate for freedom from the British rule. Upon return to India in 1920, she joined Gandhi’s Satyagraha Movement.

Sarojini Naidu presided in the annual session of Indian National Congress (INC) in 1925, and also became the president of the INC.

Naidu said in her address, “In the battle for liberty, fear is one unforgivable treachery and despair, the one unforgivable sin”.

  • Sarojini Naidu participated in the Salt Satyagraha with many other women protesters at Dharsana Salt Works in Gujarat.
  • Naidu was arrested, along with other Congress leaders including Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Madan Mohan Malaviya for participating in 1930 Salt March.
  • Naidu was one of the major figures to have led the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement led by Gandhi. She faced repeated arrests by the British authorities during the time and even spent over 21 months in jail.

Sarojini Naidu was the first female governor of India – she served as the Governor of United Provinces in Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949.

  • She died on 2 March 1949 due to cardiac arrest at the Government House in Lucknow. She had been the strongest advocate of the Father of the Nation “Gandhiji” and had supported him in every ideology to make India free form the British rule. She was nicknamed as Mahatma Gandhi’s “Mickey Mouse”.

The revolutionary who bombed the British Assembly…Read More

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey

“यह आज़ादी की लड़ाई है …ग़ुज़रे हुए कल से आज़ादी … आने वाले कल के लिए”


  • An Indian Soldier, who plays a predominant role in the events preceding the rebellion of 1857.
  • Born in 19th July 1857 to a Brahmin Family, Pandey joined in the Bengal Army in 1849. (5th Company of the 34th Native Infantry)
  • The East India Company introduced reforms that were completely unfair and unjust. They made the use of bullet cartridge which were used in P-53, Enfield rifle for all soldiers.
  • These cartridges were coated with a grease membrane that have to cut by teeth before loading. Since this membrane was extracted from the fat of either cow or pig, which was offensive for both Hindus and Muslims.  The Indian troops in some regiments were of the opinion that this was an intentional act of the British, with the aim of defiling their religions.
  • When all other attempts and uproar failed to change this phenomenon, on March 29, 1857, Mangal Pandey launched an open mutiny at Barrackpore in Kolkata. He rebelled and killed many British officers for their cruel and inhuman nature towards his countrymen.
  • He along with his men attacked the sergeant Major Hudson which lead to a tough situation of battle on the army ground.
  • Mangal Pandey was surrounded by the British soldiers, but he collapsed after firing a bullet on his own chest.
  • It is said that even when there was a bullet in his chest, he kept quiet and have not revealed the names of his fellow co-conspirators.
  • He was hanged on 29th March 1857.
  • To commemorate the brave soldier, the Indian government issued a postage stamp with his image in 1984.
  •  A movie on the life and journey of Mangal Pandey was released in 2005, where Aamir Khan played the titular role.

He was hit with a bullet, yet he stayed quiet… more

Bhagat Singh~The Indian Revolutionary

Bhagat Singh~ The Indian Revolutionary

Bhagat Singh is one of the most famous revelationary in Indian Freedom Struggle and is known as Shaheed Bhagat Singh (Shaheed means martyr). He gave a new direction to the revolutionary movement and a goal beyond the elimination of the British. A clarity of vision and determination of purpose distinguished Bhagat Singh from other leaders of his time.

  • Born on 28 September 1907, in Lyallpur district of Panjab Province of British India (Now Pakistan).  His family was actively involved in the freedom struggle.
  • He studied European revolutionary movement and was widely attracted to the socialism.

He realised that the overthrow of British rule should be accompanied by the socialist reconstruction of Indian society and for this political power must be seized by the workers.

  • The incident of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre in 1919 increased his hatred towards the British Rule. He was 12 years old then.

He even collected the blood mixed soil and kept it as a memento that would serve as a motivation for him for his entire lifetime.

  • In 1923, Bhagat Singh won an essay competition set by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. This got the attention of the members of the organization including Prof. Bhim Sen Vidyalankar, its General Secretary. He read a lot of poetry and literature written by Punjabi writers and Allama Iqbal was his favourite poet.
  • Inspiring from the call of Mahatma Gandhi to participate in Non-cooperation movement, Bhagat Singh left the school and joined the movement in 1921.
  • However, in 1922, when Gandhiji suspended the Non-cooperation movement against violence at Chauri Chaura in Gorakhpur, Bhagat Singh was greatly disillusioned. His faith in non-violence weakened and he came to the conclusion that armed revolution was the only practical way of winning freedom.
  • Bhagat Singh joined in the Hindustan Republican Association at Kanpur. After the arrest of the leading figures of the association, he along with the youths formed Hindusthan Socialist Republican Association.
  • He circulated newspapers and notices in different languages to make people more aware about his motives.
  •  In 1928 he attended a meeting of the revolutionaries in Delhi and came into contact with Chandrasekhar Azad. They formed Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha with the objective of establishing a republic in India by means of an armed revolution.

  • In 1928, the British government set up the Simon Commission to report on the political situation in India. Some Indian political parties boycotted the Commission because there were no Indians in its membership, and there were protests across the country. When the Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led a march in protest against it. Police attempt to disperse the large crowd resulted in violence. The superintendent of police, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge (use batons against) the protesters and personally assaulted Rai, who was injured. Rai died of a heart attack on 17 November 1928. Doctors thought that his death might have been hastened by the injuries he had received. When the matter was raised in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the British Government denied any role in Rai’s death.

Shaheed Bhagat Singh respected and idolized Lala Lajpat Rai. So when Lala Lajpat Rai succumbed to injuries by the infamous lathi-charge led by superintendent of police, James A. Scott while protesting against the Simon Commission, Bhagat Singh decided to take revenge and kill Scott. He ended up killing John P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police.

  • Influenced by Auguste Vaillant, a French anarchist who had bombed the Chamber of Deputies in Paris, Singh’s plan was to explode a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly. The nominal intention was to protest against the Public Safety Bill, and the Trade Dispute Act, which had been rejected by the Assembly but were being enacted by the Viceroy using his special powers; the actual intention was for the perpetrators to allow themselves to be arrested so that they could use court appearances as a stage to publicise their cause.
  • On 8 April 1929, Singh, accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt, threw two bombs into the Assembly chamber from its public gallery while it was in session. The bombs had been designed not to kill, but some members, including George Ernest Schuster, the finance member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council, were injured. The smoke from the bombs filled the Assembly so that Singh and Dutt could probably have escaped in the confusion had they wished. Instead, they stayed shouting the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad!” (“Long Live the Revolution”) and threw leaflets. The two men were arrested and subsequently moved through a series of jails in Delhi.

On October 7, 1930, Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru were awarded death sentence by a special tribunal. Bhagat Singh wrote a letter to Viceroy Lord Irwin when he was in prison asking him to execute them not by hanging but by firing squad. But his plea was rejected and he was hanged on March 23, 1931, when he was only 24 years old.


Bhagat Singh’s contribution to the nation is highly remembered. He wanted his death to be the inspiration of thousands of youth at that time and for the generation to come.


Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad

  • A courageous freedom fighter and a fearless revolutionary, born on 23 July 1906 in Bhavra, Madya Pradesh.

 His famous proclamation, ‘Dushmano Ki Goliyon Ka Saamna Hum Karenge, /Azad Hi Rahe Hain, aur Azad hi Rahenge’, which translates into ‘I will face the bullets of the enemies, I have been free and I’ll forever be free’, is exemplary of his brand of revolution. He embraced martyrdom like an old friend and inspired a fierce sense of nationalism in the hearts of his contemporaries.

  • In December 1921, when Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement, Chandra Shekhar, then a 15-year-old student, joined. As a result, he was arrested. On being presented before a magistrate, he gave his name as “Azad” (The Free), his father’s name as “Swatantrata” (Independence) and his residence as “Jail”. From that day he came to be known as Chandra Shekhar Azad among the people.
  • Azad become more aggressive after the suspension of Non-Coperation movement. He met a young revolutionary, Manmath Nath Gupta, who introduced him to Ram Prasad Bismil who had formed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organisation.
  • He becomes an active member in Hindusthan Revolutionary Association (HRA) and started to collect fund for HRA. Most of his fund collection was through robberies, of government property. He was involved in the Kakori Train Robbery of 1925, in the attempt to blow up the Viceroy of India’s train in 1926, and at last, the shooting of J. P. Saunders at Lahore in 1928 to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.
  • He along with other revolutionaries formed ‘The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association’. He was a mentor to many revolutionaries including Bhagat Singh. He wanted complete independence for India by any means.

  • On October 30, 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led a peaceful protest against the Simon Commission at Lahore. Police Superintendent James Scott ordered lathi strike to thwart the advancement of the march.
  • Lalaji was deeply wounded in this incident and died on 17th November 1928. Together with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru, he plotted the assassination of Scott. On December 17, 1928, the plan was executed but a case of mistaken identity led to the killing of John P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police.
  •  Azad along with 29 others were charged in the Lahore Conspiracy Case Trial, but he was among the few who the British authorities were unable to capture.
  • The British so furious and even announced Ruppese 30,000 for the head of Azad. The huge amount of money led to vital information on the whereabouts of Azad. On February 27, 1931, Chandrashekhar Azad was meeting with friends at Alfred Park, Allahabad. A pre-informed police surrounded the park and asked Chandrashekhar Azad to surrender.
  • Azad in the fight killed three policemen and helped his friends to escape safely.
  • After having no ammunition and foreseeing no means to escape, Azad shot himself in the head with the last bullet. He upheld his vow, never to get killed in the hands of British.
  • After independence, to commemorate the bravery of Chandrashekhar Azad, Alfred Park in Allahabad was renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park.

Multiple patriotic films have depicted Azad’s character. In the 2002 Ajay Devgan starrer biopic of Bhagat Singh, Azad’s character was portrayed by Akhilendra Mishra. The patriotism of Azad, Rajguru, Pandit Ram Prasad Basil and Ashfaqula Khan was depicted in Rang De Basanti, a 2006 Bollywood film where Amir Khan portrayed the character of Chandra Shekhar Azad.

The revolutionary who bombed the British Assembly…Read More


Dr. B R Ambedkar~ The Father of Indian Constitution

Dr. B R Ambedkar~ The Father of Indian Constitution

  • Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (1891-1956) was born into a Mahar (‘Untouchable’/ Dalit) family. His father served in the British Indian Army at the Mhow cantonment in the Central Provinces (now in Madhya Pradesh).
  • During his school days, being Dalit,  he was not allowed to sit inside the class. The teachers refused to touch the notebooks of him and his friends. Even they faced difficulty while drinking water as the peon who is in upper-caste pour the water to them from a height. Even Bhim and his friends have to spend the whole day without water when the peon was absent.
  • Bhim was very much interested in learning and his interest has made him the first Dalit to get enrolled in prestigious Elphinstone High School in Bombay.
  • He later won the Baroda State Scholarship for three years and finished his postgraduate education from Columbia University in New York. He passed his M.A. exam in June 1915 and continued his research.
  • He put forward a thesis on the topic “Caste in India” at Columbia University.

“The caste problem is a vast one, both theoretically and practically. Practically, it is an institution that portends tremendous consequences. It is a local problem, but one capable of much wider mischief, for as long as caste in India does exist, Hindus will hardly intermarry or have any social intercourse with outsiders; and if Hindus migrate to other regions on earth, Indian caste would become a world problem.”

  • After completing three important theses that dealt with Indian society, economics, and history, Dr Ambedkar enrolled at the London School of Economics where he started working on a doctoral thesis. He stayed in London for the next four years and finished two doctorates. He was conferred with two more honorary doctorate degrees much later in the fifties.

  • Returning to Indian in 1924 he started to initiate an active movement against untouchability in India. In 1924, he founded the Bahishkrut Hitkaraini Sabha, aimed at uprooting caste system in India. The organisation ran free schools and libraries for all age groups. Dr Ambedkar took the grievances of the Dalits to court, and brought them justice.
  • He also organise march demanding Dalit’s right on drinking water from public well and granting entries for them in temples. Despite getting several attacks and threats from the Hindu upper-caste men, Ambedkar marched to public wells and reservoirs to drink water from it.
  • In the conference held in 1927, Ambedkar criticized Manusmriti for justifying caste system and untouchability. On December 25, 1927, Dr Ambedkar led thousands of Dalits and burnt copies of the text.
  • In 1937, when the British government agreed to hold elections on the provincial level, Dr Ambedkar’s Independent Labor Party won in the Bombay province with a thumping majority. Dr Ambedkar led many social, labour, and agricultural reforms in the region in the years that followed.
  • Post-independence, Dr Ambedkar was invited by Congress to serve as the nation’s first Law Minister, which he accepted. He was soon appointed the Chairman of the Drafting Committee formed to write India’s new Constitution. Article 11 of the Constitution abolished untouchability in every form. Granville Austin in his famous book The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation (1964) described the Constitution of India as one of the most progressive and revolutionary political documents of its time.Read more at:

The British put Rs.30,000 in the 1930s for this freedom fighter’s head….Read More

Subhas Chandra Bose- The leftist Congressman

Subhas Chandra Bose- The leftist Congressman

  • Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 (at 12.10 pm) in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose, an advocate belonging to a Kayastha family. He was the ninth in a family of 14 children. His family was well to do.
  • He was influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna after reading their works at the age of 16. He felt that his religion was more important than his studies.
  • In those days, the British in Calcutta often made offensive remarks to the Indians in public places and insulted them openly. This behaviour of the British as well as the outbreak of World War I began to influence his thinking.
  • He got fourth in the Indian Civil Services examination, but resigned from ICS in 1921 as he don’t want to work for the opponents of Indians.

Writing to his brother Sarat Chandra Bose He said: ” Only on the soil of sacrifice and suffering can we raise our national edifice.”

  • He started the newspaper Swaraj and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee.
  • He became the president of all India Youth Congress and also the secretary of Bengal State Congress.
  • In 1927, after being released from prison, Bose became general secretary of the Congress party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru for independence. In late December 1928, Bose organised the Annual Meeting of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta. His most memorable role was as General Officer Commanding (GOC) Congress Volunteer Corps.
  • Bose emerged as the mayor of Calcutta in 1930.
  • He also researched and wrote the first part of his book The Indian Struggle, which covered the country’s independence movement in the years 1920–1934. Although it was published in London in 1935, the British government banned the book in the colony out of fears that it would encourage unrest.
  • By 1938 Bose had become a leader of national stature and agreed to accept nomination as Congress President.
  • He stood for unqualified Swaraj (self-governance), including the use of force against the British. This meant a confrontation with Mohandas Gandhi, who in fact opposed Bose’s presidency, splitting the Indian National Congress party.

All India Forward Bloc was a left-wing nationalist political party in India which emerged as a faction within the India Congress in 1939, led by Subhas Chandra Bose. He was well known for his leftist views in the Congress. The prime objective of the Froward Bloc was to bring all radical elements of the Congress party. So that he could spread the meaning of complete independence of India with adherence of the application of principles of equality and social justice

An important development in the struggle for freedom during the Second World War was the formation and activities of the Azad Hind Fauj, also known as the Indian National Army, or INA. Rash Behari Bose, an Indian revolutionary who had escaped from India and had been living in Japan for many years, set up the Indian independence league with the support of Indians living in the countries of south-east Asia.

When Japan defeated the British armies and occupied almost all the countries of south-East Asia, the league formed the Indian National Army from among the Indian prisoners of war with the aim of liberating India from the British rule. General Mohan Singh, who had been an officer in the British Indian army, played an important role in organizing this army.

In the meantime, Subhas Chandra Bose had escaped from India in 1941 and gone to Germany to work for India’s Independence. In 1943, he came to Singapore to lead the Indian Independence league and rebuild the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to make it an effective instrument for the freedom of India. The Azad Hind Fauj comprised of about 45,000 soldiers, among who were Indian prisoners of war as well as Indians who were settled in various countries of south-east Asia.

Indian women also played an important role in the activities for the freedom of India. A women’s regiment of Azad Hind Fauj was formed, which was under the command of Captain Lakshmi Swaminathan. It was called the Rani Jhansi regiment. The Azad Hind Fauj became the symbol of unity and heroism to the people of India. Netaji, who had been one of the greatest leaders of India’s struggle for freedom, was reported killed in an air crash a few days after Japan had surrendered.


How National Education Policy 2020 Address the Existing Drawbacks of Indian Education System?

The Union Cabinet approved the first National Education Policy 2020 (NEP) of the 21st century on 29th July 2020. The NEP 2020 received large appreciation from the experts, teachers and students as it addresses the modern demands of the education and bring a holistic dimension to the education. The policy also addressed several drawbacks of the present education system.

Briefing the Major Drawbacks of Indian Education System?

The Indian literacy rate has shown a significant improvement in the past decade with the updated technologies and new government measures but thinking deeply in a practical manner (well I am not able to think in a practical manner!) do the Indian Education System impart an effective education? Could the existing education system help to meet the modern days demand? well, my answer is no! Here are a few reasons:

The basic belief on education.

There is a belief that education means Gradeeee. Never! grades and marks you score are just a small part of the education. But then what is a real Education? I would quote Mahatma Gandhi’s ideology there; Education as a holistic approach where Gandhiji believed life-centred and child-centred education. So my dear reader, If your child/student/friend is good in farming, that is an education; if they learn to sing, that is also an education, if they know fashion, is an education; good in sports, education and even if they know reading, writing and arithmetic, that is also an education. The NEP 2020 follows a Holistic approach and is a hope for the upcoming generation.

Exam Centric Curriculum!

The basic standard to measure a well-educated person as per the Indian Education system is the grade/qualification they receive and not based on the skill. From a young age, the parents and teachers squeeze the child to reproduce a good score for their final examinations, wrapping down the child’s potentials and preferences. Who is to be blamed? I would say neither the parent nor the teachers, but the system which made them like that.

The system which makes the student to eat the entire book for the examinations, the system in which the teachers complete the entire portion by three months and prepare the students to score high marks in the examinations. At the end, the ones with high scores will be under the institution’s glory list and rest under the institutions’ sorry list!

Know how the new education policy tackle this problem.

WIll a Fish climb a tree?? Yes, they will!

You may be familiar with this poster, explaining the Indian Education System:

Definitely the fish will climb the tree because the Indian education is good in building average climbers!!! But, later in the life, the fish will realise that they are more passionate and astonishing in swimming. The question is why they don’t realise this before? Maybe its because our education system was busy preparing question papers for final exams and most of the prepared question papers have nothing to do with our future.  This is why APJ Abdul Kalam said:

“When the students pass out of senior secondary schools, they should have two certificates – of passing 10+2 examination and of a specific skill acquired by him during schooling,”.

According to him, besides the normal curriculum, the children should receive special training towards one skill set which will offer an extra certification which will not only help them get a job after school but also make them aware of how real-world industries function(IndiaToday, 2015).

Drop out? The NEP 2020 has an awesome solution for the Graduates and Post Graduates.

Presenting the Academic Pressure Cooker!

The three groups of people that every student is worried in their education life are 1) Parents 2) Teachers and 3) Neighbours. Most of the students study to convince any/all of the numbered group. If you get good marks in exams its a task for you to maintain the consistency of marks in all exams otherwise you will have to hear this  “Hayyo! What happened to you?”. If you are bad at studies you ll hear “You shameless idiot! just watch and learn from Raju uncle’s Son”.

So from childhood, the pressure starts:

  • From class 1-9-  Trying to be the topper of the class by writing the notes, byhearting it and writing those byhearted notes in paper.
  • From 10 – Turning Point of Life ( People randomly meet us, just to say this)-We have to get good grades and percentages to get admission in good schools for our class 11–12.
  • Class 11th- If we take science then we are considered a good student or else if we take arts/commerce then we are considered average or below-average student. No good student wants to have a below-average tag with them so there is only one option if you are good in studies, Go for science!! and if we take bio-maths, we could land up either as Doctor or Engineer(Wow!)
  • Class 12th board- Here comes the greater war. we have to get the best possible percentage in 12th board because the neighbours will start comparing us if we get less mark than that expected mark (expected mark=neighbours brain molecules who built an expectation level for us).
  • Now, we go to some college and would be busy mugging up things, completing assignment and lab notebooks and we ask ourself  “Why I am learning to weld to be a biotechnology engineer”

If one could keep high grades throughout your academics, Congrats and cheers! he/she becomes the part of those 0.1% whom we call as successful people. Else we would continue to be an average person or just like a fish who learned about its passion for swimming very lately.

In short, in Indian Education System we write Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, Exam, then Job……

The mismatch on What one study and What one Does!

Let us begin within few statistics:

  • Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy’s survey state that the growth rate of jobs halves as education level rise and from the graph it is evident that, the more educated the less percentage of growth. ie; those educated between 6th and 9th saw the addition of 18 million jobs, implying an increase of 26% of jobs whereas those with graduation and post-graduation saw small growth in jobs.
  • We can conclude from this that most of us invest our strengths (money, time and thoughts) in studies and what we earn is something very different. This is a crucial problem of the Indian Education System.

Let me share my own experience, I did my graduation in physics but now I am a social worker, I realised that my passion is not in physics and is for serving society in the middle of the physics graduation (2nd year). I used to regret my wrong decision at times but I used to suppress those feeling by thinking how I enjoyed my graduation period. There are many cases like this around us, the people who realise the real passion of him/her in later life. What if we had a medium to address our preferences and our passions rather than misinterpretations and mismatched decisions. This situation will lead to a Limbo Period (a period where you don’t know what to do or what decision to be taken).

 The National Education Policy 2020- A hope to all Indians…

The union cabinet on 29th July 2020 approved the new National Education Policy 2020. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020(HT, 2020).

Aim– To make “India a global knowledge superpower”

 Renaming MHRD to Ministry of Education

The last National Education Policy which was introduced by Rajeev Gandhi in 1986 which renamed the ministry as the Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) and P V Narasimha Rao served as the first minister of MHRD. On last Wednesday, while presenting the third NEP 2020 of India, announced the renaming of MHRD as the Ministry of Education.

Major Highlights of NEP 2020, pulling down the existing Drawbacks

Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.

  • The age for Right to Education has extended.
  • Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
  • This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
  • Also before, the students only got free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
  • According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).

The (5+3+3+4) structure


  • The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
  • Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
  • The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
  • After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).


  • The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
  • 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
  • 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
  • 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
  • 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).

 More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.

  • As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
  • A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
  • By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
  • Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.

The New Exam Pattern

The concept of exam is a terror for all, even at times we used to curse the one who invented the exam because no exams are students friendly. If you get a good score you have to maintain that score for the entire life and if you have less score you have to hear the whole people comparing you with others. Hey! the good news is..we have a hope…

How National Education Policy 2020 addresses the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System?

  • According to NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
  • Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
  • The results of school examinations will be used only for developmental purposes and for continuous monitoring and improvement of the schooling system.


A Holistic Progress card…

The NEP 2020 has brought a multidimensional progress card which include:

  • Self-assessment, peer assessment and teachers assessment.
  • The card not only include your cognitive analysis but also your social-emotional and psychological assessment.
  • the report will include progress in project-based and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group work, portfolios, etc., to be included in report cards.

Best Highlights of NEP-2020 in Graduation Levels.

4-year of Undergraduate programme FYUP

  • NEP 2020 adopted a four year  UG programme, which was earlier proposed by Dinesh Singh ( former V-C of DU)
  • In FYUP, the conventional three-year Bachelor’s degrees will remain, there will now be a four-year “multi-disciplinary” Bachelor’s programme.
  • Students opting for a three-year Bachelor’s programme can choose a two-year Master’s programme which could be followed by a PhD.
  • Students opting for the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research can go for a one-year Master’s which is expected to make students ready for a PhD programme.
  • To enrol for a PhD, a Master’s degree or the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research is now mandatory; it is not clear whether this is referring to a year-long or a two-year Master’s degree(In Defence of MPhil, n.d.).

Dropping out? Don’t worry you ‘ll gain your credit!

According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, In this decade there is an increase in students opting for higher education but the survey also showed that the people who are dropping out is also increasing. We have discussed the example of fish, who understand its passion later in its life; Drop out happen when the students have no more interest in continuing the education or when he/she identifies ones passion in a different subject. If someone drops the course, what he/she earns is knowledge related to that course and countless shame.

  • NEP 2020 focus on giving credits even though one could not complete his full education.
  • If a student drops in the first year, the student will get a certificate.
  • If the student drops in the second year, will get a Diploma.
  • The students completing the third year will get a bachelor’s degree.
  • The student completing the fourth year will receive a bachelor’s degree with research.

Flexibility in Subject.

As per the second NEP (1986), the students were not having enough freedom to chose their combinations of subjects. The students could only make their selection after the tenth standard. (  Computer science, bio maths, commerce…). Even in college, the students have to go with the complimentary coursed decided by the department.

  • The NEP 2020 envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, and integration of vocational education.
  • Now the students could choose the subjects according to their passion ie: if a student like chemistry and maths but hate physics, he/she could choose another subject.
  • This will help the students to learn different dimensions as per their passions.
  • The students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed until now.
  • This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
  • There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.

Going Glocal!

  • According to the new National Education Policy, foreign universities will now be able to operate in India.
  • This move will add ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save them a lot on dollars. It will also raise the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
  • The move will allow 200 top global universities to operate in India and provide quality education and raise standards of India varsities as well.

Controversy in National Education Policy 2020

  • In a segment called ‘multilingualism, and power of language’, the new National Education Policy (NEP) says “wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language”.
  • “Experts have found when a child is born he starts learning in his home language. It is not just in our country, in countries like France and Germany and even Nobel laureates have admitted that their knowledge of science or any other subject has been better when they studied it in their language,” Kasturirangan said.
  • However, the policy gravely misses out on the factor that many students come from other states and might not know the regional or local language. As a result, its effort to promote diversity and pluricultural in language may go futile.

Summing up, the new NEP 2020, has brought many significant changes to the Education especially focusing on a “modern-demand” of education. The NEP 2020 was widely accepted by the education experts, teachers and students all over the nation. The base put forward by the Narendra Modi’s Government in the education system has become a success but the real essence lies in the implementation of the NEP 2020, which have to be catered from the top cities to the rural areas of the nation.

What is your opinion about the National Education Policy 2020??

Use the Comment box to express your ideas…


Brief History.pdf. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from
Cognitive Learning Theory—The Peak Performance Center. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from
HT. (2020, July 29). New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: School and higher education to see major changes. Hindustan Times.
In defence of MPhil: Why the degree should not be discontinued. (n.d.). The Week. Retrieved 31 July 2020, from
IndiaToday, : (2015). A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s expectations from the Indian education system. India Today.
Key issues that Indian education system is facing. (2019, May 6). The Financial Express.
More students opt for higher education, but even more drop out: Survey—Times of India. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from
Nanda, P. K. (2020, July 29). What does the New Education Policy say about language of instructions? Livemint.
National Education Policy 2020.pdf. (n.d.). Google Docs. Retrieved 31 July 2020, from
National Education Policy foreign universities can set up campuses India NEP 2020 reforms features | Education News – India TV. (n.d.). Retrieved 31 July 2020, from
New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: Key takeaways of NEP to make India a ‘global knowledge superpower’. (2020a, July 29). Hindustan Times.
New Education Policy 2020 Highlights: School and higher education to see major changes. (2020b, July 29). Hindustan Times.
Understanding the National Education Policy 2020. (2020, July 30). Finshots.
Why India Should Worry About Its Educated, but Unemployed, Youth. (n.d.). The Wire. Retrieved 30 July 2020, from


Details! PUBG Banned in India

Details! PUBG Banned in India

Details! PUBG Banned in India

PUBG – A Brief Introduction

Player Unknown Battle Ground (PUBG), an online multiplayer battleground game which is developed by a South Korean video game company called Bluehole.  The game launched in 2017 for Microsoft Windows, but made accessible as a free to play mobile version for android as well as iOS in 2018. The game received greater reviews from the critics and was also nominated for the categories “Game of the Year” and “Best Ongoing Game” at the Game awards. The game also received the 35th Golden Joystick award for best PC game and 36th Joystick award for best mobile game(‘PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds’, 2020).

The Indian Digital Strike.

  • The Military standoff in Sino -Indian border from the month of may has led to aggressive melee, face-offs and skirmishes among both countries.
  • In order to save the country’s sovereignty and security, the government of India decided to ban 59 Chinese apps in the first phase.
  • Apps like, TikTok, Helo and WeChat, UC Browser and ShareIT are some of the prominent apps which were banned by the Indian Government.
  • In the second phase of the digital strike, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) took the decision to ban 47 more Chinese apps.
  • Another 275 apps are under the radar of the Indian Government as those apps could hinder national security.


    On Wednesday, September 2020 the Ministry of information and technology banned PUBG along with other 117 apps were banned in India.

Is PUBG a Chinese Game??

  • PUBG  was developed and published by PUBG Corporation, a subsidiary of South Korean video game company Bluehole.
  • Initially was made available for Microsoft Windows through the Steam store.
  • The PUBG game became a part of the Chinese market when the Bluehole company( South Korean) partnered with China’s biggest gaming company which is Tencent (Chinese).
  • Tencent introduced PUBG MOBILE, a mobile version of the game and that is how it became a Chinese App.

Is PUBG banned in India?

Even though many in the country support banning the Chinese apps to ensure the digital security of the nation, the PUBG fans have requested the authorities not to include the game in the ban list.


On Wednesday, September 2020 the Ministry of information and technology banned PUBG along with other 117 apps were banned in India.


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Interpretations for PM Modi’s “April Diwali” in Nation; Based on Religious, Political, Philosophical and Social Perspectives.



On Friday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered a speech where he appealed to the citizens of India to turn their lights off and light candles or turn on their mobile torches on Sunday, April 5, 2020 between 9 pm and 9.09 pm in a collective effort to battle coronavirus. Narendra Modi’s speech about appealing the citizens to light lamps and torch to mark the fight against County’s fight against Corona Virus was widely accepted by the nation amidst large criticisms…

As the clock struck 9 pm on Sunday, as appealed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, lights went out in most houses and people gathered in balconies, flashing mobile, lit candles and diyas while in many places, there were group parties and celebration in fire.

PM’s asked the people to light the Diya and torches with high precautions..( social distance, indoors or balconies, for 9 minutes). But the reality was inverse in many places( Gang celebrations, Go China Virus slogans, rallies…so son..). Amidst strict lockdown policies, why did people formed groups to celebrate the event??? Did PM’s appeal got misinterpreted by the people all over the nation??? 


Difference in thought Process, leading to Interpretation…

People have distinct thoughts based on the achieved beliefs and experiences.


Individuals are more likely to adopt a modeled behavior if the model is similar to the observer and has admired status and the behavior has functional value”       -Albert Bandura, Social Learning Theory

People thoughts are based on the religion in which they believe, the culture they live in, Political party they support,….so on… The Prime Ministers appeal to the people for lighting diyas and lamps were interpreted differently by people. These interpretations are raised from the perceived perception each had; it could be their cultural thoughts, religious thought, social thoughts or say political thoughts. So all the criticisms and Support on “April Diwali” are right!!!! They are sensible considering each individual. But what if the thoughts of an Individual is Poison for the society, and what if those thoughts cause harm to the community, like the thoughts of Hitler causing harm to Jews?????

Well! Let’s see few  Diwali Night interpretations;

When the Diwali appeal gained a Religious Interpretations…


“Jai Shri Ram” echoed in the streets and people could be seen with fire torches; singing, chanting, shouting in groups. The message of Modi was interpreted highly in based on religion(especially concerning Hinduism and astrology ) in the nation. The beliefs about the decimation of coronavirus using fire were widely accepted by uneducated religion- orthodox groups leading to bizarre shows in public. Even people said ” Viruses spread in the environment are burnt to dust with fire”…

On the other side, Other religions interpreted the act as, part of Hindu rituals and oppose the appeal of PM about Diwali Night. They shut the lights off and asked their God to save them from hell Virus ( Corona)…

All were right in their interpretation……

Political interpretation on “Diya Night”…

The political leaders supporting the BJP party celebrated the Diwali with great enthusiasm. Wait a second!!! its BJP’s birthday coming !!!. Interpretations raised when the party followers thought it, as a chance to celebrate the 40 years of BJP and organised rallies in street and all party leaders lighting lamp as per the guidelines.  BJP MLA from Mysuru, S A Ramdas, said that

“If lamps are lit, the viruses approach the lamps and get destroyed by the heat of the lamps. Modi has thought of this idea in order to ensure that viruses should never occupy people’s houses,”(When religion get interpreted by politicians for their followers).


UP CM Yogi Adityanath lights earthen lamps to form an ‘Om’, at his residence. PM Modi had appealed to the nation to switch off all lights of houses today at 9 PM for 9 minutes, and just light a candle, ‘Diya’, or flashlight, to mark India’s fight against COVID 19…

PM Modi also drew flak from the opposition who asked him to focus on real issues and plan policies to contain the COVID-19 impact on the nation and its economy. Senior Congress leader and MP Shashi Tharoor said PM Modi’s speech offered no vision for the future on how to ease people’s pain and financial anxieties. “Listened to the Pradhan Showman. Nothing about how to ease people’s pain, their burdens, their financial anxieties,”.


Moreover, Congress leader P Chidambaram, who has been vocal about his criticism for the BJP-led government, requested PM Modi to listen to experts like epidemiologists and economists. There was also criticism considering this as the second national gimmick by PM for getting the support from the migrant labourers who were forced to return back home in the absence of food or wages in the cities

All were right in their interpretations…..

When April Diwali got a Philosophical interpretation…

There were two profound philosophical presuppositions to PM Narendra Modi’s exhortation to the nation. First One, was based on his quotation from the first sarga of the Kishkindha Kanda of the Valmiki Ramayana:

उत्साहो बलवान् आर्य नास्ति उत्साहात् परम् बलम् ।
सः उत्साहस्य हि लोकेषु न किंचित् अपि दुर्लभम् ॥४-१-१२१॥                                                                       


There is no greater strength, O noble one, than enthusiasm;
For one endowed with enthusiasm, nothing in this world is difficult.

The implication of these words by Lakshmana to his despondent elder brother, Rama, is unmistakable.

  • The fight against the coronavirus pandemic is as much psychological as medical or logistical.
  • If we lose our nerve as a nation, then our mental despair will also spell our corporeal downfall.

Second, The second postulate was that “Janata Janardana,” the personification of the composite populace, is a form of the Divine.

  • In times of crisis, if a direct साक्षात्कार or realisation of this force of the combined will of the people is manifest, it would add greatly to the spirit and confidence of the country.
  • To light a lamp in the dark night of the nation’s soul as a symbolic gesture of solidarity and resolve can thus be a deeply transforming and constructive act, especially during a curfew or lockdown.                                                                                                                       Makarand R. Paranjape
                                           Director, Indian Institute of Advanced Study 

Social Interpretations for “Diwali in April”…an Act of Solidarity.

On the other side, people lit the diyas, candle or torch to showcase their solidarity,  united to fight the virus.diya-1586105090

  • India is a diverse country with unique cultures, traditions and life patterns. There were times when clashes and conflicts arose among the people in the name of land, religion and cast.
  • For many people, this was the time to light diyas and torches and raise it amidst all diversities and proclaims that India is united… So they lit lamps by maintaining social distancing, peacefully in their apartments or in their homes…


  • Thoughts like bringing people together by generating a sense of national purpose will ease anxiety and frustration amid the unprecedented lockdown.
  • For many, the lights were the appreciation for the heroes in health sectors and heroes out there in the community to fight the virus…

Solidarity between Oppression!!… Revolutionaries interpretations!!!

For many the act of solidarity was stupid as criticism evolved when people think why should they light a lamp;

  • When the country is divided based on religion and caste.


  • When people blame other groups for the ownership of the virus (#coronaJihads is an absurd concept)… 


  • When there are no arrangements made for more beds and ventilators…balcony-seat-o
  • When the people of the country have no idea about its present economy…


  • When the salaries of nurses which were pending for months get cut off……


  • When PM come in live for giving tasks rather than putting forward a strategy to deal with the virus…


All were right in their interpretation…

Yes All Were Right In Their Interpretation!!! But Who Were More Right???

The answer to the question of who was more right lies in the future outcomes!…. Even in the past, there were opposing views and thoughts towards the government(every government) decisions and acts. A giant political party like BJP with a strong base in all states was a subject of criticisms, especially for their Hindutva(religious) agendas. But history has showed us amidst large negative judgement and reviews the party could maintain its large followers and even could influence the followers of other parties. The past PM’s appeal of Thali bajao gained criticism similarly but, as far as no cases of the virus were reported after the act, all the judgement went in to vacuum.

So in this event of April Diwali too, all interpretations are right!! Unless there are cases of the virus reported due to the Diwali incidents arise…


This blog is done after researching the above questions and from my personal experience after lighting the lamp from Kerala.


Take LockDown Seriously!!! Let’s Break The Chain!!!

The Religions Impact on Corona Out Break; The Super Spreader.

How did the Corona virus escalated within a short span of time? Is it due to high number of  congregations rather than social distancing??? Before beginning, as a person who believe in Break the Chain rather than Break the Nation…there is no writing on religious (Hindi,Muslim,christian,Jain,…….) issues in this blog.


Corona and Religion

The Novel Corona Virus 2019 pandemic is creating an increased panic and trepidation among people. In most affected countries, one of the major reason for the outbreak of the virus is religious congregations. The people have a false belief that the God will protect one even though if they are out in-group/congregations for charismatic ambitions during the virus outbreak. The religious heads and leaders inflate these ideas of religious gathering, for fighting the virus. It’s just like dusting off the mud while standing in a muddy pit. God is not stupid enough to forgive the one causing harm to the people…God’s peace is with the one who stay in home quarantine…

The Dashing Virus Multiplier in South Korea – Shincheonji Religious Group.

The Shoncheonji Religious group an offshoot of Christianity is one of the major reason behind Virus out break in South Korea, especially in the city of  Daegu. As per the religious culture rule,

even though if a person is sick he should come for the prayer services in Sundays and if he cant attend the prayer service on Sunday he should find time and come on Monday or Tuesday”…more than that, the followers sit on the floor packed together for  long hour  of prayer services..


  • The leader of the sect Leen Man – Hee, an 88-year-old pastor who founded the church, claims that he is the second Jesus Christ and is immortal. Even Jesus in my knowledge has not said that he is immortal!!…
  • All 230,000 members of the church have been interviewed. Nearly 9,000 said they were showing symptoms of coronavirus.
  • The government found 31 positive cases and thought that the cycle came to an end. Within a few days the life in South Korea became normal, people started to travel in buses, metro…and suddenly it happened as
  • A 61-year-old female member of the sect was tested negative for COVID, later came back after ten days as she was sick, was tested positive. In ten days, She had attended two congregations each one having more than a thousand participants.
  • When the government initiated the check-up, the number went up from 20 in the first a day to 1000 within a week.
  • The 61-year-old women gained the title of “Super Spreader” in South Korea after this incidence
  • Later they discovered a branch of this church in Wuhan and the way virus come to Korea.

This was one of the first example for religious congregation spreading the Virus….

Baldev Singh; The Super Spreader of Virus in Punjab.


Baldev Singh is the first confirmed Corona Virus fatality in Punjab. Baldev Singh a 70 year old Kirtani cum preacher who returned after attending two weeks of congregations from German and Italy(the countries worst hit by the virus), was asked by the government to be in home quarantine.

  • He kept his travel history hold from the government
  • Did not pay heed to the government advisory, Baldev attended the Hola Mohalla festival at Anandpur Sahib, a city in Rupnagar district of Punjab. The festival held over three days between Mar. 10 and Mar. 12, around 300,000 usually attend the event each day, camping out and enjoying mock battles, music, and poetry, as well as large communal kitchens.
  • He Kept on visiting the devotees home blessing their babies.
  • He had a direct contact with over 94 people, who further had contact with 500 people.

Out of then 33 cases found in Punjab 32 were due to the contact from the Great infamous (now) Baldev Singh; The first Indian Super Spreader.

Tablighi Jamaat meet and the dispersion of Covid 19.

Tablighi Jamaat, a non-political global Sunni Islamic evangelical movement of Indian origin, is termed as the largest known viral Vector on Novel Cornoa Virus in South Asia. In India it has been one of the most influential religious movement in 20th century among Muslim.


  • In Malaysia, the organisation conducted a meeting in February 2020. At that time there were no travel restrictions imposed in India.
  • More than 620 people connected to this movement has tested positive in Malaysia. Most of the 73 corona virus cases in Brunei are tied to the gathering, as are 10 cases in Thailand.
  • This organisation gathered a meeting in Nizzamuddin markaz in Delhi from March 10 to 13. Preachers and people from Malaysia and Indonesia are said to have been at Nizamuddin for this congregation.
  • These foreign preachers were mostly stationed at Uttar Pradesh (132), followed by Tamil Nadu (124), Maharashtra (115) and Haryana (115). At least 1,500 preachers had already left for various destinations by March 23 after a few of the members had developed symptoms but no one thought about the virus.
  • When reports last came in, more than a 100 attendees, including 50 in Tamil Nadu, 24 in Delhi, 18 in Kashmir, 15 fresh in Telangana and nine in Andaman and Nicobar had tested positive for the disease.
  • It is estimated that from January 1 this year, approximately 2,100 foreigners visited India for preaching purposes. While 824 of them, as on March 21, were dispersed in different parts of the country, 216 of them stayed at the Nizamuddin Markaz.
  • Now many may be left to their villages, unknowing the infection in them, formed clusters of the organisation in their villages and towns; a high chance for super spreading.

Kerala and the great Attukul Pongala festival amid coronavirus scare.


After reporting six fresh cases of Corona in the Kerala state, the Health Minister dismisses to call off the festival in which Millions of women participated. Even though there were serious precautions took by the health department for the devotees coming to the festival, but the number of the people present were in huge mount. There were no cases reported after the festival but conducting such a large festival in a state with fresh cases of COVID was not a good decision.

  • The state government’s decision to let the festival happen has raised eyebrows as it goes against the World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines suggesting that people, especially children and elderly, should avoid crowded areas.
  • The government has been claiming that the Pongala could not be avoided as preparations have been on for months and that no positive cases were reported during the time.
  • But even 24 hours before the festival, Sunday saw five positive cases of the corona virus in the state’s Pathanamthitta district.
  • There is a wide criticism on the Kerala Government as they allowed to conduct the festival due to a political gain rather than religious gain.That is; looking forward to the local body election which is to be held in October and the state election in 2021. “After the Sabarimala controversy, the LDF government in Kerala is scared. Pongala like Sabarimala is a sensitive issue and, clearly, the government is not bold enough to ban the festivities,” said the Thiruvananthapuram-based political commentator Jacob George.

Hope LDF had few hyper pressure sleepless nights….

Yogi Adityanath’s Ceremony inside the Ram Janmabhoomi amidst Modi’s Lock down.


Hours after the Prime Minsters appeal to the people on 21 days complete lock down and strictly observe social distancing, The chief minister of UP along with 20 others attended a ceremony in Ayodhya. The video footages reveal the lack of social distancing among the members. The large plan on conducting the festival was dropped due to the lock down but this act of Yogi and his friends were not appreciated by many leaders and people around the world as it go completely against the words of  Prime Minister.

Religion V/s Superstition for COVID-19

The Great “Thali Bajao” event; and the mass gathering rather than Distancing.


The Thali Bajo event announced by PM in his COVID speech, even though lead to appreciation in may places but was a disaster when superstition get caught on it. Social Medias have brought people celebrating the event in festive-mood at different places of the nation. The superstition of elimination of virus  when they get subjected to the noise of plates was widely spread and some how people believed it, took plates, formed possessions, danced…. praising lord, singing, beating….Thali Bjao to Corona..

The Great Cow dung bath and Gaumutra party; rather than a Proper Hygiene


Swami Chakrapani Maharaj, president of the Hindu Mahasabha—a century-old organization that advocates Hindutva (or “Hinduness”)—declared that “consuming cow urine and cow dung will stop the effect of infectious corona virus.” The swami added that a “person who chants ‘om namah shivay’ and applies cow dung” on his body “will be saved.” The Sanskrit chant is a salutation to Shiva, a Hindu deity. The videos of people having a Cow dung bath, standing in the sun saying its divinity is viral in Social Medias…                                                                                                            *Meanwhile Speechless WHO!

Gaumutra Party!


People lined up for their share of cow urine being poured from kettles into ‘kulhads’, at a ‘gaumutra party’ (cow urine party) here organised by Swami Chakrapani, the president of the Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha.The event began with a ‘yagna’ and prayers to the cow and the virus itself, asking it to leave peacefully and not kill any more people. A large poster in the backdrop depicted an avatar of Hindu god Narsingh as the virus.At the event, Chakrapani claimed that COVID-19 is an “avatar” that has “come to punish those who eat non-vegetarian food.”Asking for forgiveness from the virus on behalf of meat eaters, he pledged that Indians will never eat meat again. “Coronavirus has come because of the people who kill and eat animals. When you kill an animal, it creates a sort of energy that causes destruction in that place,” said Chakprapani at the event.“They (global leaders) should get cow urine imported from India because the almighty resides only in the Indian cow and not in any foreign breed,” he said.

GO CORONA! CORONA GO! The Abstract chants rather than giving some Hope…

In the prayer meeting held in Mumbai, Union Minister of state Ramdas Athawale led chants of Go Corona! Corona Go! along with his Chinese friend. The video got viral and gained international criticism.

Union Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Dr. Ramdas Thawale along with Chinese counsel General Tang Goucai take out a candle march

Have Fear For Corona too!

Its true that every religious person have fear in God. Likewise everyone should fear Corona too! bcz Corona does not check out if you are a believer, an agnostic or an atheist.  Recently there was a twitter post of GOD( Someone who claims to be God in twitter), with a mask in his face and saying to the one who gathers in the name of him;Untitled g

Several Religions were also role model in controlling the spread of the pandemic especially, The activities like; closing the Mecca, The Live telecast of prayer service from Vatican, closing down the churches and temples….so on are good signs in the battle of Corona. Try to be in your home self quarantine and protect the community form the spread rather than acting stupidly. #StaySafe


The Chinese Govt. and Few Indian College Govt; A Subjective Comparison.

# a Subjective thought

Peoples Republic of China, the party which runs the Chinese government proclaims the concept of “New Democracy” by Mao. They has a president head and the president is the authority in finalizing the decisions; wait a second!! is that a democracy????? what about the freedom of press, what about the freedom of speech???? f2f81f1a-4511-11e7-935d-dac9335a3205_image_hires_174320 cg4baaf9c8319530

Now whenever I hear something about Chinese Government, I relate it with few colleges in my country, India. The college give its citizens(students) freedom to talk, freedom to express feelings, freedom to raise voice but the way management( The president who runs the government) want it to do so.

  • Whenever I see the citizens who are part of such college governments, I feel sad as they survive in the four cornered  hi tech walls. Happy that I did my under graduation under Democratic environment with natural walls.

Freedom of Expression!

  • The right to expression is different in these college governments. The citizens could express their talents, artistic skills, thoughts and feelings by either supporting a happy content or by praising the managements achievements. (Realities, self scripted talents,  uncommon , politics – Get suspended or dismissed).
  • I still remember in my college, few students performed a dance with  religious characters, got dismissed just for the reason that college was ran by a religious management.


Your Relations!!!

  • The relationship statuses has no values as they could be misinterpreted by the super egoists in the government who uphold the morals of a gender discriminated ancient society.v-day

What bout your Freedom of Speech!!!

  • What bout Freedom of Speech????? If you want to do a drama, speech, street play the scripts have to be analysed by government’s caretakers and should be flexible enough to support the president and the government of college. There was an incident in my college; The student who made a troll on the exam department criticizing one of their mistake, was given ta warning, as the exam department got an emotional break down after seeing the troll.1_Qd2WfgjLqD4IQRB4Ybw8tA

The Democratic Structure!!!

  • The College Government has the post of chairperson, vice- chairperson, secretary  so on…. I  relate them to The Great  puppet shows!!! where the puppet’s body is tied with colorful threads and yes!!who controls its motion; The President sits in the cabin and control their flow.


NO you don’t have the Voice bcz!!!!

  • But, the fact is no citizens would raise their voice against the college government as they have clean environment(artificial gardens), Celebrations( Under the sun with DJ lambs, but hey! NO Dance!) High Technologies( masking their reality with vitality), Arts Fest (Sorry for the Freedom of Speech), Sports Day(We hate some events¬ college government), College day(Sorry! the package doesn’t support one), Union Valedictory( Yes, Dancers will be executed). no-voice_1x

Studying in such a college government will make one more responsible and well managed,  the citizen will definitely reach heights with the skills they accrued under such autocratic climate of the college. But what about the social skills of the citizen?? will they be able to solve a social problem happening in their life?? Will they know what is happening around them???

At time i feel like the fresh and innocent citizens are fooled by few crooked heads who hide the reality from them and attract them with fake promises and illogical plans. Wait a second is this how we catch a fish; we make a delicious worm hook so that the fish get attracted, we put it in an area rich with fishes,… fish come……. get hinged -the story ends….


The Great Man Theory and Political Leadership in India

Well! before getting to the blog, this is a subjective topic and is my personal view points The blog does not mean to harm any personal or political sentiments. I got this view point from Thomas Carlyle’s Great Man Theory. How could one relate it with the leadership in different political parties.


What does The Great Man Theory says?

The Great Man Theory is a leadership theory put forward by Thomas Carlyle in nineteenth century. The central theme of the theory is that “Leaders are born, not made” that is;  the capacity for leadership is inborn. According to this theory, you’re either a natural born leader or you’re not. The trait theory of leadership which is an extension of the Great Man Theory is an early assumption that leaders are born and due to this belief, those that possess the correct qualities and traits are better suited to leadership.

The Congress way of Choosing a Leader; Leadership crisis in Congress

The congress party of India, a well established party with strong and educated political leaders which has contributed lot to the nation’s development, has a weak structure in the present political scenario. We could see lot of internal disputes and splits inside the party.

One of the major dispute in the party is on the topic “Who Will Lead?” , One group will hold the party’s family pride and will opt for members of the Gandhian family as their top priority whereas other group opt members who have the quality and skill to lead the party. Meanwhile BJP won the election with a Chaywala as its leader.

The Party has a strong line of thoughts, creating a gap between the Old generation and the New generation. The old Generation who is loyal to the Gandhian family think that only a Gandhi could do the job of leading the party, like before. Their belief is much supported by the Great Man theory where the traits determine the leader.  The New Generation who support Rahul Gandhi has a different thought about the leader, which looks for the skills and qualities rather than traits. The Old generation’s view on sailing the ship with captain born from a Gandhian family will make less sense in the 21’st century as the people are seeing better captains through different medias. The respect for the Gandhian family is always served…. as there where good leaders from the family, which does not mean that everyone belonging to Gandhian family are leaders. 

Rahul Gandhi after resigning from his post and asked the party to elect the head, Jyotiraditya Scindia, who is one of the potential candidates for the party post, then said: “Already seven weeks have passed, the Congress Working Committee needs to decide the next president of the party.”  well! he is now enjoying a seat in BJP and hoping for the CM post in MP.

What about BJP??

If Congress is Dynastic then BJP is democratic in choosing its leader. As far as the Modi government is considered, they believe in Behavioral Leadership theory rather than trait theory. David McClellan has said that “Leadership is not on the basis of trait but the motive to be a leader“. Thus what they do is they train their follower to be the best leader, If needed they even teach them Hindutva for Hindustan!!!… They  find the best fish in the pool and catch it before others do whereas Congress feed the fishes in the pond and get them old. If a chaiwala could do it, I am also capable?….. they instill hope in every persons mind about the chance of being a leader. The  BJP approach of choosing its leader seem better to me than that of Congress..


The capacity to lead is the major quality to be in Politics. The internal disputes on the subject leadership has dismayed the structure of the political parties and thus leading to political crisis. We even witnessed a crisis  past week in Madya Pradesh. The role of both youth politicians and the aged politicians are important to maintain the democracy.  The youth leaders voice will definitely influence and motivate the other youths in the society. The Senior leaders experience are  important in holding the dignity of the political parties. Thus its time to shift the views of the political parties from a Great Man Theory perspective to a democratic view where the Old and Young political leaders  join their hands and lead the people to make India more Democratic and Developed.