SC in India

                                                SC in India

The scheduled castes are the caste or race of the nation who are socially, economically and educationally backwards due to the age-old practices of untouchability and other factors like poor infrastructure, poverty and malnutrition. The constitution of India through principles of liberty justice equality and fraternity protect and safeguard the SC and ST in the nation.

Constitutional provisions.

The constitution of India through Article 14 consider every citizen equal before the law and Article 15 prohibit discrimination on any grounds especially caste. Through article 341 the definition for the scheduled caste is given and Article 16 (4) give provisions for reservations in public employment. Further, the educational and economic welfare rights are guaranteed through Article 29 and 30 and the Directive Principles of State Policy, through Article 46 asked the government to make special provision for the welfare of the scheduled caste.

SC in India

Issues faced by Scheduled Caste.

The schedule caste and Scheduled tribes who account for 25% of the Indian population face a severe crisis of malnutrition and infant mortality. Illiteracy in this category leads to high unemployment. They have less access to health care. During the pandemic, India witnessed a migration crisis leading to a more increased rate of unemployment. The digital divide in this category also prohibit children from accessing quality education during the pandemic and this may lead to an increase in child labour. Also, the death of parents due to pandemic make children orphan and abandoned leading to illegal adoption and illegal trafficking.

Overcoming Challenges.

The Indian government under the Ministry of Social Justice and empowerment enhance the wellbeing of the scheduled caste through educational economical and social empowerment.

Educational Empowerment: The government under the ministry provide scholarships for SC students. The pos-metric scholarship for sc students(PS-SC) is one of the largest educational scheme of the government with 100% assistance. Through National Fellowships, their higher educations like M.Phil and Phds are guaranteed. The Overseas Scholarship Programme also promote abroad education for SC students. The recent initiative of the government, The Ambedkar Social Innovation and Incubation Mission, promotes entrepreneurship among the sc students.

Economic Empowerment. The National Scheduled Caste Finance and Development Corporation provide loans, skill training measures and assistance to the sc caste. The Venture Capital Fund and Credit Enhancement Guarantee scheme promote entrepreneurship development among the Scheduled Caste. The VCF has disseminated a fund of 200 crores from the year 2014.

Social Empowerment: The government guarantees the social rights of the Scheduled Caste through legislation like the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe ( Prevention of Atrocities) act, 1989 to ensure they are not discriminated against based on untouchability (Article 17) and prevent from exploitation. The prohibition of employment and rehabilitation of manual scavengers act protect the SCs from manual scavenging and rehabilitate them. 

Through effective policies and programmatic interventions, the government ensures the wellbeing of the Scheduled Caste and help them in meeting their needs protecting the SCs of the nation.

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Indian Socialism

The Indian Socialism

The Indian Socialism.

“There is no Democracy without socialism and no Socialism without Democracy”  – Rosa Luxembourg

The ideals of socialism state the social and economic doctrine of public ownership than private ownership. The Indian Constitution solemnly resolve its people to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Republic Nation. The principle of socialism was added to the constitution through the 42nd amendment act during the emergency period. Indian socialism promotes social and economic welfare among people and prohibits exploitation in any manner.

India follows democratic socialism which has a blend of Marxism as well as Gandhian socialism and leans more towards Gandhian ideologies of Truth, Ahimsa, Trusteeship and Decentralization. During the pandemic, the services to the people were catered through the public health care system which is a true example of Indian socialism. The three major developmental aspects of Indian socialism are: 1) Rapid growth in industries and agriculture through which the Indian economy was developed 2) Public sphere contributing to the development of industries helping the nation to be self-dependent and 3) Mixed economy, to help people meet their needs with the help of private companies under a set of rules. Even though socialism in a nation accounts for social-economic development through social policies, land reform movements and cooperative policies, it has not yet fulfilled its objective.

Several policies from the liberalization policy of 1990 to the recent farm bills question the absence of public ownerships and raise criticisms for privatization. Discrimination and inequality is still a challenge in India. Socialism accounts for the upliftment of the marginalized sessions. Several people get denied their right to education, employment and faces mental and physical abuses. Senior citizen and Transgender are other categories who don’t get their rights served. We also spend a very little percentage of GDP in Public Health care causing a short of more than 3000 PHCs in the Nation. The Human Development Report state that we have only 8 beds for 10,000 people whereas China has around 40 beds for 10 000 people.

Through effective social policies and programmatic interventions, we are addressing several issues. For instance, the Elderly Inclusion programme of Kudumbashree promotes social inclusion among senior citizen in Kerala. The initiative of the National Institute of Defense along with the National Backward Class Finance and Development Corporation to allow relief funds to the trans genders during the pandemic and protecting them through Garima Greh promotes socialism in the nation. The discrimination against women is prevented by making laws strict through the Domestic Violence Act, 2005, Nirbhaya Act, 2013, Sexual harassment (Protection Prevention and Redressal ) Act, 2013 etc. The Bati Bacho Beti Padao Andolan, Mudra Scheme, Balika Samridhi Yojana ensure equality for women.

The aim of socialism is to enhance the well-being of the marginalized session and help them to meet their needs. By understanding the issues in the community, bringing effective planning and locality organization, through proper implementation and by periodic social audits, we could promote Indian Socialism.

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Jal Jeevan Mission 2024 for “Indian Water Self-Sufficiency”.

Jal Jeevan Mission for “Indian Water Self-Sufficiency”.


Water scarcity is non-availability of the freshwater to meet the demands of the individual. The world is presently at water stress due to the unequal distribution of climate, water pollutions, environmental hazards, depletion of the groundwater etc. Due to these reasons, two-third of the global population lives in a water crisis today and half of the world’s cities experience water pollution.

Jal Jeevan Mission

India is also a country that depends on various resources for freshwater. The increasing demand for water due to an increase in population and over-exploitation of water has lead to water scarcity in many communities. The Government of India’s effective role in the rural drinking water supply sector started in 1972-73 with the launch of the Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP). During the period 1972-1986, the major thrust of the ARWSP was to ensure the provision of adequate drinking water supply to the rural community through the Public Health Engineering System.

The second-generation programme started with the launching of Technology Mission in 1986-87, renamed in 1991-92 as Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission Stress on water quality, appropriate technology intervention, human resource development support and other related activities were introduced in the Rural Water Supply sector.

The third-generation programme started in 1999-2000 when Sector Reform Projects evolved to involve the community in the planning, implementation and management of drinking water-related schemes, later scaled up as Swajaldhara in 2002.

Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency

How Jalanidi Project Quenched the thirst of People in Kerala.

Kerala is known for its developmental and literacy rates but due to various activities and environmental degradation process happened Kerala started to experience water scarcity. Each decade showed an increasing level of scarcity.

It was then a revolutionary project was announced- The Jalnidhi Project. The idea of the project received wide appreciation and the project has received aids from World Bank. Utilising the 72nd & 73rd amendments in Panchayati Raj Act, the project worked in a decentralised manner where the Local Self Government took the project to the community level.

Jal Jeevan Mission

The Idea of Community Taking Charge…

The project sought to help villages plagued by chronic water shortages, making special provisions to include vulnerable people such as tribals, scheduled caste communities as well as fisher-folk within the project’s ambit.

Small groups of households who wanted better water supply were helped to come together to build and run their own water supply schemes. They were helped to dig new wells (to tap into the upper layers of water) drill bore-wells (to tap into deeper aquifers) or build systems to draw water from the state’s numerous springs, streams, rivers and lakes. They were also helped to build storage tanks and lay downpipes to distribute water to village homes. While the state government bore the lion’s share of capital expenditure (75%), the gram panchayat paid 10 %, and the beneficiaries themselves 15%.

Community groups determined the timings and duration of water supply to member families and levied service charges to meet their operation and maintenance expenses. A number of communities installed water meters to curb consumption.

The Project’s success has helped dispel a number of long-held beliefs: one that piped water supply is a privilege only for the better-off; and two, that the poor are unwilling to share the capital costs of their schemes, or pay the cost of operations for the water they use.

Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency

Success Stories

  • With water now available at the turn of a tap within family compounds, rural women have gained the most. They no longer have to spend hours collecting water for their homes, freeing up their time to work to supplement family incomes.
  • A group of water users in Minalur is among the most successful under the project. The group – that caters to the water needs of 215 households – bears all maintenance costs, carries out regular water quality tests, holds monthly meetings, and maintains accounts properly.
Jal Jeevan Mission
the beneficiary of the Kerala government’s innovative rural water supply project, supported by the World Bank.
  • Over the years, the group has saved Rs. 350,000 from user charges, using the interest to fund welfare measures for members such as providing scholarships, helping the poor with health expenses etc.
  • The quality of water has also improved and the incidence of diarrhoea and dysentery has reduced dramatically.

When the residents are satisfied, the village councils too are happy. Earlier, people were always complaining about the lack of water supply, and ‘dharnas’ – or protests – were frequent, says V. V. Kuttikrishnan, president of Erimayur gram panchayat (GP) in Palakkad district. “There is peace in most Jalanidhi panchayats now,” he adds.

Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency

From Jalanidhi to Jal Jeevan Mission

Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency.Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency.Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency.Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency.Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency.Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency.

The success stories of the Jalanidhi project has laid stones for the Jal Jeevan Project under the Ministry of Jal Shakti. Jal Jeevan Mission is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India. The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through greywater management, water conservation, rainwater harvesting.

The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission. JJM looks to create a Jan Andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority. The Vision of the Project is to provide Every rural household has a drinking water supply inadequate quantity of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in living standards of rural communities.

The broad objectives of the Mission are:

  • To provide FHTC to every rural household.
  • To prioritize the provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought-prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings
  • To monitor the functionality of tap connections.
  • To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among the local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan)
  • To assist in ensuring the sustainability of water supply system, i.e. water source, water supply infrastructure, and funds for regular O&M
  • To empower and develop human resource in the sector such that the demands of construction, plumbing, electrical, water quality management, water treatment, catchment protection, O&M, etc. are taken care of in short and long term
  • To bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water and involvement of stakeholders in a manner that make water everyone’s business. Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency

Jal Jeevan mission if implemented in a structured manner could address the issue of existing water stress in the Nation and will make the community expertise in water management.

Reference Links:

World Bank on Jalanidhi Project.

Ministry of Jal Shakti-Jal Jeevan

Videos on Jal Jeevan

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Jal Jeevan Mission for Indian Water Self Sufficiency

Kerala Model Floods-The Main Culprits


Kerala Model Floods- The Main Culprits

Kerala Model Floods- The main Culprits


Kerala has got a unique way in dealing with any fields which the people and the government come across. We generally call it as a “Kerala Model”. The state fought against the 2018 and 2019 floods valiantly-a “Kerala Model” where people of various religious, social and financial status stood as the “ONE” against the roaring floods. Likewise, a Kerala Model against both Nipah(which fought and won) and ongoing battle against Covid-19. These models were both nationally and internationally praised. Besides this “a Kerala Cult” in education- from “pallikoodams” (setting up schools near Christian Churches) to “aashathis” (specialized language tutors).

Despite all this, it is unfortunate that the state also has a “Kerala Model Flood”. The 2018 flood (flood of the century) and the 2019 floods are the best examples of it. The 2019 flood-affected all parts of the state which was left out by 2018 flood….a weird act of the nature!. All these floods are wake up calls for the people and the government. Everyone must ask questions-“Why do these recurring floods occur?”. Finding answers to the above question also shows the ways to tackle the same.

So before getting into it I would present you some facts and reports about the previous floods which struck Kerala in 2018 and 2019. These statements will clearly give a picture of how intense these floods were, by affecting the socio-economic and financial structure of the state.

According to the 2018 flood reports submitted by KSDMA (Kerala State Disaster Management Authority), fatalities were 483 (this is an official number), but unofficial reports sums up more than 500 people and a 140 missing. These numbers are huge as it states that within a span of 2 weeks of flooding more than 500 people were dead. The economic and financial portfolios were also affected as the flood produced a staggering revenue loss of 479635 lakhs(a value comparable with GDP of the state).(I don’t intent to point out the revenue loss in different fields like agriculture,… cause it may seem boring to you readers). 

Visit the link given above to get a crystal clear idea of the revenue loss regarding various fields.

In a sense, when comparing both the floods I would say that 2019 flood was more dynamical because of a series of landslides in Wayanad. Many parts of the state lay on the belly of “geologically sensitive” Western Ghats. This means that within very less time(decades)  it’s going to crash land on the state if the present situation continues.

Eye-watering photos of the 2020 landslides in Munnar may repeat every year. Unimaginable but true that a part of the hill got separated and slid over residents even making it difficult to retrieve the dead from mud and stones-“a mass grave by nature”. A clear statement by the nature that- “If you hurt me I will hunt you down”. We have to learn how to live with nature, not living over the nature.

After the 2018 floods there were debates (in news channels) on why these floods occur and how to tackle them. But the same repeated in the next year and those 213floods seems to be just news material for a fun-filled debate session. And even this year, big debates on floods are loading………

Questions on those debate sessions are the questions of common people and those who are deceased. An affected (like myself) may ask a simple question “Why do these occur?”. A high-school student would answer it and we all know the answers to it. Still it haunts cause the people to turn their faces against the truth basically for two reasons( to preserve the hidden agendas and also because people do not know the worse extent how it could affect the present and how worse it can be in the future).

Rain is assumed to as the main culprit of flooding. Considering this case, let me point out a fact that South West Monsoon has dominated Kerala for centuries. It is an integral part of the state’s climate system and it is known in Kerala as “Kaalavarsham”. From it the state receives an average of 204 cm rain.

On saying all this I wanted you to consider two periods of Kerala. Let’s say the year 2019 which received a rainfall of about 230 cm(a 12% from the normal). And likewise the year 1975 also received about the same value that of 2019. So while considering the two years 1975 did not have a flood while 2019 had to face flood. Readers, please don’t jump into the conclusion that rain is not a villain (Rain must be the secretary of the right hand of the main villain and that is of course “Us”).

Monsoon has undergone through a serious of changes in the past few decades. So what is that change? The rate and the intensity of the rain has increased like a 10fold. That is, the South West precipitation is distributed over 4 months of monsoon. (With June and July receiving highest rainfall following the next 2 months). This is the normal case. But now the situation has changed, as per the records the monsoon precipitates at its maximum in August and September preceded by conventional type of rainfall in June and July.(Its quite natural for you to think that” Monsoon just changed its months but what effect does that cause”). To clear that clutter let me clearly point it out with the records of IMD. Kerala receives its 1month rainfall in just a few days. That is August must receive 100 cm rainfall in 30 days. But now within 5 days, 100cm rainfall pours down.(which is close to be called as cloud bursts).

On 07/08/2020 from 10 30 hrs to 11 30 hrs I placed 3 rain gauges around my house within a radius of 10 meters. And I could record a rainfall of 2.56 cm for just one hour. These numbers are so alarming. Because a 10  fold of rainfall must have fell on the forest and mountains. (Athirapilly and Ezhatumugham).

To understand the effect of it I will ask you to do an experiment. Make 2 models of small-scale mountains(identical) using mud and stones. Let it set for some time. Now take a bucket of water and within 10 secs pour down the whole water on to a model.

Then make small holes at the base of the same bucket and now let it rain over the other model from the same height.

Please comment your inference. Use old buckets……and I also prefer funny inferences.

This is what happens in a landslide and as a result, flood caused by the same. The cloudbursts are caused due to changes in the cloud structure. Clouds start to develop vertically above the normal(due to pollution-induced aerosols) and later it grows so heavy to pour down gallons of water in few time spells and over a specified region supersaturating the land surface and pushing down the slopes of the hills. No one can even imagine, a village being swept away by a part of the hill.(This is what happened in Wayanad(2019) and Idukki(2020).

Now rain has reached the surface and the next thing is the flow of collective water(rain) over the surface. Riverine flooding is a natural phenomenon. Comparing with the number of rivers in Kerala(44) riverine flooding is quite natural. The 44 rivers and all its tributaries make a well-defined riverine system in Kerala. But “How is it dangerous to people?”.

How many of you believe that more than 60 per cent of various tributaries do not exist any more and many of them have are on the verge of disappearing. Intrusion by people have killed many tributaries and small streams blocking a well-defined outflow system of flooded river. “This blockage is not as tall as the sky”. Water flows over it washing off villages and residents. ”Nature takes back what is taken away from it”. But here the most extreme condition is when the river tends to change its course due to a block in its normal flow. This is what happened in 2018 where Chalakudy river changed its course and flowed over a village.

Now, what if the rain pours over urban residential areas? There should channels only created for disposal of rainwater or a more efficient way of rainwater harvesting. What if both are absent or what if the existing drainage system is inefficient? That is where water gets logged and causes flood. The extreme condition is flooding in Chennai. Waterlogging in urban areas will prolong for more time as water can’t surpass through huge cement basins. Now what if huge discharge of rain over urban areas happen? A large swimming pool over houses and people……? Maybe…..

Besides all of this, there are many low lying areas in the district of Alappuzha. For many decades embankments prevent it from flooding. But failing of these embankments are common as for earthen embankments. Flooding is so common in these regions of yearly failing in those which prevent flooding.

Next question arises what if dams get filled? Yes, the obvious answer is to open the shutters.

The 2018 flood was also influenced by mismanagement in operating dams. Kerala has 33 dams and reservoirs. Dams get easily filled when there is an above-average rainfall which is mainly concentrated in the infields of forest which is the source of dams. So what if there is communication gaps between the forecasting department and dam management authority. A serious threat to super flooding.

The best example is the 2018 flood. An active monsoon over residential areas were followed by another active monsoon over the forest areas. The later was least excepted which forced dams to be opened.

But this year dam management was better as many dams were opened before it reached its maximum level.(A proper communication between forecasting and dam authorities.)

So now let’s deduce the main villain for the Kerala Model Flood. From the above points, it is clear that the humans are the supervillains. Many would deny it. But the truth is that the root cause of floods are humans themselves. But the fact is that we are unaware of it, because it is our life processes which become a direct and indirect cause.

What we should learn is that we are both heroes and villains. What the Keralites did during the floods were undeniably heroic. But the real fact is that we caused all the problems and solved it. So what if we do not become the cause of it or we could mitigate our deeds which causes flooding, then we will have a more heroic part in us.

I personally believe that these floods have cheated their entrance time and came early. It really must have come in the future when we are fully equipped for it. We are the accelerators but we can do way more than that(in a good way). We are the game-changers.



Also Know How National Education Policy 2020 addresses the existing drawbacks of Indian Education System?


Disaster! Assam Flood 2020- A Conceptual Study

Assam Flood 2020- A Conceptual Study

The River Filled Eyes of Assam

The “Brahmaputra floods of 2012” was one of a kind, that dismantled the state of Assam. The aftermath of “the great flood” was a wake-up call for the governments. The 2012 flood caused lives of 124 people including children. The  Brahmaputra overflowed, breaching embankments, flooding both agricultural and residential regions, affecting a total of more than 6 million people. The flood showed no mercy even to the animals, flooding  Kaziranga National Park and other 14 districts.

According the flood reports submitted by the government, about 540 animals died in the National Park – a sum of 16 one-horned Indian rhinoceros, numerous Asian Elephants, swamp deers, porcupines and water buffaloes- “ an integral part of food cycle”

Assam Flood 2020- A Conceptual Study

    Breached embankments and flooded Kaziranga National Park (Source: Times of India)

Assam is a flood-prone state and it can be proved with the flood reports of 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019 – Drowning more than 600 lives; a revenue loss of more than 2000 crore every year due to “Annual Floods”. Assam floods also have endangered many animal species – One-horned Indian rhinoceros, and Asian elephants.

“The last decade has reported a death of  more than 100 rhinoceros by “Annual Floods- flooding the national  park”

Assam flood in 2019 – Kaziranga National Park, Assam   (Source: National Geographic)

Since 1950, 14 major floods have struck Assam, making the state “the most vulnerable areas to flood” in India.

2020 Assam Flood

This year is also a “no-stranger” to the Assam Floods. The government has reported it as one of the great floods of the decade.

The flood report depicts the intensity of the flood.

Total number of people died66
Number of districts affected28
Number of villages affected3014
Total crop area affected1,27,955(hectares)
Total population affected35,75,832
Total number of relief camps and inmates711       ,    51,421
Animals affected>25,00,000

(Source: Assam State Disaster Management Authority) (Dated:17/07/2020 )

Why is Assam such a flood-prone area?

The flood season in Assam commences at the month of June with the onset of the South-West Monsoon. Almost every year three to four waves of flood ravage the flood-prone areas of Assam.

5 prime reasons for “super-floods” in Assam.

Intense Monsoon

The long-term rainfall data for Assam, however, shows a decreasing trend that has accelerated since 1981. The annual average rainfall for Assam is 1,524.6 mm. “Assam receives more rainfall than any other states”.

But as per the reports, the average rainfall in Assam is decreasing, but each year the flood is getting intensified. The reason is that there are many other interlinked factors causing the flood. But intense monsoon also imparts its role towards “Annual Floods”.

Brahmaputra River

Assam is built on the banks of the Brahmaputra. It divides the state into Northern and Southern Assam.


Hydro-Geomorphic “  features of the state is mainly influenced by the geographic location and characteristic features of the Brahmaputra- width, areas over it flows, tributaries and riverine discharges.

source: Opindia News

Brahmaputra is both a boon and a curse for the Assamese. For half of the year, it is a boon- drinking water by huge underground water reservoirs, watering the crops, discharging natural fertilizers. For the rest of the year it is curse by flooding habitat and crops



“How come the river be a curse?”

Brahmaputra is a glacial river. It originates in the Manasarovar Lake”  region a close proximity to the Northern Himalayas.(Mount Kailash”).So it has huge water discharge throughout the whole year.

  • The glaciers melts during the summer and the huge water discharge reaches Assam during the on-set of monsoon causing an increased water level till the off-set of monsoon.
  • Brahmaputra is widened as it enters Assam. It can go as wide as 10 km during the monsoon, engulfing the banks. The average width is 6 km.
  • Huge sediment discharge makes its tributaries braided which intensifies the “super flood” every year.

Pollution Induced Global Warming

Global warming is directly linked with uncontrolled melting of glacial ice which becomes a super source for the glacial rivers. It increases the water discharge into the rivers causing flood. ”Super floods “ in Assam is interlinked with the summer glacial discharge and monsoon discharge.

Glacial ice are a good reflectors of radiation. That means there is a negligible melting of ice due to absorption of radiation as they have comparatively high albedo ratio. So the enhanced glacial melting is an outcome of deposition of “black carbon” on ice. Black carbon has poor albedo ratio making them good absorbers of longwave radiation of the sun.

The fine particles absorb light and about a million times more energy than carbon dioxide”.

Emission of industrial effluence causes high deposition of radiation-absorbing aerosols- black carbon and dust of industrial raw materials.

Black carbon concentrations near the Gangotri glacier rose 400 times in summer due to forest fires and stubble burning from agricultural waste, and triggered glacial melt, says a study by scientists at the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (WIHG).

India is the second largest emitter of black carbon in the world, with emissions expected to increase dramatically in the coming decades. Black carbon is the second largest contributor to climate change behind carbon.



“The melting of glaciers in the Himalayas have doubled over the last two decades to around 20 inches in a year- which is equivalent to 3.2 million Olympic swimming pools of water every year”

Black Carbon deposited on Himalayan Glaciers

Source: Tree Hugger

Ill-built Embankments

  • Assam’s flood management depends on the embankments built over regions where the river could overflow over the danger mark.
  • “Embankments -bank of earth for constricting the overflow of flooded river over crops and residential areas.”
  • Several hydro-electric projects (dams) over the river were planned but was of least efficiency cause it floods several areas of Arunachal Pradesh and low lysing Assam. The large width of the river also made these projects inefficient and impractical.
  • Embankments have failed to constrict the overflow in Assam.
  • Embankments in Assam are not built under proper studies and plans. Terrain is uneven and embankments built on uneven earth could not constrict flood over low lying regions even though it is embanked.
  • Ill maintained and poorly constructed embankments.
  • Flooding over braided tributaries have sunk several embankments due to “super discharge”.
  • “197 earthen embankments have been damaged or breached this year”, reported by ASDMA.
  • A mono-strategical approach towards the flood management is least efficient leaving the officials with no “Plan B”.

Human Impinging

  1. Human habitation near the embankments have increased vulnerability to floods. They are exposed to flooding due to poorly built domicile which cannot withstand “Annual Floods”. Government has taken no interest in rehabilitating people near embankments.
  2. Uncontrolled deforestation near the banks of the river – soil erosion which leads to overflow and as result land slides of elevated areas underneath it.

What next?

The government has failed to look into these primes and to make a study of it to control and manage flood.It has drowned thousands of lives of humans and animals.

“Governments are not addressing the problem at the source. – they are firefighting”.The measures of governments are “short term” and “amateurish”. An integrated studies of different flood-prone regions must be undertaken and manoeuvre must be guaranteed by the experts and governments.


9 more dead in Assam floods—The Hindu. (n.d.). Retrieved 19 July 2020, from
Assam Floods: Latest News, Photos, Videos on Assam Floods—NDTV.COM. (n.d.). Retrieved 19 July 2020, from
Assam Floods: News, Photos, Latest News Headlines about Assam Floods—The Indian Express. (n.d.). Retrieved 19 July 2020, from
Home | Assam State Disaster Management Authority | Government Of Assam, India. (n.d.). Retrieved 19 July 2020, from
IMD | Home. (n.d.). Retrieved 19 July 2020, from

Surviving the Greatest Pandemic~ Depression


DEPRESSION, DEPRESSION, DEPRESSION. The whole world is running behind depression all of a sudden. But Why? At present mental health is spoken in an emphatic voice. We randomly see posts, quotes, stories of it in and outside social media. Do you think depression is an illness that is only destined for certain people? 

Depression is an illness that many people have been facing for some time but it is sad to acknowledge the fact that we humans have taken a long time to discuss depression on social platforms. According to the statistical report, more than 264 million people of every age are under depression. 

Nobody is born into the world tagged depressed. It is one’s battles in life, their experiences, and their run to prove themselves to society rather than being their true self that lead them to the path of mental illness.

In this competitive world, it is difficult to manage one’s emotions in the right proportion. Family is the place where one starts to learn the first lessons of life. Just by teaching your kid, how to graduate with prestigious degrees is not enough instead, teach them how to enjoy and to find happiness in small things. Make sure that you turn out to be a friend to your child, a friend with whom they could share their happiness and sorrow without a second thought. Be an understanding parent to your child without a prejudiced mind when they come up with their difficulties. 

Schooling is one of the important phase in shaping one’s character, therefore, the roles played by teachers and peer groups are equally important as that of one’s family. In the present curriculum, it is equally important that we should emphasize on inculcating social values into the same.  

Let your actions speak louder than words. Yes, you read that right. Being there for someone at the right time may change their lives for better. Just a smile or a message or a small talk would make the difference.

Remember that everybody may not be lucky as you are, they may not have a sound background. Be thankful for your well being and make sure you would be there to lend your ear to listen to the ones in need.  Learning and practising these values from childhood will definitely make oneself better in the long run

It is good if we learn life values, compassion, treating and talking to others nicely, being there for others, building mental strength, social interaction and other values from our small age. Yeah, we will be taught by our parents and teachers but, not all students are privileged to learn it from home. Apart from value learning we mostly learned about scoring good marks, not to fail, to be successful in life, and so on.

But somewhere down the lane, no one taught us life lessons like learning to rest when we are tired, being there for each other, to love everyone without a prejudiced mind.

Being there for the right person at the right time may flip their life for good. So let’s encourage mental awareness from childhood. And we can hope that there will be more happy ones than sad ones.

Depression is not a blame game. It is just an illness like any other illness. We cannot accomplish success as a sole person. Only when people start to be there for each other we could accomplish success in this journey.






Also See:

The Religions Impact on Corona Out Break; The Super Spreader

Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism; A Curse to Indian Film Industry-Part 1.

Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism; A Curse to Indian Film Industry.

In a letter denying permission to screen the award-winning film Lipstick Under My Burkha in India earlier this year, the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) wrote that the film was a “lady-oriented film… with a bit sensitive touch about one particular section of society”. The letter sent to the filmmakers sparked outrage. Eventually, the Bombay high court overruled the CBFC.

Patriarchy and Male Chauvinism

The image shown below is the letter from the CBFC;



Cinemas are medium for social reforms. It is not only a piece of art but a tool for expressing human feelings and idea of the contemporary society. With a value of over 180 billion Indian rupees and producing more than 1500 films per year, Indian Film Industry is one of the largest. Even sustaining the high position, the industry’s distribution of the opportunity in a gender-equal mannerism is a question mark!

why gender inequality and discriminations high among women in the film industry??? What are the situation of the women filmmakers and women-centric characters?? Why are filmmakers thinking from a male audience perspective for making and marketing films?? Why male chauvinism is high in Bollywood?? How Kerala women filmmakers won the battle against patriarchy??

Even when women shines gloriously in various fields like science, space, business and writings by marking their breakthrough achievements, the film industry still showcase male chauvinism and patriarchy in various forms.

Gender Inequality in Indian Films…

Before Independence…A Period of High Patriarchy.

  • In the initial stages of history, the media was handled largely by men and the media images of men and women were tailored according to the preference of men.
  • Being an extremely patriarchal society where the male has a dominant role and women being subordinate of men, highly reflected in Indian Cinema.
  • Inspired by ‘Manusmriti’– an age-old Dharmashastra written by Manu for followers of Hindu faith – a female actor is never allowed to transgresses the scriptural paradigm that mediates women’s role as always in obedience and servitude to man, like Sita – the scriptural paradigm of femininity.
  • In the beginning, the role of women in Indian cinema was always subjected to be an obedient daughter, taking care of her sibling, helping mother in the kitchen and marrying a man of her fathers choice.
  • Another role include as a self-sacrificing mother who don’t have any desires in her life.
  • The third and most abused image of a woman presented onscreen is the role of an ideal wife. Wife who sacrificed everything for her husband. Thus, the wife is expected to be immensely devoted to her husband at the cost of her own pleasures, desires, and ambitions. This ideal wife has to be sexually pure, taking care of the children and live faithfully under the dominance of her husband and once she becomes a widow should lead her life embracing the husband’s memories.
  • Later in Films, there were differences showcased between good women and bad women. The bad women who usually is against the values and beliefs of the society. The dichotomy between good-bad women were popular in films, which distinguish between the heroine and the negative women. whereas men always remain centre character and control other characters and was always pure…
  • Apart from the patriarchal system, the caste system was also a curse to the Indian film industry before independence and portraying a heroic character from the untouchable will certainly lead to failure of the film.

The portrayal of women in the film reflected the societies thoughts before independence where women were considered as impotent, defenceless, low and dependent on the males. In such a situation introducing a role change in films may disturb the patriarchy system and the film would be a fail.

The first Malayalam movie Vikadakumaran directed by J C Daniel in 1930s out of his passion for making a film was stopped screening by the upper caste men as the film portrays a low caste woman as the heroine ( well depicted in the film Celluloid, directed by Kamal).

Indian film post Independence…The Curse of a patrilineal System!

The Indian Film Industry gained more colour after independence. The women gained more freedom from the husbands and four-cornered walls to an open workforce society after feministic movements in India.

  • The representation of women in Indian Cinema has increased after independence but since a patrilineal system( where descent and inheritance are traced through the male line and men are generally in control of the distribution of family resources.) governs the society, the characters given to the female actress were of the same kind.
  • 1980 saw the beginning of the action era in Indian Film Industry where the men were highly worshipped by the audience for the extraordinary superpower he had to fight bunches (12*n) of enemies in the air.
  • The heroines lost their strength and space to the hero. She was reduced to a glamorous component of the films. She danced around trees, kidnapped, raped or get killed.
  • It was the time when the people start to believe the superpowers of the actor is real, started to get admired by their romance, fight and saving poor people from crooked villains. The fan power for such heroes raised in such a way that the incidents of people electing film stars as the chief ministers and leaders are evident in a few states.
  • In such a high time for men in cinemas, the roles of women were less accepted by the common people and female-centric films saw a failure in common people as it showcases the struggles of women rather than thrillers and actions.

Thus in post Independence, the contribution of women in Indian film has increased but always stayed down the line of the patriarchal society. The film gained colour, high sound system, more clarity and high technology but the women still get biased due to highly existing gender discrimination in the society.

#Challenge 1

Hey, have you ever watched these movies????

Well, Good, you may have watched a few( great, if you have watched all) of those movies.

Indian Film Post- globalisation…Liberated but Controlled! 

Globalisation has shifted society to another dimension where liberalisation plays an important role in bringing gender rights. The second feminist wave evolved in America get reflected in India and gender equality in the Indian film industry has stepped up.

  • Still, there were criticisms and patriarchial symptoms which supported mass male-dominant films, where women were considered as an “adding beauty character”. The advancement in film technology rarely supported the women audience and looked from a men perspective way.

Vast differences between the male and female characters also occur in their respective occupations onscreen. While men are shown in their workplaces, in meetings with their colleagues or even in uniforms and hence ‘on duty’, women are largely shown within the domestic sphere—their labour within the home rendered invisible by its marked absence.

Sexism in Indian Film
  • The studies shows that Bollywood stands high in male chauvinism in films. In 1995, it was a leather jacket-clad Raj from Aditya Chopra’s debut, Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge, who found no issues with ‘flirting’ with a woman travelling with her friends, even after she has asked him to back off. The study takes an expansive look at the next couple of decades as well. Whether it is Rahul in Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), Rancho in 3 Idiots (2009) or Barfi in Barfi! (2012), a woman’s personal or professional space is often taken for granted.

A recent analysis which shows about sexism in Bollywood;


  • Sexism is not new to Tamil and Malayalam cinemas, the industry has long been an example of stereotyping, misogyny as ‘macho’ (and macho is always a man!). The whistles, that heroes receive when they berate a woman, chastise her or do moral policing explains the embedded ‘chauvinism’ in Tamil audiences. While these stereotypes flourish under ‘creative freedom’, the glorification of ‘male chauvinism’ has become a genre by its own right.

Characters and dialogue

Male characters account for nearly twice as many as female characters (Graph 2) in the credits. Try looking at the number of dialogues between the male and female protagonists and the latter only manages to cross one-third of the total figure.

Dialogue Distribution among men and women in films

Controversies surrounding Women in Cinemas…

The Post-modern society after globalisation and its impact on liberalisation leads to advancement of high technologies in films. There were may female directors contributing to the Indian Film Industry and most of them have women-centric characters in their films.

Deepa Mehta’s  Fire and Water

  • Women centred films, where women have tried to break the conventions have stirred immense conflicts and controversies in the Indian society. Films like Fire, directed by Deepa Mehta(1998), became the recipient of several international awards when it was released in the US and Europe in 1996.
  • This movie depicted a romantic relationship between two sisters in law in an urban, middle-class household of North India. The film when released in India gained extensive criticisms, especially the rigid Hindu families.
  • The Shiv Sena an extreme right-wing of Hindu organization led by Bal Thackery, violently opposed the screening of this movie leading to riots. According to them, this film’s story attempted to degrade Indian women, and it encouraged the collapse of marriage and family.
  • Another film of her, Water (2005) which showcased a plot supporting the right for women. There were large criticisms and riots all over by the same group which destroyed her fame in her last film.

The main reason of this riot was not due to the portrayal of women like her previous film Fire, but it was because a women director was daring enough to make a period film that divulged the dark side of Hindu religion, especially to the Western audience.

  • The various religious and political groups anticipated that this was an attempt
    to make an anti-Hindu unit for the West. It was further believed that there was political doctrine and plan behind organizing a nuisance even before the shooting of the film.

Aandhi (1975)


  • This political drama centres around a woman politician whose appearance was uncannily similar to that of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
  • This led the film to face allegations that it was based on her, especially Gandhi’s relationship with her estranged husband.
  • However, the filmmakers had only borrowed the protagonist’s look from the Prime Minister and the rest had nothing to do with her life.
  • Even after its release, the director was asked to remove scenes which showed the lead actress smoking and drinking during an election campaign and the film was completely banned during the national Emergency later that year.

Bandit Queen (1994)


  • The biographical film is based on the life of Phoolan Devi, a feared woman dacoit who led a gang of bandits in northern India.
  • Phoolan belonged to a poor low caste family and was married to a man three times her age. She later took to a life of crime.
  • The film, directed by Bafta-winner Shekhar Kapur, was criticised for its excessive use of abusive language, sexual content and nudity.
  • Despite the backlash, Bandit Queen went on to win the National Film Award for Best Feature Film.

The Pink Mirror (2006)


  • The Pink Mirror is the first mainstream film to have two transsexuals as protagonists.

  • While it was a groundbreaking moment in Indian cinema, the Central Board of Film Certification had other opinions, calling the film “’ vulgar and offensive”.
  • The Pink Mirror remains banned in India but it went on to win the Jury Award for Best Feature at the New York LGBT Film Festival and the Best Film of the Festival at Question de Genre in Lille, France. You can catch the film on Netflix now.

S… Durga (2017):


  • Initially called Sexy Durga, the film’s name was changed to S Durga by the CBFC while giving clearance with a U/A certificate.
  • The film also received 21 audio mutes but no scene cuts. Directed by Sanal Kumar Sasidharan, the film highlights the patriarchal set up in Kerala through the eyes of an eloping couple and the horrors they endure on the way.
  • The film, which was first included in IFFI Goa, was later removed from the Indian Panorama section at the behest of the Union Ministry (which considered the title to be insulting to Hindu sentiments).
  • The director then approached the Kerala High Court, which in turn ordered the film to be screened at IFFI.

Kasaba (2016):


  • The film was criticised for glorifying misogyny, more so as it showed Mammootty playing a cop who makes sexually explicit remarks to a lady officer and get away with it, accompanied by celebratory BGM.
  • Two years later, actor Parvathy found herself in the eye of a storm when she criticised Mammootty for acting in a film like Kasaba that glorified misogyny. That was enough for his fans to go on a rampage on her FB page, demanding an apology and showering her with every expletive available in the dictionary.
  • Of course, Parvathy did no such thing and issued a counter-attack, with the adage OMKV – or go to hell for all I care (being the kinder translation) – at those who targeted her, like director Jude Antony Joseph. She proudly hashtagged herself as feminichi and resolutely stuck to her guns.

Portrayal of Men and Women in Indian Film…

In most movies its common that the hero who, initiate a fight as the villain( men) catch his shoulder leading to vengeance and revenge and to add beauty to the revenge in the film he falls in love with a girl that he sees from a bus, helping the blinds to cross the road or bargaining with the flower seller(slow motion). Romance, Songs, Rain dance are welcomed as per the wish of the hero and at last the villains Kidnap his girl, threaten the hero through the phone. Hero will reach the place to fight the villains in air and take back her(slow motion)` happy endings…

Another simple way to analyse stereotyping in films is by closely looking at the trailers of the films. The trailers have a major portion of it as male-centric hiding women faces.

Research analysis on 880 Bollywood movies


  • The use of vulgar words on women by the hero boost the audience and waves of claps and whistles echo in theatre.
  • There is a scene in a Malayalam movie where the hero is proposing a woman with a blatantly chauvinistic dialogue. He says he wants a woman whom he can kick around after returning home sozzled and who would deliver his babies and wail when he dies.
  • There are also characters like Jose Alex IAS from the movie king who says a long dialogues suppressing women.



I feel I shouldn’t have written it. When I wrote it, I never thought of belittling women or even degrading the gender, it was just contextual for the film. Those who clapped for those lines have later found it disturbing. If I knew that what I was writing based on a situation will have a different interpretation in the future, I wouldn’t have written that. Definitely, I regret it. If a woman who sits in a crowd finds that my dialogues in the film is degrading her gender or has offended her, I agree that it was a mistake from my side. But I would like to make it very clear that I have never intended to demean anybody.   ¬ Renji Panicker 

Research analysis on the adjectives used on men and women in Indian Films
  • Not surprisingly, gender stereotyping extends to the kind of roles male and female actors enact and the occupations they are shown to be engaged. In most films, it is evident that the males have the roles of doctor, police officers, gangster… and females have the roles of teacher, secretary, student…



It’s evident than even in films which are widely accepted by the audience( both male and female) there are plots and scenes which show misogynist dialogues. Mind it, these are superstars who can profoundly influence the psyche of the average film-going youth. When they glorify such misogynist scenes in their movies passing it off as heroism, it can have disastrous consequences.

Marketing Strategy Of Indian Films…


  • Film marketing and advertising play a key role in the success or failure of films, and films are also sites for advertising.
  • Research shows that in India, The largest film audiences come from poor lower caste and lower class urban males (Ganti, 2004).
  • This group numbers around 165 million. They have low levels of disposable income and, as men have much higher status than women, women are more likely to be confined to the home than men, though they still attend the cinema, in lesser numbers.
  • Key aspects of Indian society that film advertising represents and encapsulates are the preoccupations, tastes and fantasies of the predominantly male mass market that are being targeted. The pulling power of stars, along with the genre of the movie, is the main attraction for audiences.
  • The movies are marketed from the perspective of men as the audience in the theatre is more men than women
  • There is a change in trend in film marketing in states like Kerala in which the audience accept films both artistic as well as entertainment films and the question of whether the film is “suited for the family” is often asked among the audience a yes to the question is a green flag for the family members( men and women) to be in the theatre or else is men who go for watching it.

Gender Discriminations in the Indian Film Industry…

562928-gender-pay-gap-thinkstock-040617 (1)

Equal Pay????

  • Despite the continued efforts of activists and policymakers, in many ways, gender equality is still a pipe dream. Research shows gender discrimination mostly against women and in favour of men in many realms, including the workplace.
  • Even though the overall gender gap in India has reduced slightly from 2104 to 2015, according to Monster Salary Index, women on the whole still make 25% less than men, and as many as 68.5% of women in Indian workforce feel they have experienced wage inequality.
  • The actresses are paid much less than actors in the  Indian industry even though they have established their stardom through films.

The gender pay gap in Bollywood results from the patriarchal mindset of society, which does not see women as heroes, superstar Amir Khan has said.

  • Globally in Film Industries, the trend of paying less to female stars than male stars are evident form articles and researches… Even Globe itself is a Patriarchal village…


 Casting Couch…


After the #metoo movement, the women were strong enough to raise their voice against the sexual harassment and discrimination they faced. Casting couch, one of the evil in the Indian film industry faced by newcomers was one such harassment faced by women for entering in to cinema.

  • It was the film industry which gave us the term casting couch. Today it remains a professional body where that couch has become almost institutionalised.
  • The metaphorical casting couch is the place where young newcomers, seeking to break into the world of glamour and glitz, are often forced to offer sexual favours in return for roles.
  • And it continues to exist because the laws regarding sexual harassment in the workplace have never applied here.

The casting couch refers to a mentality in which directors and filmmakers take undue advantage and favor from aspiring film actors or actresses. The youngsters are provided with the filmy option in exchanged of sexual favors.

#metoo campaign

  • 2018 saw the rise of the #MeToo movement in India. Inspired by a global campaign against sexual harassment and assault, women across the spectrum opened up and shared their stories about abuse by men in positions of power.
  • And it began in October with actress Tanushree Dutta accusing actor Nana Patekar of sexual harassment while shooting for the 2008 film ‘Horn Ok Please’.
  • What followed was a series of posts by other women who shared their experiences with the world. From actors, film directors, artists and writers and politicians, women professionals called out obnoxious behaviour at the workplace.
  • From unwanted attention in the office to sexual innuendos on the film set, there were many kinds of allegations that surfaced.
  • But, the #metoo challenge does not exile the accused people as they continue to work in the Indian film industry.
  • People who were called out are back at work; they have neither been proven guilty nor acquitted. On the other hand, women who came out have had to face a pushback from the industry…

Kerala Way of Fighting Patriarchy in Indian Film Industry…


Casting couch was visible all over in the Film Industry. The risk for a woman to enter into a profession that she like is tough in a patriarchal society and in film it is far too risky.

  • As the time moves, the role and power of women in the society also increased. Now she has the support of her family and friends to enter in Film, She works hard for her passion to be an actress and she knows how to speak and stand for her right.
  • But is that enough?  But what about the large mass of women… the extras, the group dancers, the aspiring starlets, the production assistants and many others, for whom the job means survival? To whom do they appeal when things go wrong? What do they do when they get pregnant or have small babies to nurse? Do they get proper changing rooms and toilet facilities on site? Do they get properly paid?
  • These were the questions which were asked before, but does not get answered and yes it get an answer now…in Kerala…

Women In Cinema Collective (WCC)


Equal spaces and equal opportunities for women in cinema.


from the left: Rima Kallingal, Manju Warrier, Deedi Damodaran and Anjali Menon


  • It was formed after the horrific abduction and assault of a leading film star in Kerala and work for the right and welfare of women in Film Industry.
  • On November 1, 2017 Women in Cinema Collective was registered as a society in Kerala.


  1. WCC works towards building a safe, non-discriminatory and professional workspace for women in cinema through advocacy and policy change.
  2. WCC encourages more women to be a part of the industry through outreach initiatives for career advancement opportunities, industry support, and mentorship opportunities for its members.
  3. WCC showcases the creative acumen of women by curating films and bodies of work by women.
  4. WCC seeks to create awareness about gender bias and exploitation faced by women in the film industry,  both onscreen and off-screen.
  5. WCC promotes responsible filmmaking practices accelerating the work culture transformations required for a gender-just film industry and cinema.


  • Punarvaayana a major activity done by WWC which focused to bring awareness in the society on issues such as exclusionary workspaces, workplace exploitation and gender discrimination. The initiation of the programme has brought together several successful women from various fields to address these problems.
  • On May 18, 2017, WCC submitted a petition to the Chief Minister Kerala, requesting an inquiry and prompt action on the sexual assault case, against a prominent film actress in the Malayalam Cinema. Later WCC also publicly condemned and revolted against the decision of AMMA to reinstate actor Dileep back into the association. 


WWC members with Chief Minister of Kerala


  • WCC members have requested the intervention of the government to formalise wage structure and welfare schemes for women working in the film industry such as maternity pay and tax subsidies for production crews that have at least 30% women representation, among many others.
  • WCC requested the Kerala government to start more movie production-related technical courses that provide direct employment opportunities for more women and provide for more women’s reservations in government-owned studios.


WWC’s announcement on launching a film society, named after PK Rosy



A statement that you my friend..are making in a million unheard voices!And to those voices I apologise..for at an age and time when I wasn’t wise enough..I have been part of films that celebrated misogyny..I have mouthed lines that vilified regard for your self respect and I have taken a bow to the claps that ensued. NEVER AGAIN..never again will I let disrespect for women be celebrated in my movies! Yes..I’m an actor and this is my craft! I will whole heartedly trudge the grey and black with characters that possess unhinged moral compasses      ~Prithviraj Sukumaran

Even after decades, Indians love to see the big screen and are tirelessly watching movies. Due to this reason, the Indian Film Industry is one of the leading industry in the world. Even being in heights, by bringing high-quality movies, but fails in the aspect of gender equality. The remaining curse of patriarchy, gender discrimination, caste systems and highly stereotyping thoughts in the modern nation hinders the growth of Indian Cinema. Being in a land with existing patriarchy, it is tough to have a feminist perspective for both orthodox males and females. In the book titled Feminist Social Work, Lena Domicellie have written about her perspective towards feminism. Feminism is not against men’s well-being, but it is firmly against sexism and privileging men’s welfare over women’s. This includes privileges emanating from practices that: endorse the preferential treatment of men over women on sexist grounds in any arena. 

If the ideologies and philosophies raised by socialists( in such situation, for gender rights) may feel like piercing an arrow to your thoughts, contradicting your beliefs and value system; Its high time to initiate a journey for the unanswered questions and certainly you may end up in logical interpretations which may support or oppose the dealing scenario.

#Challenge 2

Now, how many of you have watched these movies??

(These are few best movies which fight patriarchy in Indian Film Industry. They may not be in box – office hits but they have told stories about the dreams of millions.)

What is your opinion???


Does the virtuality ruins the reality??



“Virtuality” is a concept in philosophy. The term was first put forward by French thinker Gilles Deleuez. Deleuez use the term “virtual” to something that is ideal(not real) in real world.

Today, In this 21st century the word virtuality  is common between everyone. Especially  for the “Digital natives”(those who born from  the past two decades who are more familiar with digital technologies than analog mechanics),virtual world or say cyber world is part of their life. All the accessories of digital world like mobile,computers,tabs support virtuality. Internet plays a major role in promoting cyber space.



“Reality” is the state of things as they actually exist , rather than as they may appear or might be imagined.

Reality includes everything that  is observable or comprehensible .we are living in  the real world hence we can say our life itself is a reality as it is real and is not ideal.

Is virtuality a threat??

  • The present generation so called “new gen” including me are strict addicts of  that virtual hero called internet and its elements.This includes all the internet activities like browsing ,chatting,gaming etc…
  • These are essential, as it help us to gain knowledge,relation,communication short internet and other social medias plays an important role in moulding us.

But seriously thinking or just say, analyzing the present us.the questions arise:

  • Are we destroying  the reality by being in virtuality?
  • Who is the master? The real “Me” or the Virtual “It”?
  • Is virtuality dominating  the reality?
  • Am I a virtual hero or a real hero?

Use of virtual tools are necessary in this present generation,but addiction to these is really diverting us, giving as a duplicate character or just say a mask  to our real character.


Let me share my experience regarding this. I was born on 1997,in Kerala ,India. Time when LAN-phones where the major communicating tool. Even though there was internet discovered, but was not common. I was born in to a joint family called “MAVELY Family”  When the classes get dispersed, we use to ran home just to reach first in the pit. As the rule of our cricket follows FCFS (First come first served) system in batting. Game changes according to the season.In summer we play cricket, In winter football. The best time I would say is Rainy season,where we got in to rain. Swimming was the main item during rainy season as canals were full with water. Those days of greenery, Where all talk face to face.Enjoying each second of liveness!!


But for past few years things are not compromising. all are busy wit some thing. we rarely play, laugh and talk. All were through communication apps and through SMS.I too was addicted to social medias like watsapp and facebook. My behavior just get altered. I Start to get frustrated very fast ,got angry on silly things .I spend a lot of time in social medias.I lagged in talking to my family members.even, I was not able to talk to anyone by looking in to their eyes.Seriously,for parents I was just like an alien.I forgot  all the manners and social ques that my behavior supports, instead I was becoming some one else.

I was not having any sense to this till Last Easter(celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead). It is because, may be  i was just flowing with the new world. Easter changed me a lot. As for Christians, preparation for Easter includes 50 days fasting(Fasting is a willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.) and when all took fasting on non-veg, I took it for social media. It was bitter for first few weeks but later I got control on myself. Woww!! Those days were amazing I felt very energetic and fresh. I felt freshness for everything.I felt the same liveness that i was missing for many years.Thank God, those period helped me to find another angle and lead to this blog.

Just to think..

  • Cyber space is an area for interacting through an ideal means. It is an another is a virtual world which is entirely different from the real world. It is the beautiful creation of some awesome brains.
  • All the things in the virtual space(every online activities) is separated from real world. because both are two different areas. cyber space is an electronic world and we belongs to real world.
  • The one thread which connect cyber world to real world is  “chatting”. Through chatting we can communicate to anyone in any part of the real world. so we talk through virtual space.Thus we can say chatting links both virtual world and real world.

Is chatting realistic?

For instance, let us take the one of the common chatting tool  called whatsapp .

  1. Well, I am chatting with my friend Robert through whatsapp.  What is the guarantee or assurance that the person to whom I am chatting with, is Robert ?What if  I am cheated?The name indicated as Robert to me  in my chat box, but what if I am chatting with Robert’s father instead of Robert or say to some other friend of Robert? I think this is one of the major reason which lead many to suicides as they were cheated.
  2. Whatsapp is a tool which help to maintain communications and relations between friends,relatives,cousins, etc..But actually, as the communication gap through cyber space is reduced. automatically, the communication gap in reality increases. This is an inverse proportionality.We forgot the communicating style in real life.This is the reason why the young generation are less reactive when a difficult situation arises.
  3. In cyberspace social medias give us an identity.Our identity in Facebook, twitter, blogs, etc..make us strong  and famous among social medias.In Virtuality we are becoming more popular. What is the case in reality? The person who  gets 1k likes in facebook  or any other social media, Does he/she have 1k likes in his/her real life?Being good in social media is temporary action, But being good in life is permanent.
  4. Virtual space is a created space and if we are addicted to this means we are merging to this space and a mask will be automatically hiding our true personality.And this mask which is not real ,never take as to success in life.


All social medias are good and is essential for a person to survive in today’s world.But just give a limit line to everything. While spending too much time in virtual space. Just think, raise your head and look through the window.