Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey

“यह आज़ादी की लड़ाई है …ग़ुज़रे हुए कल से आज़ादी … आने वाले कल के लिए”

 

  • An Indian Soldier, who plays a predominant role in the events preceding the rebellion of 1857.
  • Born in 19th July 1857 to a Brahmin Family, Pandey joined in the Bengal Army in 1849. (5th Company of the 34th Native Infantry)
  • The East India Company introduced reforms that were completely unfair and unjust. They made the use of bullet cartridge which were used in P-53, Enfield rifle for all soldiers.
  • These cartridges were coated with a grease membrane that have to cut by teeth before loading. Since this membrane was extracted from the fat of either cow or pig, which was offensive for both Hindus and Muslims.  The Indian troops in some regiments were of the opinion that this was an intentional act of the British, with the aim of defiling their religions.
  • When all other attempts and uproar failed to change this phenomenon, on March 29, 1857, Mangal Pandey launched an open mutiny at Barrackpore in Kolkata. He rebelled and killed many British officers for their cruel and inhuman nature towards his countrymen.
  • He along with his men attacked the sergeant Major Hudson which lead to a tough situation of battle on the army ground.
  • Mangal Pandey was surrounded by the British soldiers, but he collapsed after firing a bullet on his own chest.
  • It is said that even when there was a bullet in his chest, he kept quiet and have not revealed the names of his fellow co-conspirators.
  • He was hanged on 29th March 1857.
  • To commemorate the brave soldier, the Indian government issued a postage stamp with his image in 1984.
  •  A movie on the life and journey of Mangal Pandey was released in 2005, where Aamir Khan played the titular role.

She was known as the “Mickey Mouse” of Gandhi…Read More.

 

The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

  • After the death of Gangadhar Rao, King of Jhansi ( to whom, Laxmi Bahi was married in the age of 7) rani was coronated as the queen of Jhansi.
  • The Britishers took advantage of the lack of experience of the queen and demanded the control of her kingdom. But they were wrong! Rani was strong and determined for her kingdom.
  • Since there was no biological male heir, the kingdom was annexed to British Raj by Governor-General of India under Doctrine of Lapse.
  • Rani adopted a son, but Lord Dalhousie did not consider Damodar Rao as a biological heir and sent the message of merging Jhansi into British.

But Rani, was courageous and was not ready to surrender her land to the invaders

  • She formed an army, including both women and men and trained them in Military techniques.
  • The incident of Britishers looting common people, killing women and children in Jhansi, strengthen her decision to fight against Britishers.

Along with her army, she fought against the Britishers for almost two weeks. She carried her adopted son Damodar Rao on her back and took a sword in each hand, and killed many British soldiers. Her attack have made the British Army to set back from the fight.

  • But later in 18th June 1958, the British attacked the Gwalior and entered into Jhansi.
  • Rani decided to break the military front and while she was trying to break it she came across a garden.
  • Since she was riding a new horse, she felt difficult to control it.
  • Ultimately she fell and got injured. Since Rani was in male warrior costume, the Britishers didn’t recognize her and they left her.
  • Rani’s servant helped her up and gave her ‘gangajal’, which is considered a holy water.
  • Her last wish was that she should not be touched a Britisher, and hence was burn by a hermit.

Reference:

https://indiathedestiny.com/freedom-movement/rani-lakshmi-bhai-symbol-courage-bravery/