The National Education Policy 2020- A hope to all Indians…
The union cabinet on 29th July 2020 approved the new National Education Policy 2020. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020(HT, 2020).
Aim– To make “India a global knowledge superpower”
Renaming MHRD to Ministry of Education
The last National Education Policy which was introduced by Rajeev Gandhi in 1986 which renamed the ministry as the Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) and P V Narasimha Rao served as the first minister of MHRD. On last Wednesday, while presenting the third NEP 2020 of India, announced the renaming of MHRD as the Ministry of Education.
Major Highlights of NEP 2020, pulling down the existing Drawbacks
The (5+3+3+4) structure
- The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
- Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
- The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
- After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).
- The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
- 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
- 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
- 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
- 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).
Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.
- The age for Right to Education has extended.
- Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
- This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
- Also before, the students get free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
- According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).
More focus on vocational studies in school- level
Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.
- As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
- A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
- By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
- Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.
The New Exam Pattern
The concept of exam is a terror for all, even at times we used to curse the one who invented the exam because no exams are students friendly. If you get a good score you have to maintain that score for the entire life and if you have less score you have to hear the whole people comparing you with others. Hey! the good news is..we have a hope….
- According to NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
- Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
- The results of school examinations will be used only for developmental purposes and for continuous monitoring and improvement of the schooling system.
A Holistic Progress card…
The NEP 2020 has brought a multidimensional progress card which include:
- Self-assessment, peer assessment and teachers assessment.
- The card not only include your cognitive analysis but also your social-emotional and psychological assessment.
- the report will include progress in project-based and inquiry-based learning, quizzes, role plays, group work, portfolios, etc., to be included in report cards.
Best Highlights of NEP-2020 in Graduation Levels.
4-year of Undergraduate programme FYUP
- NEP 2020 adopted a four year UG programme, which was earlier proposed by Dinesh Singh ( former V-C of DU)
- In FYUP, the conventional three-year Bachelor’s degrees will remain, there will now be a four-year “multi-disciplinary” Bachelor’s programme.
- Students opting for a three-year Bachelor’s programme can choose a two-year Master’s programme which could be followed by a PhD.
- Students opting for the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research can go for a one-year Master’s which is expected to make students ready for a PhD programme.
- To enrol for a PhD, a Master’s degree or the four-year Bachelor’s degree with Research is now mandatory; it is not clear whether this is referring to a year-long or a two-year Master’s degree(In Defence of MPhil, n.d.).
Dropping out? Don’t worry you ‘ll gain your credit!
According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, In this decade there is an increase in students opting for higher education but the survey also showed that the people who are dropping out is also increasing. We have discussed the example of fish who understand its passion later in their life; Drop out happen when the students have no more interest in continuing the education or when he/she identifies his passion in a different subject. If someone drops the course, what he/she earns is knowledge related to that course and countless shame.
- NEP 2020 focus on giving credits even though one could not complete his full education.
- If a student drops in the first year, the student will get a certificate.
- If the student drops in the second year, will get a Diploma.
- The students completing the third year will get a bachelor’s degree.
- The student completing the fourth year will receive a bachelor’s degree with research.
Flexibility in Subject.
As per the second NEP (1986), the students were not having enough freedom to chose their combinations of subjects. The students could only make their selection after the tenth standard. ( Computer science, bio maths, commerce…). Even in college, the students have to go with the complimentary coursed decided by the department.
- The NEP 2020 envisages broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic undergraduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, and integration of vocational education.
- Now the students could choose the subjects according to their passion ie: if a student like chemistry and maths but hate physics, he/she could choose another subject.
- This will help the students to learn different dimensions as per their passions.
- The students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed until now.
- This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
- . There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.
- According to the new National Education Policy, foreign universities will now be able to operate in India.
- This move will add ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save them a lot on dollars. It will also raise the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
- The move will allow 200 top global universities to operate in India and provide quality education and raise standards of India varsities as well.
Controversy in National Education Policy 2020
- In a segment called ‘multilingualism, and power of language’, the new National Education Policy (NEP) says “wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language”.
- “Experts have found when a child is born he starts learning in his home language. It is not just in our country, in countries like France and Germany and even Nobel laureates have admitted that their knowledge of science or any other subject has been better when they studied it in their language,” Kasturirangan said.
- However, the policy gravely misses out on the factor that many students come from other states and might not know the regional or local language. As a result, its effort to promote diversity and pluricultural in language may go futile.
Summing up, the new NEP 2020, the policy has brought many significant changes to the Education especially focusing on a “modern-demand” of education. The NEP 2020 was widely accepted by the education experts, teachers and students all over the nation. The base put forward by the Narendra Modi’s Government in the education system has become a success but the real essence lies in the implementation of the NEP 2020, which have to be catered from the top cities to the rural areas of the nation.