Indian Socialism

The Indian Socialism

The Indian Socialism.

“There is no Democracy without socialism and no Socialism without Democracy”  – Rosa Luxembourg

The ideals of socialism state the social and economic doctrine of public ownership than private ownership. The Indian Constitution solemnly resolve its people to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Republic Nation. The principle of socialism was added to the constitution through the 42nd amendment act during the emergency period. Indian socialism promotes social and economic welfare among people and prohibits exploitation in any manner.

India follows democratic socialism which has a blend of Marxism as well as Gandhian socialism and leans more towards Gandhian ideologies of Truth, Ahimsa, Trusteeship and Decentralization. During the pandemic, the services to the people were catered through the public health care system which is a true example of Indian socialism. The three major developmental aspects of Indian socialism are: 1) Rapid growth in industries and agriculture through which the Indian economy was developed 2) Public sphere contributing to the development of industries helping the nation to be self-dependent and 3) Mixed economy, to help people meet their needs with the help of private companies under a set of rules. Even though socialism in a nation accounts for social-economic development through social policies, land reform movements and cooperative policies, it has not yet fulfilled its objective.

Several policies from the liberalization policy of 1990 to the recent farm bills question the absence of public ownerships and raise criticisms for privatization. Discrimination and inequality is still a challenge in India. Socialism accounts for the upliftment of the marginalized sessions. Several people get denied their right to education, employment and faces mental and physical abuses. Senior citizen and Transgender are other categories who don’t get their rights served. We also spend a very little percentage of GDP in Public Health care causing a short of more than 3000 PHCs in the Nation. The Human Development Report state that we have only 8 beds for 10,000 people whereas China has around 40 beds for 10 000 people.

Through effective social policies and programmatic interventions, we are addressing several issues. For instance, the Elderly Inclusion programme of Kudumbashree promotes social inclusion among senior citizen in Kerala. The initiative of the National Institute of Defense along with the National Backward Class Finance and Development Corporation to allow relief funds to the trans genders during the pandemic and protecting them through Garima Greh promotes socialism in the nation. The discrimination against women is prevented by making laws strict through the Domestic Violence Act, 2005, Nirbhaya Act, 2013, Sexual harassment (Protection Prevention and Redressal ) Act, 2013 etc. The Bati Bacho Beti Padao Andolan, Mudra Scheme, Balika Samridhi Yojana ensure equality for women.

The aim of socialism is to enhance the well-being of the marginalized session and help them to meet their needs. By understanding the issues in the community, bringing effective planning and locality organization, through proper implementation and by periodic social audits, we could promote Indian Socialism.

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Sovereignty at 2021- The Indian Edition.

 The Indian Sovereignty

Sovereignty makes a government independent from others and prevents external forces to interfere in government matters.  According to Coole “A country is said to be Sovereign if there exists within itself supreme and absolute power, acknowledging no superior”. India declare itself as an Independent country on 15th August 1947 and the Constitution solemnly resolve the Republic of India to be a Sovereign nation. We adopted the idea of sovereignty from the fifth article of the Ireland constitution. In India, Sovereignty began from the uppermost layer of International independence to the bottom level of self-independence.

India proclaims its external sovereignty at the International level and the independence of the nation got accepted by other countries in the world. At the geopolitical level, one cannot stand fully Independent particularly after the liberalization policies of 1990. The multilateral ties among other countries, on one hand, has brought development to the economy of the nation but on another hand has pulled the strings of tension and propaganda. There also exist a threat to digital sovereignty to the nation when multinational companies like Twitter and WhatsApp disagree to amend their privacy rules. The prevailing border issues with Pakistan, China and Sri Lanka are still a threat to the nation creating havocs on external and internal sovereignty.

2021 Edition of The Indian Sovereignty

Internally, sovereignty emphasis the relation of state and people within its territory. Also, the nation upholds the ideal of popular sovereignty where the people are considered to have supreme power. The political sovereignty lies with the people and the legislative sovereignty lies with the parliament. At times the indifference in the people opinion with legislative sovereignty leads to conflict and riots within the territory. The farm bill was one such incident that raises conflicts at the national level raising the threat to internal sovereignty. Here the ideals of democratic socialism work and neutralize the issues through negotiations within government and people.

In microscopic level, Individual within the territory of the nation enjoys sovereignty. The constitution guarantees each person fundamental rights (Article 14-35) and directive principles of state policies (Article 36-51). No person has the right to discriminate against others on behalf of cast creed colour sex etc. The government also protect the rights of minorities, senior citizen, Transgender, beggars and other marginalized sessions through effective policies like protection and welfare of parents and senior citizens act, 2007; Transgender person (Protection) Act, 2019; Beggars Act etc. These policies and schemes to enhance the wellbeing of people and help in meeting their needs, thus protecting individual sovereignty.

The pandemic has spread distress and disparities in the community leading to hardships in both international and internal systems of the nation. This is a juncture in Indian history but is also an opportunity to strengthen the fundamentals of Indian Sovereignty. By protecting the independence of the nation from geopolitical competitions, by bringing effective policies and programmatically implementing them, by ensuring the freedom and rights of individual let’s fulfil the dream of a self-sufficient, independent nation. An Atma Nirbhar Bharath.

References:

Indian Constituion 

 

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The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

The Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

Rani of Jhansi-Lakshmi Bhai

  • After the death of Gangadhar Rao, King of Jhansi ( to whom, Laxmi Bahi was married in the age of 7) rani was coronated as the queen of Jhansi.
  • The Britishers took advantage of the lack of experience of the queen and demanded the control of her kingdom. But they were wrong! Rani was strong and determined for her kingdom.
  • Since there was no biological male heir, the kingdom was annexed to British Raj by Governor-General of India under Doctrine of Lapse.
  • Rani adopted a son, but Lord Dalhousie did not consider Damodar Rao as a biological heir and sent the message of merging Jhansi into British.

But Rani, was courageous and was not ready to surrender her land to the invaders

  • She formed an army, including both women and men and trained them in Military techniques.
  • The incident of Britishers looting common people, killing women and children in Jhansi, strengthen her decision to fight against Britishers.

Along with her army, she fought against the Britishers for almost two weeks. She carried her adopted son Damodar Rao on her back and took a sword in each hand, and killed many British soldiers. Her attack have made the British Army to set back from the fight.

  • But later in 18th June 1958, the British attacked the Gwalior and entered into Jhansi.
  • Rani decided to break the military front and while she was trying to break it she came across a garden.
  • Since she was riding a new horse, she felt difficult to control it.
  • Ultimately she fell and got injured. Since Rani was in male warrior costume, the Britishers didn’t recognize her and they left her.
  • Rani’s servant helped her up and gave her ‘gangajal’, which is considered a holy water.
  • Her last wish was that she should not be touched a Britisher, and hence was burn by a hermit.

Reference:

https://indiathedestiny.com/freedom-movement/rani-lakshmi-bhai-symbol-courage-bravery/

 

 

wow NEP 2020! The new structure of school education.

The new structure of school education in the NEP 2020.

The (5+3+3+4) structure

Before:

  • The student enters into an education platform by the age of 3 (playschool).
  • Then to Kinder garden ( LKG& UKG) -2 years
  • The student then enters into his secondary education ( 1st grade to 10th grade) – 10 years
  • After the tenth, two years of higher secondary education (+1 and +2).

The new structure of school education in the NEP 2020.

Now according to the National Education Policy 2020:

  • The number of years the same but the structure is divided considering the “cognitive-developmental stage“- early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
  • 5 years of Fundamental stage which include multilevel, play activity-based education.
  • 3 years of Preparatory Stage which include play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning ( Class 3-5).
  • 3 Years of Middle stage which comprises of experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities (Class 6-8).
  • 4 years of Secondary Stage- multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects (class 9-12).

Extending the Right to Education from 3 years to 18 years.

  • The age for Right to Education has extended.
  • Before it was from 5 to 14 years ( preschool to high school), the new NEP announces the Right to free and compulsory education from 3 to 18 years old.
  • This may impart an effective basic knowledge in children, as we know that most of the children enter into the education when they are three years old ( through Anganawadis or Playschool) but due to fewer privileges in families, many children start their education only when they are five years old. This reduce the basics obtained by that child when compared to another child who enters the preschool after attending the playschool/Anganwadi.
  • Also before, the students get free and compulsory education till the age of fourteen ( 8th standard), this has lead several students to stop their studies and engage in different activities.
  • According to the NEP 2020, the government will invest additional money to promote the education of a child from three years to eighteen years. ( from preschool to twelfth standard).

 More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Till now, the Indian education system focuses on the theories taught in the classes. Learn theories, write exam and pass to the next grade. The only practical session that a student get ll be the Physical Training period. The NEP 2020 has brought change to this system by introducing the vocational training from sixth grade. This will also increase the chance for students to find their passion and plan their future accordingly.

  • As per the NEP 2020; Every child must learn at least one vocational course.
  • A sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
  • By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education.
  • Similarly, students will have internship opportunity in vocational training throughout grade 6- 12, especially in holidays.

Details! PUBG Banned in India

Details! PUBG Banned in India

Details! PUBG Banned in India

PUBG – A Brief Introduction

Player Unknown Battle Ground (PUBG), an online multiplayer battleground game which is developed by a South Korean video game company called Bluehole.  The game launched in 2017 for Microsoft Windows, but made accessible as a free to play mobile version for android as well as iOS in 2018. The game received greater reviews from the critics and was also nominated for the categories “Game of the Year” and “Best Ongoing Game” at the Game awards. The game also received the 35th Golden Joystick award for best PC game and 36th Joystick award for best mobile game(‘PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds’, 2020).

The Indian Digital Strike.

  • The Military standoff in Sino -Indian border from the month of may has led to aggressive melee, face-offs and skirmishes among both countries.
  • In order to save the country’s sovereignty and security, the government of India decided to ban 59 Chinese apps in the first phase.
  • Apps like, TikTok, Helo and WeChat, UC Browser and ShareIT are some of the prominent apps which were banned by the Indian Government.
  • In the second phase of the digital strike, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) took the decision to ban 47 more Chinese apps.
  • Another 275 apps are under the radar of the Indian Government as those apps could hinder national security.

    PUBG BANNED IN INDIA

    On Wednesday, September 2020 the Ministry of information and technology banned PUBG along with other 117 apps were banned in India.

Is PUBG a Chinese Game??

  • PUBG  was developed and published by PUBG Corporation, a subsidiary of South Korean video game company Bluehole.
  • Initially was made available for Microsoft Windows through the Steam store.
  • The PUBG game became a part of the Chinese market when the Bluehole company( South Korean) partnered with China’s biggest gaming company which is Tencent (Chinese).
  • Tencent introduced PUBG MOBILE, a mobile version of the game and that is how it became a Chinese App.

Is PUBG banned in India?

Even though many in the country support banning the Chinese apps to ensure the digital security of the nation, the PUBG fans have requested the authorities not to include the game in the ban list.

PUBG BANNED IN INDIA

On Wednesday, September 2020 the Ministry of information and technology banned PUBG along with other 117 apps were banned in India.

 

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Drug Yourself, Yours Sincerely DEATH….

 

LOVE ME, NOT METH….

Drugs and Drug related problems has been prevailing as an international concern and various countries have designed and implemented a plethora of ideas and strategies to curb the issue. But then, has there been a downfall in the statistics globally? A report by the World Health Organization states that 33 million people die each year due to harmful use of alcoholic substances and its overdose. Considering alone, the developing and underdeveloped countries, especially where the legal framework for constraining drug-related problems as well as the treatment facilities are limited, the condition is far worse. The stigma associated, along with the restrained clinical facilities are causing at least seven people to commit suicide in India per day under the wheels of Drug disorders.

Some of the most common drugs that circulate in every society are Alcohol, Cannabis, Opium and Heroin. Various other high risk and expensive drugs are available in the black market through deep web purchasing and illicit trafficking across national borders. Tonnes of such illegal drugs have been seized through the collaboration of agencies and via legal authorities. But such actions alone cannot put an anchor to the influx of drugs like Heroin. Even after stringent legal framework and 24/7 Surveillance, the problem prevails. This is because it is not something done in small scale and low ground but drug trafficking is an organized, well-planned business done with the help of corrupted authorities within the country. The victims are normal working class and rural population especially teenagers and adults who falls into the cakehole.

As we have already explained that teenagers are the most vulnerable group affected by drugs. The psychosocial theory by Erik Erikson who stated that the adolescent period is that of experimentation and establishment of an identity can be read together with this. To find a solution to drug abuse is a necessity globally and particularly in India where we have the largest number of youth accounting to nearly 356 million. Addressing their safety and health is a matter of national concern. If unresolved or ignored, the future implications will be awful. Integrated solutions through accountable institutions and clubbing of professionals who can provide results are needed. Creating awareness, providing curative treatments and curbing the demand and supply are three important areas along the path of successful drug prevention.

Studies presents that biological, psychological and environmental factors play a significant role in a person’s interest in drugs and related products. Theories of positive psychology states that happiness can indeed stand as an active solution to various problems. People who use drugs fall into two main categories, one is for immediate freeness from all problems that the person is having where the chemicals of the drug-like tranquillizers act along the Central Nervous System to bring immediate calmness and the second one is through peer groups for enjoyment. In either case, there is a high chance that it can turn into an addiction. Social Connectedness and recreational activities can highly promote the mental health and boost the morale of people. But then, deprivation from these can cause mental disorders like depression and anxiety and consequently people find shelter in the use of these illicit drugs. Thus, the drug abuse in India is rather an indigenous problem with the need of local solutions at the expense of global prescriptions. First, people have to get free from the stigma attached to drug abuse and treatment. Secondly, proper awareness campaigns and education at a lower level has to happen. Response should start from family, through teachers and peer groups. Awareness groups and clubs should be formed at the school level to check and prevent any child in the school to fall prey to the issue. From a bigger perspective, task forces that continuously survey and curb the inflow and supply of drugs should work. Third and the final cone is the treatment. Drug Treatment clinics have to be set up in every district along with trained social workers who can provide effective counselling and therapies like CBT (Cognitive behavioural Therapy) and motivational interview. Continuous monitoring of patients to a particular period of time and follow-ups can effectively prevent relapse.

The strategies should always strike at the root cause of any social problem. In every society drug addiction and use can be due to some kind of deprivation, a vacuum in the society which indirectly affects individuals. Thus, providing security, wellbeing and mental health should be the concern of the day. Rather than admitting to the stigma, the realization of oneself and the drug in oneself that can cater for all humanly pleasure, should be explored. For that effective systems should support. Online counselling and other mental health projects should be developed more intensively for all the citizens in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic. Better knowledge regarding every aspect of life and asking for help is necessary. As this year’s theme presents, BETTER KNOWLEDGE FOR BETTER CARE will support for the betterment of oneself and for the society.